Documents about Aids Epidemic

  • 1 Pages

    rights

    CSU Northridge, MSE 18470

    Excerpt: ... Case Study I- Pharmaceutical companies, Intellectual property, and the Global AIDS Epidemic . Read the case study on pages 82 90. Answer the questions on page 90 and prepare a 15 30 minutes presentation about the case study. Explain the situation, the conflicts involved, and your findings to questions 1 6. Optional Do the class exercise on page 90 ...

  • 1 Pages

    Biology 45- Lecture 14 Notes

    UC Irvine, BIO SCI 45

    Excerpt: ... Biology 45: AIDS Fundamentals Lecture 14 Notes March 3, 2008 Video Notes (Common Threads: Stories from the Quilt) Rock Hudson died in order to catch America's attention about the AIDS epidemic There was a quilt made in to show the different people who died of AIDS Heterosexual world had a stereotype that homosexual men were the only people to get AIDS In 1981, the scientists felt that a new string of virus was circulating the gay community When the first outbreaks of AIDS came, scientists did not know how people got it and how to cure it Bobby Campbell- spokesperson for AIDS (16th person to be diagnosed with HIV) In 1981, 335 Americans died from AIDS 1285 died from AIDS in 1982 The hemophiliac (David) had to have infusions every time he was bleeding and sometimes the pain would be so much to bear that sometimes he could not bear the weight of a bed sheet In 1983, no one with AIDS has been cured, and the disease has been fatal Gay men and IV drug users were the prime people who were infected with AIDS and the ...

  • 1 Pages

    BILD 10 Assignment

    UCSD, BILD 10

    Excerpt: ... Khoa Nguyen PID: A06594855 TA: Robert Yee November 18, 2005 Article Summary In the article "New AIDS Study Reveals Startling Immunity Data" the author talks about a newly discovered gene that could allow complete immunity against the AIDS virus. The gene called CKR5 is responsible for the production of a protein that determines what is allowed to enter a cell. A mutation of this gene confers resistance to HIV. In order for HIV to infect a host cell it must enter a host cell in order to infect it. In the mutated CKR5 gene, an allele produced by a single nucleotide deletion of the CKR5 gene doesn't allow HIV to enter the cell, thus providing the cell resistance to the HIV virus. Recent studies found that the immunity was most common in Caucasians and almost non-existent in AfricanAmericans. Some scientists induce that this could be a possible evolutionary result of an AIDS epidemic in Europe centuries ago, allowing for the descendants of the survivors to possess the mutated gene. Furthermore, out of the 1,8 ...

  • 44 Pages

    Chapter 1 lecture

    University of Texas, SOC 308

    Excerpt: ... ces are being brought about by improvements in information technology, not pills and scalpels" (Getzen 1997, p. 330). Best And Worst National Health Systems Top 10 Countries by health system performance France Italy Bottom 10 Countries by health system performance Sierra Leone Myanmar San Marino Andorra Central African Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Malta Singapore Spain Nigeria Liberia Malawi Oman Austria Japan Mozambique Lesotho Zambia Source: World Health Report, 2000. AIDS Epidemic After 1980's AIDS epidemic , to slow transmission of HIV social relationships (in which risk behaviors occurred) needed to be understood SF gay men's community-based campaign Global distribution of persons living with HIV/AIDS 2005 (millions) Sub-Sahara Africa, 24.5 North Africa and Middle East, 0.44 Asia, 8.3 Total: 38.6 million North America, Western and Central Europe, 2 Oceania, 0.078 Latin America, 1.6 Caribbean, 0.33 Eastern Europe and Central As ...

  • 1 Pages

    BILD 36 How to study the first two lectures

    UCSD, BILD 36

    Excerpt: ... BILD 36 Define: How to study the first two lectures AIDS, HIV, syndrome, disease, vertical transmission How is HIV spread? Why should people be concerned about the AIDS epidemic ? What makes it particularly concerning? How much is the U.S. government spending on AIDS? where? Contrast the primary means of HIV transmission in the U.S. versus Africa. Statistics Numbers you must actually know: Number of persons currently HIV infected in U.S. Current number of new infections per year in U.S. Number of persons currently living with AIDS in U.S. (approximately) Cumulative number of deaths in U.S. since the beginning (approximately) Approximately how many are dying per year now in U.S. Number of persons currently HIV infected worldwide Current number of new infections per year worldwide Current number of deaths per year worldwide Cumulative number of infections worldwide since the beginning Cumulative number of deaths worldwide since the beginning As for the other numbers, you do not have to memorize them; howe ...

  • 2 Pages

    Chapter 1 Outline

    University of Texas, SOC 308

    Excerpt: ... Chapter 1 Outline Summary: This first chapter introduces models for thinking about health socially and proposes a political economy approach to examining health inequalities. Consider the following questions: 1. What are social influences on health and disease? 2. Why do some social groups become ill and die prematurely more often than others? 3. Are there social policies that can protect individuals from harmful influences? Chapter Outline: INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL INEQUALITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH What is a Healthy Society? THINKING SOCIALLY ABOUT HEALTH Public Health experts are used to thinking of health in individualistic terms Social aspects of health are poorly evaluated in U.S. health data, excluding measures of poverty SOCIAL NETWORKS, SOCIAL ISOLATIONS, & HEALTH Individualistic notion of health overlooks human social needs Social factors affect health THE AIDS EPIDEMIC After 1980's AIDS epidemic , to slow transmission of HIV social relationships (in which risk behaviors occurred) needed to be understood St ...

  • 4 Pages

    Spn342_SIDA Presentation 2

    Michigan State University, CAL Spn342

    Excerpt: ... SPN Presentation 2 HIV/AIDS in Spain 40,341,462: population of Spain (July 2005 est.) 140,000: Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2005 0.6%: Estimated percentage of adults (ages 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2005 32,000: Estimated number of women (ages 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2003 2,000: Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS during 2005 Sources UNAIDS 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic . May 2006. CIA World Factbook 2005 http:/www.globalhealthreporting.org/countries/spain.asp?collID=15&id=463&malID=46 5&tbID=467&hivIC=464&malIC=466&tbIC=468&map=469&con=Spain&p=1 Selected Web Sites and Organizations Apoyo Positivo Apoyo Positivo is a Madrid-based organization established to meet the needs of HIV-positive people who are not covered by the national health system. Asociacin para Promover Actividades de Intervencin y Prevencin en Drogodependencia y VIH/SIDA AIPS is a nongovernmental organization that runs HIV prevention and needle-exchang ...

  • 4 Pages

    SPN342 Presentation 2

    Michigan State University, CAL Spn342

    Excerpt: ... SPN Presentation 2 HIV/AIDS in Spain 40,341,462: population of Spain (July 2005 est.) 140,000: Estimated number of people living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2005 0.6%: Estimated percentage of adults (ages 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2005 32,000: Estimated number of women (ages 15-49) living with HIV/AIDS by the end of 2003 2,000: Estimated number of deaths due to AIDS during 2005 Sources UNAIDS 2006 Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic . May 2006. CIA World Factbook 2005 http:/www.globalhealthreporting.org/countries/spain.asp?collID=15&id=463&malID=46 5&tbID=467&hivIC=464&malIC=466&tbIC=468&map=469&con=Spain&p=1 Selected Web Sites and Organizations Apoyo Positivo Apoyo Positivo is a Madrid-based organization established to meet the needs of HIV-positive people who are not covered by the national health system. Asociacin para Promover Actividades de Intervencin y Prevencin en Drogodependencia y VIH/SIDA AIPS is a nongovernmental organization that runs HIV prevention and needle-exchang ...

  • 46 Pages

    Lecture 1

    Oregon State, H 312

    Excerpt: ... ulations - Condom distribution to mine workers in Africa Public Health Approach (cont) Action taken in different levels: community, government, etc. Combination of areas Young girls in AIDS/sex education project in Thailand "Right" vs. "Wrong"? Not a moral judgment (victim blaming), Public Health is focused on risk reduction. STI vs STD What is the difference between the two terms? STI vs STD STI=sexually Less transmitted infection stigma Implies a pathogen STD=sexually Widely transmitted disease used, but implies a "disease" Four lessons from the history of STI's As it applies to HIV/AIDS Lesson #1: Fear of disease will powerfully influence medical approaches and public health policy transmission: pens, pencils, toothbrushes, etc. syphilis article in book: p27 Syphilis Read Lesson #2: Education will not control the AIDS epidemic based education Fear Lesson #3: Compulsory public health measures will not control the epidemic premarital syphilis testing, screenings M ...

  • 24 Pages

    final120402

    University of Michigan, SPP 638

    Excerpt: ... arising from the meetings. Marina V N Whitman 6 September 2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. Administrative Information a. b. c. d. e. f. II. IPE Outline IPE Detailed Daily Schedule Provisional Agendas for Plenary Sessions Key Questions for Policy Roundtables Map of the Michigan Union Rules of Procedure Global HIV/AIDS Background a. b. c. Fact Sheet: The Global HIV/ AIDS Epidemic UNAIDS: AIDS Epidemic Update Overview of the Global Fund to Fights AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria III. Finance a. b. UNAIDS: Global Resource Needs Global Taxes for Global Priorities IV. Targeting a. b. c. AIDS Hits the Americas Most Vulnerable Populations HIV/AIDS & Gender Fact Sheet: The Global Impact of HIV/AIDS on Youth V. Program / Activity Area a. b. UNAIDS: The Global Strategy Framework on HIV/AIDS Cost-effectiveness of HIV/AIDS Intervention in Africa: A Systematic Review of the Evidence VI. Intellectual Property Rights a. b. Patents, International Trade Law and Access to Essential Medicines Combating Disease Worldwide: F ...

  • 2 Pages

    studyguideex1.101

    Tennessee, GEOGRAPHY 050

    Excerpt: ... nt? 46. Who were the Boers and what did they do? 47. When and why did apartheid develop in South Africa? 48. Why has post-colonial Africa suffered such turmoil? 49. Why is understanding carrying capacity important in Africa? 50. Why are there so many refugees in Africa? 51. Why has the HIV/ AIDS epidemic been so devastating in Africa? 52. How would you describe the basic patterns of religion in Africa? 53. How did the introduction of Christianity change the lives of African women? 54. What is FGM and why is it a controversial practice? 55. Why did the World Bank plan for a shoe factory in Tanzania fail? 56. Where is desertification a major issue in Africa and why? 57. How might debt forgiveness to be the key to African prosperity? ...

  • 2 Pages

    kenya response 3

    Duke, BIO 46

    Excerpt: ... ain from the Sooty Mangabey, was nearly identical to that in HIV-2, a less virulent human strain. Both viruses also had a unique novel gene not found in other viruses, and genetic variations in the viruses were similar based on geographic location. Now that the scientific community had proof of a human-primate immunodeficiency link, it was only a matter of time before they could pinpoint the where and when of HIV's origin. A breakthrough in the location of the virus' origin came in 1999, when Beatrice Hahn, a researcher at the University of Alabama, examined three strains of SIV in chimpanzees, or SIVcpz, against the M, N, and O strains of HIV-1. She found that the regions of West Africa where the SIVcpz was isolated coincided perfectly with the location where the AIDS epidemic had been identified for the longest period of time. Hahn also discovered that SIVcpz and HIV-1 had the same gene organization and a common unique novel gene. It was from the work of Toufo Zhu at the University of Washington and David H ...

  • 5 Pages

    060911suicAIDS

    Chester, ECO 338

    Excerpt: ... suicides occurred at the moment of the testing, when people learned that they were HIV-positive," Bertolote says. "Some people decide to commit suicide rather than going through the painful condition of being HIV-positive. Then the introduction of the treatment, the antiviral therapy, the 'cocktail' treatment, decreased suicide rates. So when people learned that there was hope, they didnt commit suicide. According to WHO data, in some countries people with HIV/AIDS are as much as eight times more likely to attempt suicide. Russia and Ukraine are both believed to be on the verge of major HIV/ AIDS epidemic s. The issue of suicide prevention is not without controversy. Politicians and medical professionals alike have questioned whether governments should interfere with the personal decision to end one's life. But Bertolote dismisses this, citing studies that show 96 percent of people who attempt suicide have diminished or heavily distorted mental judgment capabilities. top homepage features Related Artic ...

  • 4 Pages

    Mass Communication Exam Review

    Northeastern, CMN 101

    Excerpt: ... l to contemporary social movements. - Performance more memorable, gets attention, entertaining, more accessible to younger people, more friendly/easily accepted, more active, creative, and appeals to more people - Trajectory of Performative Social Protest: o Suffagists, 1930s marches, pagents Wore costumes (white purity) Wanted to win over the outside o Anti-war, 1960s student movements Angry/radical Wanted international attention Weren't attempting to win over the mainstream Reaffirm their own commitment More organized Used technology mainly through music o Act Up, 1980s movement about AIDs epidemic Young professionals Use of technology and media Advertising strategies (silence = death) Wanted immediate solutions for short term problems o Critical mass/reclaim the streets, current issue of public space No leaders Networking online Anyone can participate ...

  • 2 Pages

    Lecture47-BIO150-Rowe-07-08

    University of Toronto, BIO 150

    Excerpt: ... ead use of drugs to fight microbes. By 1921, there was evidence of resistance to quinine and eventually to all the commonly used antimalarial agents. (b) The prevalent use of penicillin to treat Streptococcus pneumoniae which causes infections such as chronic bronchitis, pneumonia and meningitis has lead to the problem of widespread resistance towards this antibiotic across the globe in only 25 years. (c) You are all familiar with the AIDS epidemic and you may have heard of AZT, a drug initially used to treat the disease. This drug inhibits transcription of viral DNA. Early on, AZT was very effective in AIDS patients but after only a few years of use, patients stopped responding to the drug. Mathematical models may be very useful to help answer questions about the best treatment strategies for some diseases. For example, should we treat HIV with many drugs simultaneously? Or should we cycle through the drugs? If so, how often and for how long should each drug be prescribed? These avenues are only now beginnin ...

  • 7 Pages

    Soc230-exam1 KEY

    , SOC 230

    Excerpt: ... ame known as AIDS: a. b. c. d. e. at the time of the AIDS outbreak, homosexual men had been very cautious about sexual encounters and had unusually low rates of sexually transmitted diseases CDC first realized that there was a health problem when they discovered the HIV virus in homosexual men investigators tried counting the prevalence of this new disease by labeling as cases people who were not very young or very old who were diagnosed with the diseases of Kaposis Sarcoma or Pneumocystis some researchers overlooked suspected cases of this disease in non-homosexual populations such as IV drug users, believing this was a disease of homosexual men only Both c and d D 25. Shilts (And the Band Played On) reports that in the early stages of the AIDS epidemic when CDC investigators first suspected it might result from the transmission of body fluids from infected people: a. b. c. d. e. blood banks immediately looked for methods of screening blood and blood products so as to avoid law suits from clients t ...

  • 1 Pages

    ft-monuments

    Maryland, AMST 205

    Excerpt: ... gated enclave where we honor the dead. With monuments we honor ourselves. Monuments are not generally built to commemmorate defeats; the defeated dead are remembered in memorials. Whereas a monument most often signifies victory, a memorial refers to the life or lies sacrificed for a particular set of value. (47) Sturken, Marita. Tangled Memories: The Vietnam War, The AIDS Epidemic , and the Politics of Remembering. Berkeley, University of California Press, 1997. Visit the World War II Memorial, the Vietnam Veterans Memorial (all 3 pieces), and the Ulysses S. Grant Memorial (near the Capitol Building). Sketch the three sites. In your sketches, emphasize the informal paths and the places people congregate; the material used in the different portions of the monument; and each monuments relationship to the larger traffic pattern of tourists on The Mall. ...

  • 2 Pages

    gen-globalfactsheet

    University of Michigan, SPP 638

    Excerpt: ... HIV/AIDS HIV/AIDS POLICY FACT SHEET July 2002 The Global HIV/ AIDS Epidemic The HIV/ AIDS epidemic has claimed over 20 million lives and more than 40 million people are estimated to be living with HIV/AIDS worldwide. HIV/AIDS cases have been reported in all regions of the world, but most people living with HIV/AIDS (96%) reside in developing nations, where most AIDS-related deaths occur. The nations of sub-Saharan Africa have been particularly 1,2 3,4 hard-hit. AIDS is now a leading cause of death worldwide. HIV/AIDS is also considered a threat to the economic well-being and social and political stability of many nations. Current Global HIV/AIDS Statistics During 2001, an estimated 5 million people became newly 2 infected with HIV. There were an estimated 3 million AIDS-related deaths in 2 2001. Of these, 1.1 million were women and 580,000 were 2 children under 15. AIDS is the number one cause of death in Africa, and the 3,4 fourth leading cause of death globally. Worldwide, most HIV-positive individuals are u ...