Complete List of Terms and Definitions for chapter 27

Terms Definitions
Mark Twain and William James Among prominent Americans who opposed annexation of the Philippines were
false (true/false) . Alfred T. Mahan argued in his book that the control of colonies to provide raw materials and markets was the key to world history.
Chile South American nation that nearly came to blows with the United states in 1892 over and incident involving the deaths of American sailors
Grover Cleveland American president who refused to annex Hawaii on the grounds that the native ruler had been unjustly deposed
Manilla Bay Site of the dramatic American naval victory that led to U.S. acquisition of rich, Spanish-owned Pacific islands
false (true/false) The Hearst press worked to promote a peaceful, negotiated settlement involving Cuban self government under Spanish rule.
Yellow Fever Deadly tropical disease conquered during the Spanish-American War by Dr. Walter Reed and other American medical researchers
Walter Reed American doctor who led the medical efforts to conquer yellow fever during U.S. occupation of Cuba
William McKinley President who initially opposed war with Spain but eventually supported U.S. acquisition of the Philippines
President McKinley was reluctant to get into a war Even after the Maine exploded, the United States was slow to declare war on Cuba because
William James Harvard philosopher and one of the leading anti-imperialists opposing U.S. acquisition of the Philippines
the leader of Filipino insurgents against Spanish rule. Emilio Aguinaldo was
Yellow Journalism Term for the sensationalistic and jingoistic pro-war journalism practiced by W.R. Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer
Richard Olney Belligerent U.S. secretary of state who used the Monroe Doctrine to pressure Britain in the Venezuelan boundary crisis
true (true/false) President Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because he believed that the white planters there had unjustly deposed Queen Liliukalani.
false (true/false) The American military conquest of Cuba was efficient, but very costly in battlefield casualties.
false (true/false) The Supreme Court decided in the insular cases that American constitutional law and rights applied fully in the U.S. colonial possessions of Puerto Rico and the Philippines.
true (true/false) The Spanish-American War made the United States a full-fledged power in East Asia.
William R. Hearst Vigorous promoter of sensationalistic anti-Spanish propaganda and eager advocate of war
false (true/false) President McKinley tried to resist the pressure for war with Spain coming from business- people and Wall Street financiers.
George E. Dewey Naval commander whose spectacular May Day victory in 1898 opened the doors to American imperialism in Asia
true (true/false) Americans strongly sympathized with the Cubans' revolt against imperialist Spain.
Josiah Strong American clergyman who preached Anglo-Saxon superiority and called for stronger U.S. missionary effort overseas
a combination of religious piety and material economic interests President William McKinley based his decision to make the Philippines an American colony on
Theodore Roosevelt Imperialist advocate, aggressive assistant navy secretary, Rough Rider
William Randolph Hearst's sensational newspaper accounts of Spanish atrocities in Cuba. Even before the sinking of the Maine, the American public's indignation at Spain had been whipped into a frenzy by
Monroe Doctrine The principle of American foreign policy invoked by Secretary of State Olney to justify American intervention in the Venezuelan boundary dispute
White planters had illegally overthrown Queen Liliuokalani against the wishes of most native Hawaiians. President Grover Cleveland refused to annex Hawaii because
Emilio Aguinaldo Leader of the Filipino insurgents who aided Americans in defeating Spain and taking Manila
patriotism and economic opportunities Pro-imperialist Americans argued that the Philippines should be seized because of
Queen Liliuokalani Native Hawaiian ruler overthrown in a revolution led by white planters and aided by U.S. troops
Teller Amendment Amendment to the declaration of war with Spain that stated the United States would grant Cubans their freedom
Americans sympathized with Cuban rebels in their fight for freedom from Spanish rule. Americans first became concerned with the situation in Cuba because
Rough Riders Colorful volunteer regiment of the Spanish-American War led by a militarily inexperienced but politically influential colonel
bad food, disease, and unsanitary conditions The largest cause of American deaths in Cuba was
Pearl Harbor Valuable naval base acquired by the United Stated from the Hawaiian government in 1887
the need to find new African and Asian sources of raw materials for American industry Which of the following was not among the factors propelling America toward overseas expansion in the 1890s?
William Jennings Bryan Leading Democratic politician whose intervention narrowly tipped the Senate vote in favor of acquiring the Philippines in 1899
British retreat and growing American-British friendship. The final result of the Venezuela-Guiana crisis with Britain was
the United States had the right to intervene with troops and maintain military bases in Cuba The Platt Amendment provided that
false (true/false) America remained concerned about key international developments in the 1870s and 1880s.
Samoan Islands Remote Pacific site of a naval clash between the United States and Germany in 1889
Leonard Wood Military commander of the Rough Riders in Cuba, who later organized the efficient American military government of Cuba
He had been ordered to do so by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt. As soon as the U.S. declared war on Spain, Commodore George Dewey sailed to the Philippine Islands because
Anti-Imperialistic Legion Group that battled against American colonization of the Philippines, which includes such influential citizens as Mark Twain and Andrew Carnegie
Platt Amendment American-imposed restriction written into the constitution of Cuba that guaranteed American naval bases on the island and declared that the United States had the right to intervene in Cuba
Insular Cases Supreme Court cases of 1901 that determined that the U.S. Constitution did not apply in all territories under the American flag
false (true/false) The treaty to annex the Philippines was approved by a wide margin in the Senate.
arguing that sea power was the key to world domination Alfred Thayer Mahan promoted American overseas expansion by
"Butcher" Weyler Spanish general whose brutal tactics against Cuban rebels outraged American public opinion
Alfred Thayer Mahan American naval officer who wrote influential books emphasizing sea power and advocating a big navy
true (true/false) Admiral Dewey's squadron attacked Spanish forces in the Philippines because of secret orders given by Assistant Navy Secretary Theodore Roosevelt.
Our Country Book written by a Protestant minister that proclaimed the superiority of Anglo-Saxon civilization
false (true/false) The South American boundary dispute in 1895-1896 nearly resulted in a U.S. war with Venezuela.
true (true/false) American forces were aided in capturing Manila by native Filipinos who were rebelling against Spain.
Maine American battleship sent on a "friendly" visit to Cuba that ended in disaster and war
true (true/false) President McKinley was partially motivated by religion in his decision to keep the Philippines.
Puerto Rico In addition to Cuba, American forces successfully seized the Spanish-owned Caribbean colony of
false (true/false) The Venezuelan boundary dispute was resolved when the United States backed away because of its growing conflict with Germany.
Puerto Rico The Caribbean island conquered from Spain in 1898 that became an important American colony