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Terms Definitions
Mesoamerica Hearth of tomato
Agribusiness Commercial agriculture characterized by integration of different steps in the food-processing industry, usually through ownership by large corporations.
North America "world's bread basket"
Eurasia Hearth of the cow
McCormick reaper 1830s-________________ __________ cut wheat
Pastoralism another name for Pastoral Nomadism
Sawah A flooded field for growing rice.
Hull The outer covering of a seed.
Commercial agriculture Agriculture undertaken primarily to generate products for sale off the farm.
wheat _________=one of the most important grain crops and the world's leading export crop
service sector another word for tertiary sector
Mediterranean Agriculture located in Mediterranean climates; crops grown for human consumption; focus on horticulture and tree crops
biotechnology using organisms to improve other organisms
Seed agriculture Reproduction of plants through annual introduction of seeds.
Pastoral nomadism A form of subisistence agriculture based on herding domesticated animals.
monoculture growing one crop over a large area
ecumene areas of Earth's surface that have been permanently settled (the inhabited world)
truck farming synonym for Commercial Gardening and Fruit Farming
Angus and Hereford two cows we use now
Plantation A large farm in tropical and subtropical climates that specializes in the production of one or two crops for sale, usually to a more developed country
Vegetative Planting Reproduction of plants by direct cloning from existing plants
Thresh To beat out grain from stalks by trampling it.
Crop rotation The practice of rotating use of different fields from crop to crop each year, to avoid exhausting the soil.
Crop grain or fruit gathered from a field as a harvest during a particular season
Plantation Farming practiced in sub/tropic LDCs but owned by MNCs in MDCs
salinization, monocropping, homogenization, top, capital, pests, run, some, mechanization, MNCs Negetive consequences of the Green Revolution: ___________, _____________/_______________ of crops, _____ soil loss, ___________ intensive, super _______, ____ off, four main crops can't be grown in ______ places, _______________ decreased need for workers, makes periphery more dependent on _____
Mediterranean Sea, California, Central Chile, South Africa, South West Australia location of Mediterranean climates
Dakotas, Montana, Canada Where is the spring wheat belt?
Grain Farming grown for sale to manufacturers; not always for "immediate" consumption by humans and livestock
Milkshed The area surrounding a city in which milk is supplied
Winter Wheat Wheat planted in the fall and harvested in the early Summer
Wet rice Rice planted on dryland in a nursery, then moved to a deliberately flooded field to promote growth.
Intensive subsistence agriculture A form of subsistence agriculture in which farmers must expend a relatively large amount of effort to produce the maximim feasible yield from parcel of land.
primary sector the group of jobs that extract raw materials from Earth
import; debt; money developed countries with one cash crop (plantation): forces periphery countries to _______ food-huge _____; must rely on world demand for _________
First Agricultural Revolution occured 10-12,000 years ago during the Holocene
ASSets What did the New World lack that the Old World had?
late 16th century-19th century when the 2nd Agricultural Revolution took place
subsistence farming type of farming where farmers grow for personal use/consumption
Shifting Cultivation A form of subsistence farming in which people shift activity from one field to another; each field is used for crops for a relatively few years and left fallow for a relatively long period
mixed crop and livestock farming, dairy farming, grain farming, livestock ranching, Mediterranean Agriculture, commercial gardening and fruit farming, plantation farming Types of Commercial Farming (7)
land, transportation, soil, climate, social assumptions the von Thünen model make: uniformity of _____; no obstacles to ______________; _____ and _________ the same; _________ factors
quaternary sector and quinary sector two sub sections of the service sector
root crop, rest crop, winter cereal, spring cereal 18th Century-4 field system, need for _____ ______, _____ _______, ______ ______, and ______ ______
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