Complete List of Terms and Definitions for Am. History

Terms Definitions
surplus extra
horse shoebend andy jackson
Toussaint L'Overture Haitian slave revolution
Warren G. Harding president 1921
New England Puritans-wanted own religious freedom
fished/lumber, Bible, Seperatists
*self-gov't
propaganda biased communication designed to influence people's thoughts and actions
Renaissance A period of art and music.
Puritans group of english protestants who settled the massachusetts bay colony
47. tariff tax on foreign made goods
Central Pacific Lays tracks eastward (transcontinental railroad)
Korean War The conflict between Communist North Korea and Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea.
Henry the Navigator started world exploration for Portugal
monopoly complete control of a product or service (pg.240)
Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) founded by Marcus Garvey
james oglethorpe i founded the colony of georgia
What is not a cause of WWI Industrialism
Folk governor of Missouri that worked on breaking up political machines
21.5 Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote Uncle Toms Cabin. Anti-slavery novel. 1851
militia army of citizens who serve as soldiers during an emergency
Lewis and Clark Jefferson sent these two people, including Patrick Gass, and they set off to explore the new territory. They brought back valuable information and should the transcontinental travel was possible
NAWSA the NWSA later became the NAWSA after merging with another group. women's suffrage faced many oppositions. for example the liquor industry feared women would vote for prohibition, textile industry feared women would vote against child labor.
Transcontinental Railroad Railway extending from coast to coast. (p.230)
theodore roosevelt known as "Teddy Roosevelt" was our 26th president. He liked to show off our power to other countries. one of his most famous quotes was, "speek softly but always carry a big stick."
Anaconda Plan Union war plan by Winfield Scott, called for blockade of southern coast, capture of Richmond, capture Mississippi R, and to take an army through heart of south
keynesianism refers to john maynard keynes, who in the 1920s and 1930s argued for government intervention in the economy, believing that government expansion and contraction of the money supply could stimulate economic growth....
64. mechanization using machines to do work formerly done by humans or animals
bonus march Group of WWI veterans who were supposed to be given economic relief from the government due to their involvement in the war. However, in 1932 the deadline for the veterans was pushed back by the government to a latter date thus causing the group to march onto Washington to demand their money. Excessive force was used to disband these protesters, and because they were veterans and heroes of this country, Hoover's popularity plummeted because of it.
tipi what kind of housing did the plains people have?
consumer goods goods produced for use by individuals as opposed to use by business
What was social darwinism? when social darwinists believed that white men were better than black men.
Panic of 1819 First major financial crisis in the United States, ends post-War of 1812 expansion
north west passage Water route that explorers hoped would flow through North America, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific oceans.
tariff of 1832 a slightly lower tariff compared to the Tariff of 1828. It fell short of the South's demands
edison
wizard of menlo park
one of the most influential americans.
called ____________________
Battle of Stalingrad Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
"Slave power conspiracy" the north accused the south of engaging in a conspiracy to spread slavery throughout the US and destroy northern capitalism.
Juan Ponce de Leon Florida, looking for the fountain of youth
Seven Years War The fighting in America helped start a new war in Europe.
gold rush a movement of many people to a region in which gold has been discovered.
Intolerable Acts A series of laws set up by Parliament to punish Massachusetts for its protests against the British
Cheif Joseph Led a group of refugees on a trek of more than 1,300 miles to Canada.
Where did the Missouri compromise ban slavery? north of the 36/30 latitude line
What happened to women's jobs during the 40s and 50s? majority loose jobs to the soldiers returning from WW2
Veto Reject
Article #1 Congress 
julius caesar 1st triumvirate
civl servant government officials
-How did it end?-
RUling family of Austria Haspburg
koran/ qu'ran the islamic sacred book.
mojority more than 50% of votes
MALCOM X STRIKE BACK BLACK ACTIVIST
Caesar Julius 100–44 B.C.E., Roman general, statesman, and historian. a title of the Roman emperors from Augustus to Hadrian, and later of the heirs presumptive.
Boccaccio Italian poet (born in France) (1313-1375)
Blood feuds Long standings quarrels between families
a set of run-down, overcrowded apartments tenements
250s valerian- second great persecution of the christians
Alliance an agreement between parties that benifits them both.
What government that included Socialists and Communists won a major election? Popular Front
Capitalism idea that one person/company invests money in something and sell to someone who wants it for more to gain a profit
Interchangeable Parts Identical parts that can be interchanged with each other thereby speeding up repair and assembly
Ku Klux Klan white supremacists reactionary group, grew huge during 1920s
manorialism Economic system during the Middle Ages that revolved around self-sufficient farming estates where lords and peasants shared the land.
City-State a city with political and economic control over the surrounding countryside
George Stephenson 1814: steam-propelled engine that ran on wheels, 5 mph
King Ibn Saud Declared nation of Saudi Arabia
Green Revolution? Attempt to increase food resources worldwide
suburbs neighborhoods on the outer edges of cities
Search Warrant A judge's order authorizing a search.
1498 Vasco da Gama reaches India, brings back spices
According to the Latins, this brother founded Rome Romulus
where did the civil war begin? fort sumter
Bering Strait what people crossed when migrating to the Americas; land bridge
In 1952, for the first time since record keeping began seventy years earlier, no _________ took place in the United States. Lynchings
Riza-i-Abbasi most famous artist of the Safavid Era, Persian painter, exquisite works on simple subjects
English Reformation church of England first broke away from pope of Roman Catholic Church/ Henry VIII wanted to annul marriage begins Anglican church
Caesaropapism powers of caesar and the pope, given to the byzantine emperor for adminstrative duties in the church
Munich Conference When the League of Nations allowed Germany to take the Sudetenland to keep peace
Cold War a confilct between the united states and the soviet union.
David Ricardo wrote an econ-formulated iron wall of wages, surplus pop=more workers than job
Captain Johansen Courageous platoon leader of the Alpha Company during the Vietnam War in 1967. Tim O’Brien’s hero.
Rachel Carson was an American marine biologist and nature writer whose writings are credited with advancing the global environmental movement.
Atharva-Veda charms and spells for use by ordinary people
The president of the United States from 1929 to 1932 He was a republican who ran on a campaign of prohibition and prosperity. The early years of his presidency brought about a great deal of prosperity for the United States. Many people blamed him for the Herbert Hoover–
Good Neighbor Policy FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region
Missouri Compromise Line The line that settled the Southern border of Missouri at the 36 parallel
Mary Wollstonecraft (2) - English writer and early feminist who denied male supremacy and advocated equal education for women.
- She argued that Enlightenment ideas should also be extended to women.
The Critical Period The Congress of the Articles couldn't carry out threats against foreign enemies or pass trade regulations. The paper money in the colonies was almost worthless, and Congress could not pay back debts because they couldn't tax.
Who made a famous pilgrimage to Mecca in 1334? Mansa Musa
Embargo Act (1807) Enacted in response to British and French mistreatment of American merchants, the Act banned the export of all goods from the United States to any foreign port. The embargo placed great strains on the American economy while only marginally affecting its European targets, and was therefore repealed in 1809.
free trade A system of trade policy that allows traders to act and or transact without interference from government; according to the law of comparative advantage the policy permits trading partners mutual gains from trade of goods and services
The Federal Reserve Board *They imposed public regulation on this regional structure of twelve district reserve banks that were funded and controlled by their member banks.*They were also authorized to issue currency - federal reserve notes based on assets within the system, thus resolving the paralyzing cash shortages experienced during the runs on the banks.*Also, the Federal Reserve Board was given authority to set the discount rate (the interest rate) charged by the district reserve banks to the member banks and thereby the flow of credit to the general public.
What two languages did students learn during colonial times? Greek and Latin
absolute monarchy a monarchy that is not limited or restrained by laws or a constitution.
Vladimir Lenin Who was the Russian leader who came to power during WWI and pushed his country out of war?
What happened when Charlemagne's 3 grandsons took over? They fought over the empire
west bank, golan heights Portions of land that have and continue to cause conflict in the region.
New Stock Immigrants a new wave of American immigrants in the late 1800s, primarily from Southern and Eastern Europe; many were fleeing discrimination, political oppression, and/or economic distress; this new wave spoke and looked different than the “old stock” immigrants, and as a result, were often discriminated against in America
Anticolonial war in Vietnam Viet Minh vs. French and conservative allies. The french lost a major defeat at Dien Bien Phu. Geneva congerence divided the country into communist north and noncommunist south
GI Bill of Rights Law Passed in 1944 to help returning veterans buy homes and pay for higher education
CUNEIFORM
(definition and meaning and historical significance)
- a system of writing
 
- means "wedge shaped"
 
- it was a step forward in developing written language
equality for new and old states. The North West ordinance of 1787 established what precedent for new territories.
How was the Byzantine Empire related to the Roman Empire? a continuation of the Roman Empire
What was the American party? What was another name for the American party? combination of Whigs and Democrats; ?
Iroquois women's positiojns of power in their communities included what? To choose 50 men who served on the league council
what was made of 28 councilmen and the 2 kings?what were councilmen?what did they do? council or senate (apella)
men over 60 and elected for life by the citizens
they acted as judges and proposed laws to the citizens' assembly
halfbreeds republican
Woody Guthrie
Frederick Douglass Black Abolitionist
Apuleius MetamotphOsEs "Transformations" Cupid and Psyche
In middle of the 2nd centaury CE, there was a stable period in Rome under a series of good emperors - Hadrian, Antonius Pius, and Marcus Aurelius (117-180 CE)
Latin literature developed a taste for "archaism" (use of rare or obsolete words and expressions from early Latin)
Major work with archaizing trend if the "Golden A.." or MetamorphOsEs "Transformations"
Along with Satyricon or Petronius, which was likely written at the time of Nero, it is one of the two examples that have survived of the ancient novel in Latin .
Story of Lucius, a Greek whose excessive curiosity turns him into a donkey.
What were frigates? War ships
Synagogue where Jewish people worship
Lifetime of Jesus 4 BCE-30 CE
Solidarity -Polish Trade Union Federation-First major anti-communist organization-Solidarity's influence led to the intensification and spread of anti-communist ideals and movements throughout the countries of the Eastern Bloc, weakening their communist governments
Metacom

Philip "King Philip"
Led Algonkin fight against the English
Educated for a time in English schools
Originally thought everyone should get along, but European encroachment withdrew that thought
Early 1670's English made Philip give up control of his area
Anti-Federalists Opponents of ratification of the Constitution and of a strong central government generally.
Roosevelt Corollary President Theodore Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine, in which he declared that the United States had the right to exercise " police power" throughout the Western Hemisphere
Gregory VII Pope who bans Lay Investiture.
learning about the past geography, history, anthropology
Michaelangeo (1475-1564) David(1501-04) the ideal human beingplatonistsisten chapel
Shakers Protestant Religious group, Mother Ann Lee was leader, first located in England 1747, strict believers in Celibacy and decicated to pursuing perfection and ridding themselves of Sin. They did not have sexual relations with anybody.
1832 election jackson veto's second charter, becomes issue for election. didn't think jackson would win, but he does
suleiman sultan of the Ottoman Empire 1520–66.
Emancipation Proclamation (Abraham Lincoln) Declared the freedom of all slaves in any state of the Confederate States of America that did not return to Union control by January 1, 1863
Louisiana Purchase Spanish give Louisiana to France; Jefferson threatens to make alliance with Britain to get New Orleans port; Bonaparte sells huge amount of land for 15 million
Calvinism Theology led by John Calvin which preached for predestination against the roman catholic church.
Embark to go aboard; to make a start
animism belief that spirits exist in many things like animals, natire, and dreams
Precinct Captains assigned a certain neighborhood. That guy then goes around helping a family buying clothes, food etc. for them. He might show up for a funeral or a festival , & go to church & even help get people jobs in the city. He does all this in he name of the political machine.
25th Amendment


 


 

In case of death or resignation:
 1. The president names the new VP. The choice must be acceptable to a majority of both the House and Senate. (Majority vote.) It has been used twice:
 
a. Nixon choose Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew (who pleaded ―no contest‖ to taking bribes when he was a public official in Maryland).
 
 b. Ford then named Nelson Rockefeller as VP after Nixon resigned.
In 1967, Congress passed the
zachary taylor president; led the americans into battle with the mexicans
excommunication religious censure used to deprive or suspend membership in a religious community.
Benito Mussolini the head of the facist party
Protectorate country that deals with another country's natural affairs and protects it militarily
canaan the ancient region lying between the Jordan, the Dead Sea, and the Mediterranean: the land promised by God to Abraham. Gen. 12:5–10.
the three types of charter are? propriety company royal
Most controversial issue at Seneca Falls Convention suffrage for women
Chronological arranged in order of time (or when things occurred)
Pax Romana A period of peace and prosperity throughout the Roman Empire, lasting from 27 B.C. to A.D. 180.
the worth of a country is determined by monetary values Mercantilism
Philip II king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC)
mainstream media Mainstream media (MSM) are media that reflects the mainstream
Brook Farm (1841-1846) Transcendentalist commune founded by a group of intellectuals, who emphasized living plainly while pursuing the life of the mind. The community fell into debt and dissolved when their communal home burned to the ground in 1846.
Manhattan Project Secret american program to develop an atomic bomb.
studying body structure Galen emphasized the importance of _____
Northwest passage water route through North America to Asia
tidewater the waters in rivers and streams that rises and falls every day, with the tide
Great Depression *After the stock market crashed the value of the US market dropped from $87 billion to $30 billion *15 million US workers were left unemployed *5,000 banks collapsed *Many Americans had to wait in bread and soup lines *Suicide rates increased *Led to global economic crisis
the pale of settlement definition: in 1795-1835 laws confined russian jews to the district called the "pale of settlements" located around western and southern russia and northeastern poland. laws governing jewish life in the pale became very restrictive. jewish farmers forced to leave homes and live in these towns/villages/shtetls. idea was to group jews together so you could keep an eye on them.
significance: This was significant because this discrimination in Russia was a reason for russian jews to leave and come to america
significance: also, teddy roosevelt wanted to stop violence against jews so he complained to the czar. he did this to help them, but also to stop them from coming to the states
edict of worms When Charles V exiled or outlawed Luther from The Holy Roman Empire or any of it's other lands.
Peace of God What church decree to knights forbade the pillaging of her property and extended protection to all noncombatants in society?
Anti-Mason Party The first third party, The Masons were a super secret society that many upper class people were a part of. When William Morgan was rejected from the Masons he built on the rising suspicion that the Masons were secretly running the country to spread anti-Mason propaganda and eventually form the party. Although this party was unsuccessful it is notable as the first party to hold a national convention.
Natufian Society characteristics Lived in modern Israel and Jordan, gathered wild wheat, herding
Harriet Beecher Stowe author of Uncle Tom's Cabin; an abolitionist that wanted to fight the Compromise of 1850
Each branch of government is subject to restraints from the other branches. Cheacks and balances
village priest - sent out to live among villagers- rely on them to take care of his fields
What was Baghdad during the Muslim Empires? center for learning
Mary McLeod Bethune taught AA children / became involved with numerous AA groups including the NAACP and the Urban League / became a close friend of Eleanor Roosevelt
Louis XIV King of France, known as the Sun King. He built the Palace of Versilles as means to consolidate power; a series of wars at the end of his long reign drained France's Wealth.
imperial powers countries that are run by a king or queen and own a lot of land
Federal Emergency Relief Administration furnished funds to state and local agency to provide relief for the unemployed
What happened to the American army at Charleston, S.C. in 1780? -Worst American defeat
Restriced it. How did the Ming and Qing deal with foreign trade?
1919 Red Scare One Italian dude sets off a bomb, and suddenly all foreigners are commies.
George Louis Leclerc Comte de Buffon
1707-1788
Where: France
Who: was a French naturalist, mathematician, cosmologist and encyclopedic author
What: He introduced differential and integral calculus into probability theory. Discussed the orgins of the solar system, based on cooling rate of iron he estimated the earth's birth.
Why: Looked at the similarties of Human to ape, and despite the simliar enviroments, regions have diff. plants and animals. Also, the theory of common decent.This led to Charles Darwin's ideas.
what was the exclusion bill? wanted to stop the brother of charles II from taking the throne because he was catholic
gave a blank check to what country? Kaiser Wilhelm II to Austria hungary
Although there were some abolitionists in the south, why did the majority live in the north? An abolitionist in the south would be in danger because they were rebelling against the southern way of life.
What are examples of how national organizations were breaking into sectional parts by 1860? The Methodist Church divided in 1844. The American Party split in 1855. The Presbyterian Church split in 1837. The Baptists separated in 1845.
During the age of Jackson the number of voters increased because____________ Men no longer had to own land to be eligable to vote