Complete List of Terms and Definitions for MUFFLEY'S FINAL EXAM

Terms Definitions
1. THE CHARACTER OF THE FIRST ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS IN THE NEW WORLD.. DIFFERED SUBSTANTIALLY FROM COLONY TO COLONY FROM THE VERY BEGINNING OF COLONIZATION
2. PURITANS VIEWED WHAT AS ESSENTIAL TO THEIR NEW ENGLAND COMMONWEALTH ? **A HEALTHY FAMILY LIFE**
3. THE EXPLANATION FOR THE TREMENDOUS POPULATION GROWTH OF 17TH CENTURY NEW ENGLAND CAN BE FOUND IN THE LONG LIVES OF NEW ENGLAND SETTLERS
4. NEW ENGLAND FAMILIES DIFFERED FROM THOSE OF OTHER ENGLISH COLONIES IN THAT THEY OFTEN INCLUDED GRANDPARENTS
5. IN NEW ENGLAND, WOMEN OUTNUMBERED MEN IN THE CHURCH BY TWO TO ONE
6. the society created by puritans in new England copied the social order they had left behind in England
7. SUMPTUARTY LAWS PROHIBITED THE POOR OR UNDERCLASS FROM WEARING FINE CLOTHES
8. THE MOST IMPORTANT REASON FOR THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE NEW ENGLAND AND CHESAPEAKE COLONIES WAS BASED ON THE MUCH HIGHER MORALITY RATE OF THE CHESAPEAKE COLONIES
9.COMPARED TO NEW ENGLAND, CHESAPEAKE SOCIETY POSSESSED FEWER FAMILIES
10. BY THE LATE 1600S, THE GAP BETWEEN RICH AND POOR IN WHITE CHESAPEAKE SOCIETY STEADILY WIDENED
11. OF THE ESTIMATED 11 MILLION AFRICAN SLAVES CARRIED TO AMERICA, THE GREAT MAJORITY WERE SENT TO BRAZIL AND THE CARIBBEAN
12. IN THE EARLY 17TH CENTURY , VIRGINIA'S BLACKS WERE SOMETIMES INDENTURED SERVANTS
13. DURING THE COLONIAL PERIOD, MOST OF THE SLAVES SENT TO THE NORTH AMERICAN COLONIES WERE SUPPLIED BY THE BRITISH
14. THE LARGEST GROUP OF WHITE, NON-ENGLISH IMMIGRANTS TO THE COLONIES WERE THE SCOTS-IRISH
15. BACKCOUNTRY COMMUNITIES BOTH
OFTEN FOUND THEMSELVES LIVING BEYOND THE EFFECTIVE AUTHORITY OF COLONIAL GOVERNMENTS
&
DEVELOPED A CULTURE WITH A DEEPLY ROOTED MORAL CHARACTER
16. THE "MIDDLE GROUND" WAS AN AREA WHERE WHITE AND INDIANS INTERACTED ON AN APPROXIMATELY EQUAL BASIS
17. FOR MANY AMERICANS, THE MAIN APPEAL OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT WAS ITS FOCUS ON SEARCHING FOR USEFUL, PRACTICAL KNOWLEDGE
18. THE ONE AMERICAN WHO, MORE THAN ANYONE ELSE, SYMBOLIZED THE SPIRIT OF THE ENLIGHTENMENT WAS BEN FRANKLIN
19. A MAJOR FINANCIAL PROBLEM THAT CONFRONTED MID18TH CENTURY AMERICA INVOLVED THE HEAVY DEBT OWED TO THE BRITISH
20. THE TWO MOST IMPORTANT LEADERS OF THE GREAT AWAKENING IN COLONIAL AMERICA WERE JONATHAN EDWARDS AND GEORGE WHITEFIELD
21. FOLLOWERS OF THE GREAT AWAKENING, WHO EMPHASIZED A POWERFUL, EMOTIONAL RELIGION, WERE KNOWN AS "NEW LIGHTS"
22. WHICH COLLEGE WAS NOT ESTABLISHED AS A RESULT OF THE GREAT AWAKENING? COLUMBIA
23. A MAJOR SOURCE OF POLITICAL INFORMATION IN THE COLONIES CAME IN THE FORM OF WEEKLY JOURNALS
24. WHICH WAR BETWEEN ENGLAND AND FRANCE HAD THE GREATEST POLITICAL AND ECONOMIC IMPACT ON COLONIAL AMERICA? THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR (FRENCH&INDIAN WAR)
25. WHAT IDENTIFIES THE STRONGEST INFLUENCE ON 18TH CENTURY COLONIAL AMERICANS? THEY COULD NOT ESCAPE THE ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL INFLUENCE OF BRITAIN
26. WHAT WAS THE MAIN MOTIVATION THAT BROUGHT SO MANY SCOTS-IRISH TO AMERICA IN THE 1700S? THEY CAME IN SEARCH OF FREEDOM AND PROSPERITY, TWO THINGS THEY LACKED IN IRELAND
27. HOW DID EARLY SPANISH OUTPOSTS IN NORTH AMERICA COMPARE TO EARLY ENGLISH SETTLEMENTS? THE SPANISH OUTPOST GREW MORE SLOWLY DUE TO THE HARSH ENVIRONMENT AND THREATS OF NATIVE AMERICANS
28. WHAT HAPPENED AS A RESULT OF THE GROWTH OF THE 18TH CENTURY COLONIAL ECONOMY? BRITISH CONSUMERS STIMULATED PRODUCTION OF AMERICAN SUGAR AND TOBACCO
29. WHY DID THE BALANCE OF TRADE BETWEEN ENGLAND AND THE COLONIES TURN DRAMATICALLY IN ENGLAND'S FAVOR BY THE MID 18TH CENTURY? DUE TO ENORMOUS DEMAND IN THE COLONIES FOR BRITISH FINISHED PRODUCTS
30. WHAT BEST CHARACTERIZES THE PRIMARY MESSAGE OF JONATHAN EDWARDS IN HIS PREACHING? THAT THE ETERNAL FATE OF INDIVIDUALS WAS DETERMINED AT BIRTH
31. WHY DID TENSION ARISE BETWEEN COLONIAL CONGREGATIONS OF THE 1740S AND 1750S? EVANGELICAL PREACHERS BEGAN TO CHALLENGE TRADITIONAL PREACHING
32. COLONIAL LEGISLATORS SAW THEIR PRIMARY FUNCTION AS PREVENTING ENCROACHMENTS ON THE PEOPLE'S RIGHTS
33. WHICH WAS NOT A MAJOR CONCERN OF MEMBERS OF COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES WORKING CLOSELY WITH THE COLONIAL GOVERNMENT
34. WHICH BEST DESCRIBES THE CHANGE IN COLONIAL WARFARE DURING THE 18TH CENTURY INSTEAD OF BEING INVOLVED IN LOCAL WARS WITH NATIVE AMERICANS, THE COLONISTS BECAME INVOLVED WITH THE WARS BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE
35. BY THE MID-1700S, THE COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES WERE GAINING STEADILY IN POWER
36. WHAT DID THE GREAT AWAKENING, INTERCOLONIAL TRADE, AND THE RISE OF THE COLONIAL ASSEMBLIES HAVE IN COMMON? THEY CONTRIBUTED TO A GROWING SENSE OF SHARED IDENTITY
37. HOW DID THE INCREASE IN BRITISH IMPORTS TO THE COLONIES IN THE 1700S AFFECT AMERICAN CULTURE? THE SAME BRITISH GOODS WERE SOLD THROUGH OUT THE COLONIES, WHICH GAVE COLONISTS A COLLECTIVE
38. WHICH STATEMENT IS THE BEST INTERPRETATION OF THIS SENTENCE FROM PAGE 109? "FOR THE BRITISH", 'AMERICAN' WAS A WAY OF SAYING 'NOT QUITE ENGLISH'" THE BRITISH REGARDED COLONISTS A SECOND-CLASS CITIZENS AND DID NOT CONSIDER THEM EQUAL TO BRITISH CITIZENS
39. AT THE END OF THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR, AMERICAN COLONISTS COULD BE CHARACTERIZED BEST AS OPTIMISTIC ABOUT THE FUTURE
40. GEORGE III BELIEVED THE MONARCH SHOULD MAKE POLICIES FOR THE EMPIRE
41. THE CENTRAL ISSUE IN THE ANGLO-AMERICANS DEBATE OVER GOVERNANCE WAS PARLIAMENTARY SOVEREIGNTY
42. IN THE 1760S AND 1770S COLONIST VIEWED THE POLITICAL STRUGGLE WITH BRITAIN IN TERMS OF GOOD AGAINST EVIL
43. THE ENGLISH POLITICAL PHILOSOPHER MOST OFTEN CITED BY AMERICAN REBELS WAS JOHN LOCKE
44.A MAJOR SOURCE OF INFORMATION OR THE COLONIST WAS NEWSPAPERS
45. WHICH PROHIBITED COLONIAL SETTLEMENT WEST OF THE APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS PROCLAMATION OF 1763
46. THE RADICAL AMERICAN GROUP THAT FIRST EMERGED DURING THE STAMP ACT CRISIS WAS KNOWN AS THE SONS OF LIBERTY
47. THE STAMP ACT OF 1765 AFFECTED ORDINARY PEOPLE, AS WELL AS THE ELITE
48. THE BOYCOTT MOVEMENT AGAINST THE STAMP ACT MOBILIZED COLONIAL WOMEN TO ACTION
49. THE FUNDAMENTAL ISSUE LEADING TO THE BOSTON MASSACRE IN 1770 WAS THE PRESENCE OF SO MANY BRITISH TROOPS IN AMERICAN CITIES
50. THE BOSTON MASSACRE RAISED THE POSSIBILITY OF COLONIAL ARMED RESISTANCE
51. THE AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE WAS THOMAS JEFFERSON
52. THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE BOTH
STATED THAT ALL MEN "CREATED EQUAL"
&
BLAMED GEORGE III FOR MUCH OF THE IMPASSE
53. THE AMERICAN VICTORY THAT LED TO THE FRENCH ALLIANCE OCCURRED AT SARATOGA
54. WHOSE ACTIVITIES WERE ESSENTIAL TO THE ESTABLISHMENT OF COLONIAL ALLIANCE WITH THE FRENCH BEN FRANKLIN
55. HOW DID ORDINARY COLONISTS RESPOND AFTER THE WEALTHY ELITE HAD INITIATED THE AMERICAN REBELLION THEY TURNED AN ELITE MOVEMENT INTO A MASS MOVEMENT
56. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING LINKED RELIGIOUS IDEAS TO THE PRACTICE OF GOVERNMENT THE GREAT AWAKENING
57. WHAT WAS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT CONSEQUENCE OF THE SEVEN YEARS' WAR BRITAIN'S STAGGERING WAR DEBT
58. WHAT WAS THE MOST IMPORTANT RESPONSIBILITY FACING THE SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS TO ORGANIZE THE COLONIES FOR WAR
59. WHAT WAS SIGNIFICANT OF THOMAS PAINE'S COMMON SENSE IT PROVIDED THE COLONISTS WITH A RATIONALE FOR REVOLUTION
60. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING EXPLAINS WHY ENGLAND LOST THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR BRITISH STRATEGISTS DID NOT UNDERSTAND HOW TO FIGHT THE WAR
61. WHAT WAS THE ROLE OF THE COLONIAL MILITIAS THEY MAINTAINED POLITICAL CONTROL IN AREAS NOT OCCUPIED BY BRITISH TROOPS
62. WHY DID MANY AFRICAN AMERICANS IN THE NORTH TAKE UP ARMS TO FIGHT THE BRITISH THEY FELT THAT THE AMERICANS WERE LIKELY TO FREE THEM FROM SLAVERY IF THEY SIDED WITH THEM
63. WHAT DID MILITARY STRATEGISTS IN 1779 PREDICT WOULD BE BRITAIN'S LAST CHANCE FOR VICTORY OVER THE COLONIES A SUCCESSFUL CAMPAIGN IN THE AMERICAN SOUTH
64. WHICH EVEN MARKED THE END OF THE MILITARY PHASE OF THE WAR CORNWALLIS'S SURRENDER AT YORKTOWN
65. AMERICAN LOYALISTS, WHO SIDED WITH THE BRITISH DURING THE WAR OF INDEPENDENCE CAME FROM ALL OCCUPATIONS AND SOCIAL CLASSES
66. AFTER THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR, WHY DID MANY AMERICAN LOYALISTS, WHO RETURNED TO ENGLAND, FEEL BETRAYED THEY WERE TREATED AS SECOND CLASS CITIZENS IN ENGLAND
67. WHAT WAS THE SIGNIFICANCE OF THE TREATY OF PARIS OF 1783 IT ALLOWED AMERICANS THE OPPORTUNITY FOR AN INDEPENDENT NATION
68. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS NOT A KEY BENEFIT OF THE TREATY OF PARIS FOR THE UNITED STATES THE RIGHTS TO FLORIDA
69. WHAT WAS THE MOST SIGNIFICANT OUTCOME OF THE BOSTON MASSACRE IT DEMONSTRATED TO THE THE COLONISTS THAT BRITISH TROOPS WOULD RESORT TO VIOLENCE TO RESTORE ORDER IN THE COLONIES
70. WHAT DOES THE FOLLOWING QUOTE BY BEN FRANKLIN SIGNIFY? " THE AMERICAN WAR IS OVER, BUT THIS IS FAR FROM BEING THE CASE WITH THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION. ON THE CONTRARY, NOTHING BUT THE FIRST ACT OF THE GREAT DRAMA IS CLOSED." THE WAR WAS MERELY THE FIRST STEP IN THE COLONISTS' MOVE TOWARD ESTABLISHING A TRULY INDEPENDENT NATION
71. AS UNDERSTOOD IN THE LATE 1700S, A REPUBLIC WAS A SYSTEM IN WHICH ULTIMATE POLITICAL AUTHORITY IS VESTED IN THE PEOPLE
72. JOHN DICKINSON'S 1776 PLAN FOR A NEW UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT REVOLVED AROUND THE CONCEPT OF A STRONG CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
73. THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION JEALOUSLY GUARDED STATE SOVEREIGNTY AT THE EXPENSE OF NATIONAL POWER
74. THE THREE-FIFTHS RULE CONCERNED THE ISSUE OF WHETHER TO COUNT SLAVES AS PART OF THE POPULATION
75. THE PROPOSED NEW CONSTITUTION OF 1787 CALLED FOR THE ELECTION OF A PRESIDENT BY ELECTORAL COLLEGE
76. THE AUTHOR OF THE ORIGINAL PROPOSAL FOR THE BILL OF RIGHTS WAS JAMES MADISON
77. HOW DID THE DEBATE BETWEEN PUBLIC MORALITY AND PRIVATE FREEDOM MIRROR POLITICAL DEBATE IN THE 1780S AMERICANS DEFENDED INDIVIDUAL RIGHTS BUT BELIEVED THAT A SOCIETY WITHOUT VIRTUE COULDN'T PRESERVE LIBERTY AND INDEPENDENCE
78. WHAT WAS THE EFFECT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION ON SLAVERY INITIALLY, THE WAR HAD LITTLE AFFECT ON SLAVERY AT ALL
79. HOW WAS SLAVERY AN OBVIOUS CONTRADICTION TO THE PRINCIPLES OF THE AMERICAN REPUBLIC AMERICANS CLAIMED TO BE FIGHTING FOR FREEDOM, BUT STILL ENSLAVED OTHERS
80. WHAT DID WOMEN GAIN AS A RESULT OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION WOMEN GAINED EDUCATION, NEW DIVORCE LAWS, AND SOME ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES
81. WHY DID THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION GIVE STATES MORE POWER THAN THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT THE DELEGATES BELIEVED THAT POWERFUL CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS WERE DANGEROUS
82. HOW DID THE QUESTION OF SLAVERY IMPACT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION IT THREATENED TO DISRUPT AND DESTROY THE WORK OF THE CONVENTION
83. HOW DID THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION AFFECT SLAVERY IT PERMITTED CONGRESS TO OUTLAW THE IMPORTATION OF SLAVES IN 1808
84. why did the new constitution of 1787 call for the election of a president by electoral college SO THAT NO STATE WOULD HAVE MORE POWER THAN ANOTHER NO MATTER ITS SIZE
85. WHY DID THOSE WHO CAMPAIGNED ACTIVELY FOR RATIFICATION OF THE CONSTITUTION CALL THEMSELVES "FEDERALIST" THE TERM SUGGESTED THAT THEY STOOD FOR A CONFEDERATION OF THE STATES AND NOT FOR A SUPREME NATIONAL AUTHORITY
86. WHY WERE ANTI FEDERALISTS CONCERNED ABOUT THE NEW CONSTITUTION THEY BELIEVED THAT LEGISLATORS SHOULD BE INSULATED FROM POLITICAL PRESSURE
87. HOW DID THE BILL OF RIGHTS OF 1789 PROTECT ONLY SOME INDIVIDUAL FREEDOMS THEY PROTECTED THE FREEDOMS OF SPEECH, RELIGION,PRESS,TRIAL,BEARING ARMS, AND SEARCHES BUT DID NOT GRANT RIGHTS TO NON-WHITE MALES
88. HOW DOES THE MODERN BILL OF RIGHT COMPARE TO THAT OF 1789 THE MODERN ONE ALLOWS FOR FREEDOM DESPITE ETHNICITY, RACE, GENDER,OR SEXUAL ORIENTATION-- PROVISIONS THAT WERE NOT MADE IN 1789