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Terms Definitions
本着 běnzhe - based on
bìng - and; furthermore; (not) at all; simultaneously; also; together with; to combine; to join; to merge
并且 bìngqiě - and; besides; moreover; furthermore; in addition
不但 búdàn - not only
不但...而且... búdàn ... érqiě ... - not only... but also...
不但...也... bú dàn...yě ... - not only ...; but also ...
不过 búguò - only; merely; no more than; but; however; only
不论 búlùn - no matter (what, who, how, etc.); whether; or; regardless of
不但如是 bùdàn rúshì - nay; not only so
不管 bùguǎn - no matter (what, how); regardless of; no matter
不仅 bùjǐn - not the only one; not only; not just
不然 bùrán - not so; no; or else; otherwise; if not
不如 bùrú - not equal to; not as good as; inferior to; it would be better to
不用说 bùyòng shuō - naturally
除非 chúfēi - only if (..., or otherwise, ...); only when; only in the case that
除了...以外 chúle ... yǐwài - besides, apart from (... also...), in addition to, except (for)
此外 cǐwài - besides; in addition; moreover; furthermore
从而 cóng'ér - thus; thereby
dàn - but; yet; however; only; merely; still
但是 dànshì - but; however
dào - to (a place); until (a time); up to; to go; to arrive
得以 déyǐ - so that one can
ér - and; as well as; but (not); yet (not); (shows causal relation); (shows change of state); (shows contrast)
而且 érqiě - not only... but also....; ...as well as...; moreover; in addition; furthermore
fán - ordinary; every; all; whatever; worldly
凡是 fánshì - whatever; every; all
反而 fǎn'ér - instead; contrary (to expectations)
反之 fǎnzhī - on the other hand; conversely
否则 fǒuzé - if not; otherwise; else; or else
gēn - to follow; to go with; heel; with; and
gù - happening; instance; reason; cause; therefore; deceased; old
固然 gùrán - admittedly; it's true that
还不如 háibùrú - could as well
还是 háishì - or; still; nevertheless
还有 háiyǒu - also, in addition
hǎo - good; well
hé - and; together with; with; peace; harmony; union
何况 hékuàng - much less; let alone
话说回来 huàshuōhuílái - on the contrary
huò - maybe; perhaps; might; possibly; or
或是 huòshì - either X or Y
或者 huòzhě - or; possibly; maybe; perhaps
基本上 jīběn shang - basically; on the whole
jí - to reach; and
即使 jíshǐ - even if; even though
jì - already; since; both... (and...)
jì - and; reach to; the end
既然 jìrán - since; as; this being the case
既然...就 jìrán ... jiù - given the fact that ...
既...又... jì ... yòu ... - both ... and ...
加上 jiāshàng - to put in; to add; plus; to add on; to add into
加以 jiāyǐ - in addition; [before a verb] handle, deal with
假如 jiǎrú - if
假若 jiǎruò - if; supposing; in case
假设 jiǎshè - suppose if
假使 jiǎshǐ - suppose; given
尽管 jǐn'guǎn - despite; although; even though; in spite of; feel free to; not hesitate to
进而 jìn'ér - and then (what follows next)
就是 jiùshì - (emphasizes that something is precisely or exactly what is stated); precisely; exactly; even; if; just like; in the same way as
就是说 jiùshì shuō - in other words; that is
就算 jiùsuàn - given that
据说 jùshuō - it is said that; reportedly
据悉 jùxī - according to reports; it is reported (that)
可见 kějiàn - it can clearly be seen (that this is the case); it is (thus) clear; clear; visible
可是 kěshì - but; however
可想而知 kěxiǎng ér zhī - it is obvious that
况且 kuàngqiě - moreover; besides; in addition
老实说 lǎoshí shuō - honestly speaking; truly
lián - (surname); even; as; join; to link; successively
另外 lìngwài - additional; in addition; besides; separate; other; moreover; furthermore
免得 miǎnde - so as not to; so as to avoid
nà - that; those
那么 nàme - like that; in that way; or so; so; so very much; about; in that case
宁可 nìngkě - it is the lesser of two evils to
宁肯 nìngkěn - would rather
其次 qícì - next; secondly
qiě - further; moreover
然而 rán'ér - however; yet; but
rú - as (if); such as
如果 rúguǒ - if; in case; in the event that
如果说 rúguǒ shuō - if we say
ruò - to seem; like; as; if
甚至 shènzhì - even; so much so that
省得 shěngde - (so as to) save
俗话说 sú huàshuō - according to the saying
虽然 suīrán - although; even though
虽说 suīshuō - though; although
所以 suǒyǐ - therefore; as a result; so
倘若 tǎngruò - provided
万一 wànyī - just in case; if by any chance; contingency
为了 wèile - in order to; for the purpose of; so as to
无论 wúlùn - no matter what, how; regardless of whether
无论如何 wúlùn rúhé - anyhow; anyway; whatever
显而易见 xiǎn ér yì jiàn - obviously; clearly; it's clear to see
想不到 xiǎng bùdào - unexpectedly
要不是 yào búshì - if it were not for; but for
要不 yàobù - otherwise; or; or else
要不然 yào bùrán - otherwise; or else; or
要么 yàome - either X or Y (used when given a choice between two things)
要么...要么... yàome ... yàome ... - if it's not A, it's B; either...or...
要是...就... yàoshì ... jiù ... - if...then...
要是 yàoshi - if
一般而言 yībān ér yán - generally speaking
一旦 yīdàn - in case (something happens); once (something becomes true, then
一方面 yī fāngmiàn - one aspect is
yǐ - to use; according to; so as to; in order to; by; with; because; Israel (abbrev.)
以便 yǐbiàn - so that; so as to; in order to
以及 yǐjí - as well as; too; and
以免 yǐmiǎn - in order to avoid; so as not to
以至 yǐzhì - down to; up to
以致 yǐzhì - to such an extent as to; with the result that
以至于 yǐ zhìyú - down to; up to; to the extent that...
yì - also
一般来说 yìbān láishuō - generally speaking
因此 yīncǐ - that is why; for that reason; therefore; for this reason
因而 yīn'ér - therefore; as a result; thus; and as a result,
因为 yīnwèi - because; owing to; on account of
由于 yóuyú - due to; as a result of; thanks to; because of; owing to
yòu - (once) again; also; both
于是 yúshì - thereupon; as a result; consequently; thus; hence
yǔ - and; to give; together with
与其 yǔqí - rather
越来越 yuèláiyuè - more and more
再说 zàishuō - what's more; besides
这样子 zhè yàngzi - in this way
只是 zhǐshì - merely; simply; only; but
只要 zhǐyào - if only; so long as
只有 zhǐyǒu - only
zhì - arrive; most; to; until
至于 zhìyú - go so far as to; as for; as to
总而言之 zǒng ér yán zhī - in short; in a word; in brief
总之 zǒngzhī - in a word; in short; in brief
纵使 zòngshǐ - although
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