Documents about Abnormal Psych

  • 6 Pages

    12-1_Externalizing_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Background Many types ADHD Oppositional Defiant Disorder Tourette Disorder Others Externalizing Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Includes disorders with behaviors that are disruptive and often aggressive Cause concerns to parents and teachers Kids break rules Cause significant harm to property and people Excessively active 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Is defined by symptoms Inattention Hyperactivity Impulsivity Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Background Cont. Is higher in the US Is considered a medical condition Problem Many energetic children are classified inappropriately as having ADHD Frequently occurs with Learning Disabilities Depression Anxiety Conduct disorder Oppositional-Defiant Disorder 3 Now, diagnostic criteria require a child must ...

  • 6 Pages

    1-6_Assessment

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overview Assessment The Basis of Classification Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 No single tool is perfect Use a variety of methods Interviews Intelligence tests Neuropsychological tests Personality tests Behavioral Assessments 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Interviews Two types Assessment Interview Want to Find Out Who is the client How do they think / feel What is their history / background What is their current psychological state How vulnerable and resistant is the client Designed to gather information and assess behavior Designed to modify maladaptive behavior or thoughts. Therapeutic Interview / Therapy Session 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Mental Status Examinations Designed to explore Thought content Speech Mood Perception Mannerism Hygiene Attention Orientation Memory Structu ...

  • 5 Pages

    5-4_Psychophysical_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overview Has a mind/body connection Many disorders 1 Psychophysical Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides Coronary Heart Disease Cancer HIV/AIDS Chronic Fatigue Syndrome Headaches Irritable bowel Syndrome Others 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Coronary Heart Disease (CHD) Highly correlated with obesity and/or smoking Contributes to 40% of all deaths Is the leading cause of death after age 66 Is the leading cause of death for men after age 39 Stress Causes heart to work harder Is fine when being confronted by a bear Is not fine for a traffic jam Personality subtypes and CHD 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Early Studies Friedman Rosenman (1975) Used a structured interview technique Followed 3,154 individuals for 8 years Controlled for high cholest ...

  • 5 Pages

    9-1_Schizophrenia

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overview Is know as a psychotic disorder Altered perceptions and consciousness Called hallucinations, delusions, etc. Schizophrenia Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Probably consists of more than one disorder Is the most devastating disorder Occurs in about 1% of the population Another 2-3% have Schizotypal Personality Disorder No major sex differences in prevalence rates Generally, Is a disorder of thought and emotion Is not a "split-personality" disorder. 2 20 million people worldwide meet the criteria 2 million or more Americans Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Costs Cost of care = 70 Billion Dollars annually Disease is expensive For care Hospitalizations Medications Cost to families Loss of productivity Jog loss Suicidal attempts 3 Social costs Many homeless are untreated or stop meds High portion of patients at instate hospitals 1 ...

  • 3 Pages

    3-2_Treatment_of_Stress_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Many Types of Treatment Biological Treatment of Stress Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Pharmacologic Medications Self Medications Biofeedback Psychological Relaxation training Systematic Desensitization Cognitive Modification Social Interventions Modify family, work, residential environment 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Challenges of Stress Treatment Need to identify the persons vulnerabilities Identify the persons social network Does the client even want help What if you have five multiple personalities and only one wants help? Is difficult to treat in general. Different Types of Treatment 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Non-Clinical Approaches Can increase alpha waves in the brain Yoga Biofeedback Works on the premise that you can control y ...

  • 1 Pages

    abnormal psyche notes

    Ursinus, PSYC 320

    Excerpt: ... Notes for abnormal psych e -gender differences within disorders are important to examine -studies show that early warning signs for schizophrenia may present as early as age 2, information obtained by studying home videos of individuals who were later diagnosed with schizophrenia -The idea that schizophrenia contains a genetic component biases doctors to use family history as a big factor in diagnosing schizophrenia ...

  • 3 Pages

    11-2_Gender_Identity_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overview Often referred to as transsexuals 6 times more frequent in boys than girls Feel from early childhood they are the opposite sex Are aversive to same sex clothing and genitals When they feel sexual attraction to the same sex, it is from the opposite sex viewpoint and feels heterosexual 1 2 Gender Identity Disorder Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Observed in Early Childhood by Parents Begins about age 2 - 4 Child plays with opposite sex toys and games Other issues Typically meets with disapproval by peers, co-workers, etc. 15th 16th Century Burned at the stake Some Native American cultures Seen as a third gender Experience anxiety and depression 1/100,000 for women 1/30,000 for women 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Causes 1. 2. Bi ...

  • 4 Pages

    7-3_Psychological_Models_and_Treatments_for_Dep...

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psychoanalytic Models Psychological Models and Treatments for Depression Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Not used much today Has influenced other models Cognitive behavioral Interpersonal 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Freud Called depression Melancholy Grief gone haywire Bibring Changed internal conflict of Freud to helplessness associated with particular situations Excessive, drawn out, unsatisfied Person suffered impoverishment of the ego on a grand scale. 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overall Contends depression occurs due to triggers of problems that occurred in childhood. Research Supports contention of a combination of traumatic childhood experiences and acute external stressful events in adulthood. Psychoanalytic therapy Helps sort out the childhood issues and app ...

  • 9 Pages

    Abnormal Psychology Study Guide #1

    Colorado, PSYC 4303

    Excerpt: ... Abnormal Psych ology 4303 STUDY GUIDE FOR EXAM 1 Information not in book (first week of lectures) Context of abnormal psych ology in world of psychology Psychology has an integral relationship with zeitgeist of the world Bi-Directional Relationship As we go through history, keep in mind what else is occurring 1940s o Politics: WWII ending o Music-Big Band o Literature-Realistic o Religion- Pope deny or not helping during the Holocaust o Psychology- Emphasis on intelligence: What makes our brain tick, Behaviorism( Skinner), importance of environment 1960s o o o o o 2008 o o o o o Politics: Vietnam, Anti-Authortiarian Music: Beatles, The Grateful Dead Literature: Beatniks, Romantics Religion-Sex before Marriage Psychology: Emphasis on inherent self worth (Carl Rogers) Unconditional Love Politics: Very split; Iraq War, Terrorism Music : Wide Variety (Jam bands, rap pop etc.) Literature: Competes with Multimedia Religion: Backlash on Catholicism, Scientology Psychology: Integrating many models increased emphasis ...

  • 3 Pages

    12-2_Internalizing_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Background Are often overlooked Disorders are usually mood or emotional Are unique to children only in the DSM Separation Anxiety Disorder Generalized Anxiety Disorder Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Depression Internalizing Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Separation Anxiety Disorder Show excessive anxiety or panic when not with a major attachment figure May not stay in a room alone May not go to school Greatly exaggerated fears of More Characteristics Is the lasting quality that distinguishes this disorder Decreases sharply with age Animals, Monsters, Kidnappers May complain of nausea, headaches, tummy aches, rapid heart rate Older children have reaction when just thinking of future separation 3 4 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Social Phobia Is a related disorder Found ...

  • 3 Pages

    5-3_Sleep_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Overview Average adults need about 8-9 hours of sleep Most get 7 or less. Sleep Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Children need more sleep than adults Many get less than they need TV does not equal sleep Infants need even more 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Sleep deprivation Initially irritability As you increase deprivation, get work reductions, thinking problems, hallucinations, delusions, paranoia, etc. Often stop when the person sleeps for several hours. Stages of Sleep Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Extremely slow waves Delta waves Light sleep, drift in and out Eyes stop moving, brain waves slow A few smaller faster waves Stage 4 Delta waves all the time Stages 3 and 4 Deep sleep Where bed wetting, sleep walking, night horrors occur 4 3 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Rapid Eye Movement (RE ...

  • 3 Pages

    7-4_Suicide

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Suicide Is the 8th leading cause of death in the US 30,000 killed themselves 500,000 attempted In mental illness, Bipolar II have the greatest risk for suicide Para suicide Suicidal behavior that does not result in death 1 2 Suicide Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Risks Age Young people and individuals >70 at greatest risk Other Variables Ethnicity Native Americans and Alaskan Native males have highest rates per capita Sex Women are more likely to attempt Use pills, cut wrists, etc. More likely to survive Can change mind and usually survive Culture Is important for considering suicide is ok Japan, seen as acceptable Canadians seek mental help professionals 3 4 Men are more likely to succeed Use guns, jump off buildings, etc. Once you pull the trigger or jump you cannot change your mind. Psyc 311 Abnorma ...

  • 2 Pages

    PSY 3315 TEST 1 Study Guide

    Texas State, PSY 3315

    Excerpt: ... ABNORMAL PSYCH OLOGY STUDY GUIDE - TEST 1 D. CARPENTER Chapter 1: Nature vs. Nurture Are mental patients dangerous? Carpenter's "continuum of mental health" What is abnormal behavior? Types of mental health professionals. exorcism trephining Pinel Hippocrates Mesmer Dix Kraeplin Rush Beers lycanthropy St. Vitus Dance witchcraft Chapter 2: What is the Biological Model? Pre-frontal lobotomy Electro-convulsive therapy Early medications How do medications work? Parts of the neuron Neurotransmitters and their function Neurotransmitters and their relationship to various conditions What are the Psychosocial/Behavioral Models? medical model twin studies dizygotic vs. monozygotic twins heredity genotype phenotype diathesis-stress theory Freud Psychoanalysis Freud's theory of the personality Psychosexual stages conflict and anxiety defense mechanisms, define types. Humanistic/existential psychology Maslow Rogers Person-centered therapy Behavioral model Family systems model Identified patient Satir Pavlov Classical c ...

  • 2 Pages

    Studyguide_final_101

    Rio Hondo College, PSYCH 101

    Excerpt: ... People to know: Sigmund Freud Abraham Maslow Carl Rogers Phillip Zimbardo Stanley Milgram Lecture 15: Personality Theory The Psychoanalytic Approach The Id, Ego, and Superego Psychosexual Stages of Development Fixation Little Hans Defense Mechanisms Psychoanalytic Tests Reaching potential The Big Five Person-situation controversy Social Cognitive Perspectives Reciprocal Determinism Personal Control Lecture 16: Abnormal Psych ology Schizophrenia Symptoms Causes Types Development Treatment Classification of disorders Problems with classifying disorders Anxiety disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder Panic Disorder Phobias OCD PTSD Dissociative Identity Disorder Major Depressive Disorder Bipolar Disorder Lecture 17: Social Psych Fundamental Attribution Error Attitudes Foot in the door phenomenon Stanford Prison Study Cognitive Dissonance Theory Asch's Study of Conformity Milgram's Study of Obedience Social Facilitation Social Loafing Deindividuation Prejudice Ingroup Bias and Scapegoat Theory Frustration-Aggress ...

  • 1 Pages

    exam_4_study_guide

    Rutgers, PSYCH 338

    Excerpt: ... Study Guide Exam 4, Principles of Abnormal Psych ology Exam Date: Monday, May 5, 2008 Please note that there will be NO MAKEUPS on the last exam; this is because final grades for this course are due two days after the exam. Please be sure that you are aware of the exam date, and make sure you are here to take the exam that day; otherwise you risk getting a low grade in the course. Study for the last exam: - know all diagnostic criteria for personality disorders - know which symptoms are shared by two or more personality disorders - know how to tell them apart, some are similar - are there gender biases in the diagnosis of personality disorders? - why is it important for us to study personality disorders? - know how to recognize a description of someone with each personality disorder - know facts about gender identity disorder - know all the elements of a healthy sexual encounter - know the model of the human sexual response - know symptoms of sexual disorders - know how to recognize each of the paraphilias - ...

  • 1 Pages

    5-5-08 Psych127 Lecture 10

    UCLA, PSYCH 127

    Excerpt: ... Psychology 127 Abnormal Psych ology May 5, 2008 Lecture 10 Review: o Schizophrenia A Eloisa difficulty in amount of speech (brief replies, no content) Can teach people social skills Anhedonia - An(not) hedonia (pleasure) lack of pleasure with people that have schizophrenia Loss of enjoyment for enjoying activities (eating, sex, .) Hallucinations: o Frequently experienced by schizophrenics o New technology discovery: part of the brain that is most active (with brocasrecognizes speech) schizophrenic broca lights up don't recognize own speech - understanding speech of others is not due to the wernicke's area that hears speech. Schizophrenia o Look at table 11-4 hand out o Schizophrenia with negative symptom: Video clip o Different types of schizophrenia: Disorganized schizophrenic in appropriate response to things, ex. mom died laugh Incoherence can't follow thinking Disturbed affect ex. hospitalized, children has., they are happy Odd motor behavior/ weird postures Silly look Delusions: diffused ...

  • 3 Pages

    8-3_Treatment_of_Substance_Disorders

    Idaho, PSYC 311

    Excerpt: ... Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Components of Comprehensive Drug Addiction Treatment Treatment of Substance Disorders Psychology 311 Abnormal Psych ology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides 1 Family Services Housing / Behavioral Transportation Therapy and Services Counseling Financial Services Child Care Services Intake Processing/ Assessment Treatment Plan Vocational Services Mental Health Services Medical Services Substance Use Monitoring Self-Help/Peer Support Groups Clinical and Case Pharmacotherapy Management Continuing Care Legal Services AIDS/HIV Services Educational Services 2 Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Psyc 311 Abnormal Psych ology Must Match Treatment to Patient Needs No single treatment is appropriate for all individuals. Must attend to multiple needs of the user Medical Legal Social Vocational Others 3 Treatment Duration and Issues Treatment depends on Patient needs Level of abuse Treatment models Use ASAM criteria to place clients Trea ...

  • 2 Pages

    7

    Arizona, EDP 512

    Excerpt: ... Hayden, D.C., (1990). A DSM-III-R computer tutorial for abnormal psychology. Teaching of Psychology, 17, 203-206. Description: A computer tutorial on abnormal psych ology was compared with library exercises. Students from an undergraduate abnormal psych ology course participated in exercises using both mediums. The tutorial consisted of scenarios about specific case studies. Students were to evaluate the case studies and make diagnoses based on DSM-III-Revised criteria. The tutorial covered just Axis I and II of the DSM; student diagnoses were therefore limited to those axes. Additionally, the tutorial provided immediate feedback on students' diagnoses. Students reported favorable reactions to the tutorial and indicated confidence gains as the tutorial progressed. The primary lesson learned from this study, Hayden reported, is that subjects learned that hasty diagnoses were usually incorrect and subsequently biased the students' views of the fictitious client. Impress ...

  • 1 Pages

    Chapter8notes

    UMass (Amherst), PSYCH 380

    Excerpt: ... Abnormal Psych ology Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 8: Mood Disorders Case Report: Janice Butterfield General Characteristics of Mood Disorders Depressive Disorders *Major Depressive Disorder *Dysthymic Disorder Disorders Involving Alteration in Mood *Bipolar Disorder *Real Stories: Kay Redfield Jamison: Bipolar Disorder *Cyclothymic Disorder Theories and Treatments of Mood Disorders *Biological Perspectives *Psychological Perspectives *Sociocultural and Interpersonal Perspectives *Treatment Suicide *Who Commits Suicide? *Why Do People Commit Suicide? Mood Disorders: The Biopsychosocial Perspective Return to the Case ...

  • 1 Pages

    Abnormal Psychology

    Waubonsee, S s

    Excerpt: ... Abnormal Psych ology: The scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to describe, predict, explain, and change abnormal patterns of functioning. What exactly is psychological abnormality? It possesses these general tendencies: Deviance (usually when compared to social/cultural norms) Distress (not always) Dysfunction (interferes with daily functioning) Danger (to oneself or others) What is the Concept of Treatment? Treatment (Therapy): A procedure that is designed to help change abnormal behavior into more normal behavior. Treatment tends to have some general similar features: A sufferer A trained Healer Contacts between the sufferer and the healer ...

  • 1 Pages

    Chapter9notes

    UMass (Amherst), PSYCH 380

    Excerpt: ... Abnormal Psych ology Exam 2 Study Guide Chapter 9: Schizophrenia and Related Disorders Case Report: David Marshall Characteristics Schizophrenia *Phases of Schizophrenia *Symptoms of Schizophrenia *Real Stories: John Forbes Nash: Schizophrenia *Types of Schizophrenia *Dimensions of Schizophrenia *Courses of Schizophrenia *Gender, Age, and Cultural Features Other Psychotic Disorders *Brief Psychotic Disorder *Schizophreniform Disorder *Schizoaffective Disorder *Delusional Disorders *Shared Psychotic Disorder Theories and Treatments of Schizophrenia *Biological Perspective *Psychological Perspective *Sociocultural Perspective *Treatment of Schizophrenia Schizophrenia: The Biopsychosocial Perspective Return to the Case ...

  • 3 Pages

    excerpt_abnormal_psy

    UMass Dartmouth, PSY 101

    Excerpt: ... Excerpt from Abnormal Psych ology on treatment of panic disorder-drugs vs. behavioral-cognitive therapy ...