Documents about Depressive Symptoms

  • 1 Pages

    gillham2007abstract

    UPenn, PPC 2007

    Excerpt: ... School-Based Prevention of Depressive Symptoms : A Randomized Controlled Study of the Effectiveness and Specificity of the Penn Resiliency Program Jane E. Gillham University of Pennsylvania and Swarthmore College Karen J. Reivich, Derek R. Freres, Tara M. Chaplin, Andrew J. Shatte, Barbra Samuels, Andrea G. L. Elkon, Samantha Litzinger, and Marisa Lascher University of Pennsylvania Robert Gallop West Chester University Martin E. P. Seligman University of Pennsylvania The authors investigated the effectiveness and specificity of the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP; J. E. Gillham, L. H. Jaycox, K. J. Reivich, M. E. P. Seligman, & T. Silver, 1990), a cognitive behavioral depression prevention program. Children (N _ 697) from 3 middle schools were randomly assigned to PRP, Control (CON), or the Penn Enhancement Program (PEP; K. J. Reivich,1996; A. J. Shatte, 1997), an alternate intervention that controls for nonspecific intervention ingredients. Childrens depressive symptoms were assessed through 3 year ...

  • 1 Pages

    Summary of Stress in College Article (for Lab 12)

    Drake, PSCY 001

    Excerpt: ... Jason Sigal 4/15/07 Lab write up for lab 12 Everyone knows that adapting to the college environment can be a stressful situation, for any young adult entering this stage in his or her life. So what can college freshmen do to easily cope with stress in college? Actually, there are many things they can do. A study titled "Freshmen adaptation to University Life: Depressive Symptoms , Stress, and Coping" tested different factors and how much they relieved this common stress. One major influence of experienced stress depended on the students' relationships with their families. Things considered were whether students lived with our without their parents, if they talked to their fathers on a daily basis, and if their parents gave them money to pay for their expenses on a regular basis. So while its obvious that coping with the stresses of entering college aren't easy, they can be made easier with close family relationships. Source: Freshmen Adaptation to University Life: Depressive Symptoms , Stress, and Coping. (h ...

  • 1 Pages

    Steffens+DGL+121405

    UNC, READ 3091813

    Excerpt: ... Information from the CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF AGING AND HUMAN DEVELOPMENT 1955-2005 The Duke Center for the Study of Aging and Human Development Celebrating 50 years of research and training in service to older adults and their families Distinguis ...

  • 2 Pages

    spring_lecture44_outline

    Washington, PSYCH 400

    Excerpt: ... Lecture 44 Outline I. Learned helplessness as a model of depression A. Similarities between learned helplessness and depression, symptoms 1. passive 2. difficulty learning in new situations 3. fail to display aggression when appropria ...

  • 4 Pages

    w6lecture44_outline

    Washington, PSYCH 400

    Excerpt: ... Lecture 44 Outline I. Learned helplessness as a model of depression A. Similarities between learned helplessness and depression, symptoms 1. passive 2. difficulty learning in new situations 3. fail to display aggression when appropriate 4. lack of ma ...

  • 1 Pages

    4_6_06 HP

    USC, HP 440

    Excerpt: ... 4/6/06 Resilience and Posttraumatic Growth (continued) - You can thrive and also feel the negative symptoms of a traumatic event One theory: PTG is most helpful for those that already have psychological resources available to them PTG is more beneficial to Hispanic HIV/AIDS patients. The reason is unknown but it may be that there is for emphasis on the family and religion in these groups. There is something unique going on in the sub-population. Among HIV patients in this study: PTG common Associated w/ fewer depressive symptoms Associated with health behaviors Associated with disease status for certain subpopulations Implications: - If they address life perception and positive reframing of negative situations - Simply bringing up the topic/possibility of PTG made an impact See Tadeshi article Depth and Wisdom: - Human nature seeks pleasure over depth o Struggling to grow promotes depth o It is hard work, cognitively and physically - Wisdom o Understanding vs. knowing Computers, Jeopardy, education (not all) ...

  • 1 Pages

    Rodriguez_topics

    San Diego State, PROJECT 344

    Excerpt: ... Omar Rodriguez Art 344a Topics 1. Depression: symptoms, reasons, statistics, information, numbers worldwide, and help. 2. Suicide: Reasons, statistics, information, help. ...

  • 2 Pages

    PA and Mental Health

    McGill, EDKP 330

    Excerpt: ... episode when symptoms are experienced during the same two-week period symptoms must include depressed mood or marked loss of interest of pleasure reduced energy, concentration, attention reduced self-esteem and self-confidence disturbed sleep diminished appetite - What has been the pattern of annual prevalence of major depression in the USA over the past 50 years? Increased steadily - An imbalance in what category of chemicals is associated with depression? Neurotransmitters - What percentage of adults who suffer depression can be treated effectively and how do the sexes compare in their response to treatment? 80-90% of adults can be effectively treated as outpatients women respond to treatment as well as or better than men -What statements can be made regarding the relationship of physical activity and depressive symptoms and adolescents? No randomized controlled studies have been done Experiments have shown small reductions in depressive symptoms after exercise training Did not control for confounders In a ...

  • 1 Pages

    Choi.poster07

    University of Texas, CONFERENCE 07

    Excerpt: ... COMPARISON OF DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS BETWEEN HOMEBOUND OLDER ADULTS AND AMBULATORY OLDER ADULTS Namkee G. Choi, Ph.D. 1 Graham McDougall, Ph.D.2 The University of Texas at Austin School of Social Work1 The University of Texas at Austin School of Nursing2 Purpose: Because of their social isolation imposed by chronic illness and functional limitations, homebound older adults are more vulnerable to depression than their mobility-unimpaired peers. In this study, we compared 81 low-income homebound older adults, aged 60 and older, with their 130 ambulatory peers who attended senior centers, with respect to their depressive symptoms , depression risk and protective factors, and self-reported coping strategies. Methods: We selected our convenience sample of homebound elders from recipients of home-delivered meals from the Meals on Wheels (MOW) program and their ambulatory age peers from participants in four senior centers and/or congregate nutrition programs in low-income neighborhoods of a large Texas city. Individual ...

  • 11 Pages

    SampleExam4(1)

    GA Southern, PSYC 1101

    Excerpt: ... hich of the following therapies? a. behavior modification B. antianxiety medications c. cognitive therapy d. rational-emotive therapy 5. (p. 561) Impulsiveness, a lack of guilt, and a lack of emotional attachment to people are all aspects of: A. antisocial personality disorder. b. dissociative identity disorder. c. somatoform disorders. d. paranoid schizophrenia. 6. (p. 547) One of the primary differences between major depression and dysthymia is that: a. dysthymia has more intense depressive symptoms than major depression does. B. dysthymia is chronic and more long-term than major depression. c. major depression includes physical symptoms, whereas dysthymia does not. d. major depression includes mostly cognitive symptoms, whereas dysthymia consists of more motivational symptoms. 7. (p. 600) Tardive dyskinesia is one of the side effects of which of the following drugs? A. antipsychotic drugs b. selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) c. monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors d. tricyclics 8. (p. 600) ...

  • 12 Pages

    Asian+American+Psychology+Week+7+Gender

    UC Irvine, PSYC 141

    Excerpt: ... l-order bride and e-mail correspondence services result in 4,000 to 6,000 marriages between U.S. men and foreign brides each year. Potential Effects of Stereotypes Mental health Asian American women may report having more psychological problems than do Asian American men (Uba, 1994) Asian American men may underreport psychological problems because they comply with expected gender roles/stereotypes of both Asian and American cultures Asian American women may have more distress because of "double jeopardy" of sexism and racism Asian American men may have fewer problems because traditional patriarchal Asian family structure protects them from psychosocial stress 10 Potential Effects of Stereotypes Mental health Gender difference in psychological adjustment of Asian American men and women not uniform (Kuo, 1984) Chinese American and Filipina American women reported more depressive symptoms than their male counterparts Japanese American and Korean American women reported less depr ...

  • 43 Pages

    06sL12Adult

    Wisconsin, HDFS 363

    Excerpt: ... , mucus or other uterine or cervical problems that prevent conception or implantation Top causes of infertility on the male side: Insufficient number of live, motile sperm Low motility (swimming ability) in sperm Males generally have few reproductive system problems at this age. Testicular cancer is a risk that young adult males need to be aware of. It tends to affect younger men. PMS, depression, and depressive symptoms Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Involves physical and emotional symptoms (fatigue, headaches, swelling, nausia, constipation, food cravings, anxiety, depression, etc) Is different from dysmenorrhea (common in adolescents and women in their 20s) PMS symptoms Generally appear 6-10 days before the menstrual period, and disappear shortly after the period. 3-10% of women suffer from moodrelated symptoms 10% have symptoms that interfere with school, work, or social life. Not just a American problem Recognition of this pattern goes back to at least ...

  • 27 Pages

    Psychological disorders.ppt.ppt

    Delgado CC, PSYCH 12295

    Excerpt: ... Living Psychology by Karen Huffman PowerPoint Lecture Notes Presentation Chapter 12: Psychological Disorders Judith Phillips, Palomar College John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2005 Huffman: Living Psychology Lecture Overview Studying Psychological Disord ...

  • 2 Pages

    RR 5 Jennifer Berry

    USC, PSYC 360

    Excerpt: ... ce as likely as men to experience both mild and depressive symptoms and severe depressive disorders. Biological theories use womens hormonal cycles, specifically with the female hormones estrogen and progesterone, as a factor. There is a small percentage of women, 3%, who experience increases in depressive symptoms during the premenstrual cycle that suggests that these women have a general vulnerability to depression or anxiety. Further evidence that hormonal changes play a role in womens depressions includes post-partum depression. Cognitive perspectives include Becks negative cognitive triad, reformulated learned helplessness theory, causal attribution errors and rumination. Is it possible that women are more predisposed to be susceptible to have negative views of themselves, of the world, and of their future? Or could they be more likely than men to have negative attributions about themselves? This may be due to the way women are viewed/view themselves in society and in turn have distorted or nega ...

  • 2 Pages

    HW1_RM08

    MNSU, ME 101

    Excerpt: ... PSYC 101 Dr. Perez Research Methods Assignment (Due 1/30/08) 50 points This assignment is due at the start of class on Wednesday, January 30, 2008. Late assignments will be penalized 2 points per day they are late. I will not accept assignments via e ...

  • 2 Pages

    E3Rev GenPsychF05

    Maryville MO, PS 1000

    Excerpt: ... Exam 3 Review F/05 40 multiple choice questions ( 2 pts each); NOT cumulative Total Points Possible for Course: 300 240 from exams; 24 from Experiments (12 credits/6 credit hours) or Readings( 6 summaries) Last Day to turn in summaries is Dec 6. TEXT ...

  • 1 Pages

    13. Psychological Disorders

    LSU, PSYCH 2000

    Excerpt: ... s (or axes) Five Axes of symptoms) Axis Axis Axis Axis Axis DSM-IV-TR (guidelines for making decisions about I (transient/on-going/current clinical disorders) II (personality disorders and mental retardation) III (general medical information) IV (psychosocial and environmental problems) V (global assessment of functioning) Gender and Cultural Diversity: - Culture-general symptoms for depression (e.g., sad affect, lack of energy) - Women more likely to suffer depressive symptoms . Why? Combination of biological, psychological, and social forces (biopsychosocial model) Schizophrenia Schizophrenia (group of psychotic disorders) Five areas of major disturbance: Perception (hallucinations) Language (word salad, neologisms) Thoughts (psychosis, delusions) Emotion (exaggerated or flat affect) Behavior [unusual actions (e.g., catalepsy, waxy flexibility)] Explanations of Schizophrenia: Biological-genetic predisposition, disruptions in neurotransmitters, brain abnormalities Psychosocial-stress, ...

  • 13 Pages

    9-17

    Rutgers, PSYCH 333

    Excerpt: ... n Oregon 57% women 89% white 61% single Pubertal Timing and Psychopathology Administered telephone interview Psychological disorders Depression Anxiety Disruptive behavior (ADHD, etc.) Substance use Eating disorders Antisocial personality disorders Borderline personality disorders Personality disorders Pubertal Timing and Psychopathology Young adult role attainment Yes/no questions Married, make more than 10,000, BA, etc. Quality of relationships Frequency of socializing Health: doctor visits, smoking Daily depressive symptoms , etc. Current psychosocial functioning Pubertal Timing and Psychopathology Pubertal timing Asked participants whether reached puberty earlier, later than or around same time as their peers Previously reported correlations with self-reported weight and heights 137 for early girls 129 for on-time 120 for late 159 for early boys 153 for on-time boys 152 for late boys Pubertal Ti ...