Complete List of Terms and Definitions for English Short Stories Vocab

Terms Definitions
Innocuous Harmless
sullen mürrisch
indigenous eingeboren
beseech to beg
denoument conclusion (resolution)
sashaying moving sideways
Fecundity (noun) richness; fruitfulness
sled thomas e. adams
Margaret Atwood Happy Endings
craven noun
a miserable coward; timid
Iridescent Having shifting, rainbow-like colors
Talisman Charmed to bring luck
Peaceful, calm, or quiet. tranquil
vaudeville theatrical genre of variety entertainment (1800s-1930s) including musicians, dancers, comedians, trained animals, etc.
solicitous full or care of concern
contrast show how things are different
Expression used in specific geographical destinati Colloquialism
consummate (adj) complete in every detail: extremely skilled and accomplished
types of internal conflict man vs. self
Antagonist The force(s) against the protagonist. Can be another character, nature, restrictions/beliefs of society, or themselves.
symbol an object,event, person, or animal that stands for itself AND something else
fidelity strict observance of promises, duties, etc.:
ephemeral (adj) lasting a short time, short lived
omniscient "all knowing"; this is when the narrator reports what is going on in all of the characters' heads
indelible permanent incapable of being erased or removed
simile comparison using the word "like" or "as"
Volition a choice or decision made by will
diction style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words:
Rising action the action(s) that takes place before the story reaches the climax
a series of events related to a central conflict or struggle Plot
Clarification The act of making something clearer or more focused
Tessie- "The Lottery" static character because she doesn't change. she doesn't have an epiphany about the whole ordeal happening, she only reacts this way because her family/she was the one to be stoned
Symbolism The use of an object to represent a larger idea.
Brabant A term used to refer to a Flemish coin
much of his work details what it means to be a man in a world of women and war hemmingway
vantage point from which a story is told point of view
linger to remain or stay on in a place longer than is usual or expected, as if from reluctance to leave:
"Welcome my children...to the communion of your race...you have found your nature and your destiny" saying they are all in the communion for awhile. you are going to belong to something.
He is waiting on his death and flashbacks to how he got where he is. What is the flashback in "The Black Cat"?
remit pardon
obstinate stubborn
mirage illusion
A&P John Updike
ghastly horribly frightful
Vonnegut Harrison Bergeron
The Cabulliwallah Rabindranath Tagore
theme main idea/ lesson
illimitable without limit immeasurable
Fetter (verb) to confine; restrain
serene calm, peaceful, or tranquil
Louise Erdrich The Red Convertible
Liam O'Flaherty Author of "The Sniper"
uncanny beyond the ordinary or normal
Labyrinth a complex structure or maze
impulse noun
a sudden wish or urge
True Vita's mother was extremely literate (True or false()
The Lady or The Tiger Frank Stockton
Frank Stockton The Lady or The Tiger
Battles noun. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forcesverb. to engage in battle
Dynamic Character A character who undergoes change during the story.
Alluring (adj) highly attractive and able to arouse hope or desire
NYC What city does Helen take place in?
protagonist main character, ( not always good guy).
antihero protagonist who has none of the qualities normally expected of a hero
revery a state of dreamy meditation or fanciful musing:
Usurer someone who lends money to people with a high rate of interest
Example of suspense Mr. Spangler disappears after seeing the Reaper in the Delver Looking glass...we never find out what happens to him
plot sequence of events or actions in short story, play, novel, or narrative poem
Hubbub n: a loud noise, as of many voices
the humming that lived through the winterauthor william saroyan
careened to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion
paste a mixture of heavy glass used to make artificial gems - noun
divined of or pertaining to a god, esp. the Supreme Being.
what is the name of the boy who takes her bag (tym) roger
falling action the part of the plot of a story that occurs after the climax.
When the Republican sniper shoots and kills his opponent. What is the climax in the Sniper?
She gets to be in the horse with the boy. Why was Helen happy when she got the chicken pox and couldn't perform the role of Helen of Troy?
static unchanging
lustrous shiny
lucid clear
pun double meaning
dubiously skeptically doubtfully
Ulysses james joyce
to foreshadow etwas vorhersehen
comport to conduct oneself; behave
... Climax
The necklace is missing!
Mathilde's discovery is the most exciting and dramatic moment in the story (until that crazy twist in the last line). It's also the turning point in the plot. Before, the story was a build-up to Mathilde's one glorious night with the rich and famous. Now it transitions into a desperate search. We have a feeling things are not going to end well.
Suspense
Diamonds, when lost, are a girl's worst nightmare
After the loss of the necklace, we're kept in constant suspense. First, there's the search for the necklace: will it be found? When it becomes clear it isn't going to be, the question becomes: what will the Loisels do? Will they find a replacement? And when they do, the question is: how the are they going to pay for it? It turns out paying for it takes quite a toll on them - their lives are ruined for ten years.
Denouement
A fateful stroll down the Champs Elysées
When Mathilde meets Mme. Forestier on the Champs Elysées, it looks like we're just about to tie up the last loose end in the story. The main action is over - the Loisels have finally finished paying off their debts for the necklace. All that remains is for Mathilde to see whether her friend ever noticed the substitute necklace, and tell her the sad story of the whole affair. But then things don't quite wrap up the way we expect.
Conclusion
Come on baby, let's do the twist...
Sometimes critics say that the twist ending is the climax of the story. You could think that the twist is the most exciting moment of the story, and represents a turning point since it reverses everything that came before. But we're sticking to our guns, and saying that the twist ending isn't the climax, but the conclusion. A climax is technically the point of the plot that everything builds up to, and that's not true of the twist. What makes the twist so effective is that by the time it happens the plot has already "risen and fallen," and seems to be wrapping up naturally. Then, right in the denouement, everything changes. Unlike your run-of-the-mill conclusion, this conclusion is exciting, and it upsets everything.
The Open Boat Stephen Crane
Opulent Rich and luxurious and lavish
situational irony not what is expected
to swap s.th. for etw. ersetzen
Irony Literary techniques that portray differences between:
Appearance & Reality
Expectation & Result
Meaning & intention
Gary Soto Author of "The No-Guitar Blues"
evident plain or clear to the sight
nostalgia positively missing of craving the past
mendicany the practice of begging - noun
rebellious attitude was first formed in his childhood Joyce
John Steinbeck Author of "Of Mice and Men"
two kinds: who was the antagonist? the mom
richard connell author of "the most dangerous game"
imperceptible impossible or difficult to perceive by the mind or senses
verismilitude life-like quality possessed by a story as revealed through the plot, setting, conflict and character
direct characterization protagonist is developed through the their words and actions
What's the conflict in Monkey's Paw? Person v. Self
round character shows many different traits; faults as well as virtues
parry to ward off (a thrust, stroke, weapon, etc.), as in fencing; avert.
Point of view Perspective or angle from which a narrator presents a story.
dialect a way of speaking peculiar to a part of the country, ethnic group, etc.
careen (of a vehicle) to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion:
third person limited the narrator is an outsider who sees into the mind or ONE of the characters
The Painted Door's Main Characters Ann JohnSteven: Friend of Ann and John 
Good Advice is Rarer than Rubies - A beautiful woman goes to British consolate to get immigration rights.
-The man she goes to see is attracted to her and gives her special treatment by giving her her immigration papers without having to to take the test.
-She refuses.
-She fails the test purposley becase she doesnt want to go to England with the huband she doesnt know.
discreet cautious
prodigal wasteful
inquisitive curious;inquiring
abysmal very bad
Top Man James Ullman
Ivan Zaroff's assistent (MDG)
shirley jackson The lottery
termination an end,limit,or edge
Greasy Lake T. Coraghessan Boyle
To Build a Fire Jack London
gallows frame where people are hung
debut first public performance or showing
Cossack russian general, title that Zaroff posesses (MDG)
bierce author of occurance at open window
Author of To Build a Fire Jack London
Leonard Mead Man who enjoys walking (The Pedestrian)
Mathilde Loisel borrows a necklace from her friend (the necklace)
scenario a description of a possible course of action or events
Author of The Bride Comes to Yellow Sky Stephen Crane
Mr. Graves He is the postmaster of the village and is the second most powerful person in the village.
Mrs. Delacroix She is a supporter of the lottery and is the person that throws he largest stones at the Tessie when Tessie wins the lottery.
Vincent Spaulding (John Clay) The antagonist of the story who works at Jabez Wilson's pawn shop and is a notorious criminal. He works under the pseudonym of Vincent Spaulding and is the creator of the Red Headed League with which he intends to rob the City and Suburban Bank.
montressor tells us he has a plan to kill him foreshadowing of cask of amontillado