Documents about Caloric Intake

  • 5 Pages

    Lecture07

    UVA, PHYS 102

    Excerpt: ... erol, and blood cholesterol levels drop Another important note, GI health is improved by fiber in the diet. Taken with adequate fluid, dietary fiber lessens the likelihood of hemorrhoids (swellings in rectal veins), appendicitis (caused by compaction of the stools that lead to appendix obstruction and bacterial infection), and diverticulitis (the formation of bulge-like pouches in the colon wall due to weak intestinal muscles). Summary: Recommended intake of sugar: no more than 10% of the daily caloric intake should be in the form of sugar. Recommended intake of starch: 55-60% of the total caloric intake should come from carbohydrates (1,100 to 1,200 kcal of carbohydrates [275 to 300 grams] for a person consuming 2,000 kcal per day). Recommended intake of fiber: 12.5 grams per 1,000 kcal consumed (25 grams per day for a person on a 2,000-kcal/day diet) is recommended by the FDA. The American Dietetic Association recommends 20 to 35 grams per day. Alternatives to Sugar: Artificial sweeteners are discusse ...

  • 7 Pages

    Midterm

    Sveriges lantbruksuniversitet, STAT 201

    Excerpt: ... s r=0.4. (a) About what percentage of the fathers receive more than 40% of their daily caloric intake in the form of fat? Be clear about any assumption you must make to do the problem. (4 marks) (b) If a father receives 28% of his calories in the form of fat about what percentage should you predict for the son? (5 marks) (c) Suppose we select 36 families at random from this group of 1000 for a more detailed dietary assessment. You may assume that they are selected with replacement so that the selections are independent. What is the chance that the 25 selected fathers have an average between 34 and 36% of their daily dietary calories in the form of fat. (4 marks) (d) In 50 of the families the father received less than 15% of his daily caloric intake in the form of fat. If we eliminate this group of 50 father-son pairs from our study will the correlation coecient go up or down; that is, is the correlation coecient for the other 950 pairs more than 0.4, less than 0.4, or still about 0.4? Explain with ...

  • 15 Pages

    NS 132 SQ 9

    Wisconsin, NUTRI SCI 132

    Excerpt: ... Those w/ high intakes alcohol/tobacco tend to be thin/underweight. 2) Undiagnosed chronic disease (e.g. cancer, TB, AIDS) causes loss body weight. - underweight BMI ~ mortality, life expectancy III. Obesity Note: brief discussion underweight starts this segment [Body weight & life expectancy in Norway] a. Health risks b. Defining obesity *BMI [BMI silhouettes] [BMI values for Men & Women) *Body composition [BMI & risk health problems] ["Feasting"] Obesity - product interaction bet. genetics (same/constant hunter-gatherer genetic make-up) & environment - obesity epidemic: caloric intake , decrease energy expenditure What are some the health risks obesity? Obesity contributes to development chronic disease. Obesity increases risk heart disease, stroke, high BP, type II diabetes, cancer, & many other problems. Health risks associated w/ obesity: - Type II Diabetes (mellitus) - Heart disease - Hypertension (high BP) - Cancer (Endometrial) - Stroke - also: arthritis (osteo-, wear & tear on joints), gall ...

  • 18 Pages

    Somatoform, Dissociative, and Eating Disorders

    UCLA, PSYCH 127

    Excerpt: ... ar of gaining weight Marked body image disturbance Amenorrhea Subtypes Restricting Type Diet to limit caloric intake Binge-eating-purging Type Purging to limit caloric intake (e.g., vomiting, laxatives, diuretics) Medical Consequences dry skin brittle hair or nails sensitivity and intolerance to cold lanugo cardiovascular problems electrolyte imbalance Anorexia Nervosa Typical onset: age 15-19 Life prevalence: 0.5 percent (strict criteria) 10 to 1 ratio of females to males Typical profile: Young female, upper SES, competitive environment 20% death rate (of those 50% suicide) Bulimia Nervosa Binge = a larger amount of food than most people would eat under the circumstances Uncontrollability (e.g.,1500 calories) Cycle of binging and compensating Bulimics are normal weight or within 10% of normal weight High prevalence among college women DSM-IV Criteria Recurrent episodes of binge eating Overeating in a sp ...

  • 8 Pages

    Lecture 16 - Aging

    Brock University, BIOL BIOL-1F25

    Excerpt: ... n studies not easy to do IGF-1 receptor heterozygote Wildtype We have the genes for IGF-1 and the IGF-1 receptor In primates, blood IGF-1 levels correlate with energy status Important! Only observed in females Summary In any animal investigated to date, lifespan can be manipulated by changing caloric intake Hormones are involved (IGF-1 particularly important) IGF-1 communicates energy status Animals enter either a high growth/reproduction state or longer lived (and sometimes dormant) IGF-1 evolved in response to caloric restriction 6 What genes are targeted for regulation in caloric restriction? (which are `turned on' and which are `turned off'?) Experiment: Compare gene expression of muscle cells in young vs old mice (it's different!) Compare gene expression of muscle cells in young vs old CR mice How does caloric restriction (CR) affect which genes are being used (some of these will be the ones critical to maintaining the health span)? Genes affected by caloric restriction summ ...

  • 4 Pages

    April 3 notes

    USC, PSYC 201

    Excerpt: ... depleted, but also strengthened Baumeister Cookie Study Some participants tempted with a plate of freshly baked cookies, but were given radishes to eat instead All resisted the temptation Others were allowed to eat the cookies Participants then did a subsequent task that also required self control Participants who had been tempted showed less persistence on 2nd task Self-regulatory strength had been depleted by the 1st task What depletes self-regulatory strength? Things that require self-control Emotional upset Exhaustion Low blood glucose Self-regulation is an active brain process Brain is 2% of body weight but requires 20% of caloric intake Mental distraction Self-regulation requires glucose: willpower is more than a metaphor! Gaillot Visual Attention Study Participants blood glucose levels were assessed Engage in a task that requires self-control resource Watch a video of a woman talking with words briefly shown on the bottom of the screen watch video normally were instructed to avoid looking at t ...

  • 3 Pages

    Lecture 13 – Glucose Oxidation II &acir...

    University of the Sciences in Philadelphia, BS 130

    Excerpt: ... o a two carbon compound (called a two-carbon fragment) NAD+ is being reduced to NADH; pyruvic acid is being oxidized, we are obtaining energy Pyruvic Acid is oxidized to an acetyl group CoA is similar to a nucleotide, B vitamins help make them up CoA forms a labile (weak, easily broken) bond with the acetyl group; becomes Acetyl CoA 2 PA 2CO2 + 2NADH + 2 Acetyl CoA (most of the energy is still stored in Acetyl CoA) - Acetyl CoA could go in the citric acid cycle, or could go into the formation of lipids or proteins Surplus of Acetyl CoA will build up body bulk, but if you lower caloric intake reversible reactions will go back and forth c. Citric acid cycle (fig. 8-7) - Aka Kreb Cycle, TCA Cycle (tricarboxylic acid) - Starts with Acetyl CoA from formation Acetyl CoA releases 2 carbons to become CoA Oxaloacetate (4C) becomes citric acid, oxaloacetate is the start and end of the cycle See handout notes Summary of Kreb Cycle 2 Acetyl CoA + 2 oxaloacetate 2 oxaloacetate + 2 ATP + 2FADH2 + 6NADH So far we have ...

  • 2 Pages

    Study Notes Test #1

    Vermont, HLTH 15

    Excerpt: ... w positive thoughts can contribute to your health Suicide (how common is it) Depression (symptoms of) Phobias (definitions of a few) Seasonal affective disorder (what is it, when does it occur) Sleep and college students; how to get a decent night of rest Ch 5 This Chapter will not be on the exam- we have not covered it. However about nutrition please know the following italicized items: Estimates of what Americans eat too much of BMR what is it, how many cal/day American diet info: What do we eat too much of Cals in coke, big mac, Caesar salad Concepts in myPyramid (6 basic ones addressed) Illness that result from poor nutrition How much grains, veggies, fruits, dairy, meats, and oils should be consumed daily (based on mypyramid) RDA caloric intake , what is it, how many/day based on gender Proteins/AA- what are they, what do they do for the body-which are essential and non essential AA- how can we get the non essential AA into our bodies Carbos: simple and complex (definitions of, where you get them, how ...

  • 4 Pages

    Lecture 2-28 ntr sec2

    University of Texas, NTR 311

    Excerpt: ... THEORY different studies done Genetic component What a person's weight levels off at Amphetimines, nicotine, BMR (2/3 caloric intake ) can effect Set point RATS Overweight produces more leptin (secreted by aedipose) Leptin affects food appetite, metabolic energy rate, High caloric feed = More leptin -Inc ^ BMR and Decrease appetite Lose weight Low Caloric feed =Less Leptin, Dec BMR (energy) and Increas appetite Gain weight ...

  • 3 Pages

    practice_midterm_solutions

    UCSC, ECON 120

    Excerpt: ... the control group, prior to the program. (b) Yes, they might. In particular, they will tend to bias the estimates upwards. Any dierence in post-treatment outcomes might be due in part to pre-treatment dierences, rather than the program itself. 4. Externalities will tend to cause an underestimate in the size of the eect of the drug, since some of the bene.ts of the drug will spill over to the control group. 5. As discussed in class, there are 2 pieces of evidence. First, several papers have studied the link between income and caloric intake , and the consensus seems to be that there is a relatively small but signi.cant relationship between the two. Second, papers have studied the relationship between caloric intake and capacity. These have tended to .nd a relatively weak eect. The same is true of studies relating nutrient intake to capacity, like the Thomas et al. (2006) study in Indonesia. 6. The consensus in the literature is that informal risk-coping and consumption smoothing mechanisms are lar ...

  • 11 Pages

    Kinesiology - Chapter 8 - STD's and HIV (8)

    Houston Baptist, CHRI 3302

    Excerpt: ... ey to successful weight loss Combined with a diet/change to eating habits, weight loss is enhanced and lean muscle tissue is maintained To lose weight, need to participate in at least 30 minutes of physical activity a day Recommendation is 60 minutes a day Combining cardio and strength training is best way to lose weight, as the increased lean muscle tissue burns fat more effectively Spot Reducing "If I do 100 sit-ups a day, I will lose my belly weight." Spot Reducing Loss of certain areas where fat sticks out NOT POSSIBLE Fat is reduced by general aerobic exercise and will be lost throughout the body Exercise Restrictions Precautionary If overweight or obese, consult a physician first to determine if able to exercise Once starting a program, take it slow and avoid over-pounding of joints on a hard surface Low Intensity vs. High Intensity Designing a Weight Loss Program Need to compute Caloric Intake and target caloric intake to lose weight Record a ...