Documents about Harmful Effects

  • 1 Pages

    4-23-08 notes

    Cornell, COMM 330

    Excerpt: ... Notes: 4/23/08 Media literacy lessons are better than restrictions (house rules, censorship) as a strategy to prevent harmful effects on kids Media literacy stimulates critical thinking and increases awareness of ethical issues surrounding media violence After program, kinds expressed a more critical attitude about media creator responsibilities Associated clips with high risk factors Learned to inquire whether media content is true, accurate, ethical Intervention prevented some increase in positive expectancies related to alcohol Literacy can reduce expectancies and the propensity toward an unhealthy behavior by affecting decision-making Gender sensitivity is key in message design Literacy increases skepticism toward media and also increases desirability? Parental mediation: active, restrictive and co-viewing Increases critical thinking Rules will not stop kids from watching Restrictions (house rules, censorship) are better than media literacy lessons as a strategy to prevent harmful effects on kids ...

  • 2 Pages

    Psyc230Exam1Review

    Radford, PSYCH 230

    Excerpt: ... y do we have? What is DNA? What is the difference between meiosis and mitosis? What is a gamete? What is a zygote? Be able to identify and describe autosomal and X-linked chromosomal abnormalities Prenatal development Be able to list and discuss the different stages of prenatal development (i.e., zygote, embryonic, and fetus).What distinguishes them from each other? What time of prenatal development signifies a `sensitive period' and why? What are teratogens? Be able to identify and provide examples of teratogens and potential harmful effects . ...

  • 4 Pages

    researchPaper

    New Mexico, ENGLISH 101-102-21

    Excerpt: ... Pino 1 Roberta Pino Ms. Bennett English 101 06 November, 2005 Violence in Video Games Violence is everywhere in today's society, on the news, television, and video games. The most popular form of entertainment for children are video games, with about 32% preferring fantasy and violence in 2003 and every year it is increasing ( Cesarone). Violent video games can cause children to have negative outcomes such as: altering a child's perception between fantasy and reality, aggression, and health. Violent video games can cause harmful effects in children. Children's young minds are not usually exposed to violent situations in games, and playing them for hours could eventually alter a child's sense of judgment. Some Children often do not notice the difference between reality and fantasy. Children have great imaginations, and some children think that they can attempt some of the moves that their favorite character or hero performs in the game. Some of the games become so intense that children believe they are "one ...

  • 3 Pages

    2.19 KINES126

    Penn State, KINES 126

    Excerpt: ... Family life/sexuality types of families divorce/remarriage aging process male growth and development female growth and development contraception human reproduction child abuse sexual feelings decision making communication skills preventing STDs Safety water safety bike safety traffic safety fire safety home safety injury prevention emergencies rural safety violence prevention decision making Consumer Health advertising appeals health care products using health care services quackery being a wise consumer Environmental Health water pollution air pollution acid rain solid wastes noise pollution preventing lead poisoning recycling overpopulation violence prevention Substance Abuse alcohol tobacco other drugs (inhalants, narcotics, stimulants, depressants) marijuana decision making drugs for beneficial use over the counter drugs life skills communication peer resistance harmful effects on the body Chronic and Communicable Disease Prevention Preventing HIV transmission avoiding high-risk ...

  • 2 Pages

    HW5

    Pittsburgh, NROSCI 0081

    Excerpt: ... Drugs and Behavior, Homework 5, Fall 2008 Name: _ Due: October 16, 2008 1. What event caused the cigarette consumption to begin to decline in the United States? (1pt) The First Surgeon General's report on smoking in 1964 caused the cigarette consum ...

  • 4 Pages

    March 5 notes

    University of Texas-Tyler, BIOL 1301

    Excerpt: ... March 5 notes 05/03/2008 10:07:00 Topic #7 : Angiosperms Characteristics o Phylogeny Classes Monocots grass Dicots apple tree o Most specious group of plants o Flower (key innovation for directed pollination) Flower parts Flower classification Perfect male and female parts in same flower Imperfect flower is either male or female Monoecious male and female flowers on same plant Dioecious male and female flowers on different plant o Fruit key innovation for dispersal Types of dispersal Wind Water mechanical Animal Eaten but seed survives Cached and forgotten Topic #8 : Harmful Effects Predation o Carnivorous plants extract nutrients (N) Toxins, irritants o Poison ivy, poison oak, poison sumac o Nettles o Some tropical species are particularly dangerous o Parasitism Indian pipe Mistletoe o Strangler fig o Needles, spines, etc o Allergies Topic #9 : Benefits Primary producers (li ...

  • 1 Pages

    HW1

    St. John Fisher, PSYCH 101

    Excerpt: ... ocedures, information about risks and inconveniences, benefits, costs, confidentiality, alternative treatments, and a statement that they are voluntary participation. Question 10: Debriefing is used to counteract or minimize harmful effects . ...

  • 2 Pages

    lec01

    UCSB, ENGR 101

    Excerpt: ... ERes Password What is the first principle? The study of the ethical aspects of the actions and decisions of engineers salad Engineers shall hold paramount the safety, health and welfare of the public. What are engineers' social responsibilities? What are social, political, economic, environmental impacts? Improve or exacerbate known problems? Contribute to "overconsumption"? How to handle trade offs in design process? What are the attributes of a profession? Sophisticated skills, judgment, discretion Extensive formal education Professional societies Results in significant public good 1 A brief history of engineering ethics In late 1800s, professionalization began During WWI, developed codes of ethics In 1930s, state licensing laws passed - "industry exemption" In 1950s, Cold War elevated engineering Public faith in engineering begins to change In 1970s, growing concern over harmful effects of science and technology DC-10 crashes Ford Pinto Three Mile Island BART ...

  • 2 Pages

    Chap_19

    Central Mich., FRANC 1

    Excerpt: ... Chapter 19 Study Guide CHAPTER 19: AIR POLLUTION Summary The layers of the atmosphere are the troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, and thermosphere. Major classes of air pollutants include carbon, sulfur, and nitrogen oxides, volatile organic compounds, suspended particulate matter, photochemical oxidants, radioactive substances, and hazardous chemicals that can cause health problems. Primary sources of these pollutants include cars, industry, and natural phenomena such as volcanic eruptions. The two types of smog are the photochemical and the industrial or grayair smog. Acid deposition includes wet deposition of acidic rain, snow, fog, and cloud vapor with pH less than 5.6, and dry deposition of acidic particles. The solution to this problem is prevention that reduces emissions of acidic nitrogen and sulfur oxides and particulates. Harmful effects of air pollution include various respiratory diseases, premature deaths, damage to plants, and materials such as buildings, cars, statues, etc. We can reduce air ...

  • 2 Pages

    study guide 1 Spring 2008

    N. Colorado, PSY 120

    Excerpt: ... nd NREM sleep REM sleep and dreaming: physiological characteristics of REM sleep, percent of normal night's sleep spent in REM, important functions of REM sleep (role of REM sleep in learning and memory), REM rebound, effects of alcohol on REM sleep REM vs. NREM dreams Theories of content of dreams (what do people dream about-stimulus incorporation, Day Residue), theories of why we dream (Freud, information consolidation, activation-synthesis hypothesis) Sleep disorders: what each is, stage of sleep in which they occur (if applicable) Sleeptalking Sleepwalking Narcolepsy Sleep apnea Insomnia REM behavior disorder Skip section on meditation and hypnosis Psychoactive drugs (see textbook) Definition of substance abuse Physical drug dependence Drug tolerance Psychological drug dependence Main types and their effects: o stimulants o depressants o narcotics o hallucinogens Harmful effects associated with each of the following o Cocaine o Tranquilizers o Marijuana o LSD o MDMA (i.e., Ecstasy) ...

  • 2 Pages

    PSY3204 CHPT.EXERCISES AND SOLUTIONS

    UCF, PSY 3204

    Excerpt: ... rocess? 5. Consider yourself and describe 3 populations to which you belong? 6. How often are population parameters known? 7. Give three examples of a variable applying to people. 8. In an experiment, a scientist is interested in the effect of a drug on reaction time. He gives various doses of the drug and then measures blood levels of the drug and reaction time in a driving task. What is the independent variable? The dependent variable? 9. If someone asked you the average height of everyone in your family and you actually measured each of the people in your family to calculate the average, have you calculated a statistic or parameter? 10. A student hears a lecture on the harmful effects of drug X on intellectual functioning. The student then tells his friend that drug X is harmful. What method of inquiry has the student relied upon to learn about drug X? Exercise Solutions 1. Both use reason to arrive at knowledge, but in addition, scientific method uses objective assessment to test the validity of an ...

  • 2 Pages

    week9minilecturedrafting

    MD University College, COMM 600

    Excerpt: ... t the children in the study who were exposed to side stream smoke suffered more respiratory illnesses than those who were not. Some writers will just leave the reader to close the loop, but a good writer will add another sentence such as "This study shows that some of the potentially harmful effects of side stream smoke can be identified and studied. Other studies may find additional harmful effects ." The last part of the paper to draft is the conclusion. I frequently do not work very much on the conclusion when I write the first draft of the paper. For me, it is enough to know that I will need to summarize my basic findings and restate the thesis of the paper. I know that I will need to help the reader see the significance of the thesis in wider terms, but I often leave that until a later draft of the paper. As I work on the first draft, I usually find myself understanding my research and becoming more confident about it, so that becomes easier to write the conclusion to the paper. Your job for this week is ...

  • 1 Pages

    readme

    TCU, BJONES 20263

    Excerpt: ... pp-lecture The PowerPoint slides in this folder are designed to be used to support lectures on the textbook contents. They include the text figures plus bulleted lists and other slides that reflect the narrative. Some instructors choose to post the ...

  • 1 Pages

    StudyGuideS08C

    Illinois Tech, MATH 149

    Excerpt: ... <STUDYGUIDES08C.TXT> {5-9-2008} Math 149 Spring 2008 Final Study Guide, Part III - Chapter 6 Concept Check, p. 378: 1,2,3,4,5 Exercises: 1-6, 7-11, 12-16 Chapter 9 Concept Check, p. 598: 1 Exercises: 1, 3a, 7 ...

  • 2 Pages

    JohnsonDiversey Inc APEOs 2006

    UCSB, ESM 219

    Excerpt: ... ears in consumer cleaning and personal care products and for industrial uses to enhance the effectiveness of agricultural pesticides, metal finishing and wool and paper processing. APEOs have increasingly been associated with harmful effects in the environment and may have harmful effects on humans. "Our mission is to be our customers' best partner in providing safe, healthy, high performing facilities," said JohnsonDiversey President and CEO Ed Lonergan. "We're excited to bring our customers these new formulas to meet their facility cleaning and hygiene needs while also reducing their impact on human health and the environment." Many industries in Europe have voluntarily banned APEOs, and the European Commission has likewise restricted their use. Switzerland is the only country to outright ban APEO surfactants, which it did in the early 1990s. As APEOs breakdown in the environment, the resulting components, such as nonylphenols (NPEs), have been shown to be toxic to aquatic species and potential endocrine di ...

  • 3 Pages

    Quiz 2 Psyc4420 Study Guide

    CSU East Bay, PSYCHOLOGY 4420

    Excerpt: ... he three life-support systems that develop during the embryonic period for babies. 2. List five general categories of teratogens. 3. List 3 factors that influence the severity of the damage due to teratogens . 4. List 3 effects of nicotine on fetal development. 5. List three sexually transmitted diseases that can adversely affect a newborn. 6. List three ways maternal anxiety can influence the birth process and the newborn. 7. List three environmental hazards that can endanger the fetus. 8. List two harmful effects on the fetus and /or the newborn that are more likely to occur when the mother is an adolescent; and list two harmful effects that are more likely to occur when the mother is 35 or older. 9. List three paternal factors that can impact fetal development. 10. Name and briefly define/describe the three stages of the birthing process. 11. List four of the five health signs evaluated by the Apgar Scale. 12. List four possible causes of low birth weight in babies. 13. ...

  • 4 Pages

    Lecture 5

    University of Michigan, CEE 260

    Excerpt: ... Risk Assessment Lecture#5 Risk Risk Assessment Potency Factor (ICP#1) Incremental Cancer Risk (ICP#2) Overview What is risk? What are the steps of risk assessment for pollutants? What do common dose-response curves look like? What is a potency factor and how is it calculated (ICP#1)? How can incremental cancer risk be estimated (ICP#2)? Reading: R: Ch 14 (sections 14.1 14.6) Environmental Regulation provides the means to implement the laws for environmental protection allows concentration standards to be established for protecting public and ecosystem health from harmful effects of pollutants e.g., in air NAAQS, in water MCLs but how does one establish the needed information on which to base air and water quality standards this is a question of hazard and risk assessment What is Risk? Risk Assessment? Risk: The probability that a substance or situation will produce harm under specific conditions. Risk is a combination of two factors: the probability that an adverse event will occur and the ...

  • 2 Pages

    Assignment_4

    Oregon State, P 22004

    Excerpt: ... _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ 9. Were the investigators justified in using a placebo group for their study? Why? _ _ _ _ _ _ 10. How would the conclusions regarding harmful effects differed if a placebo group was not used? (For instance, what if they had just compared Encainide and Flecainide?) _ _ _ _ ...

  • 2 Pages

    DDT vs

    Michigan State University, ISB 201L

    Excerpt: ... DDT vs. Malaria OUTLINE Peter Schnelle A40321951 Malaria, while no longer getting much attention is one of the biggest killers on our planet today. This issue is made further complex by the fact that the single most effective eradicator of the disease, and insecticide called DDT, is banned in many countries because of its inherent environmental hazards. While the human toll is large, our efforts must be focused on finding an alternative to DDT that does not have such a negative effect on so many species. Three hundred million people are estimated to contract malaria this year, with 2 million of those people dying. On a side note, 90 percent of these people will be from Africa. DDT has no known harmful effects towards humans. No international aid group will advocate or provide funds for the use of DDT. Malaria costs Uganda $347 million dollars a year. It costs African countries collectively an estimated 3 to 12 billion a year. Half of the Malaria related deaths in Uganda were of ...

  • 2 Pages

    Chap27_2008

    Virginia Tech, BIOL 1006

    Excerpt: ... Chapter 27 Community Interactions Vocabulary camouflage climax community coevolution commensalism community competition competitive exclusion principle disturbance ecological niche interspecific competition intertidal zone intraspecific competition invasive species keystone species mimicry mutualism parasite pioneer primary succession resource partitioning secondary succession startle coloration succession symbiosis warning coloration Things to know: 1. A community is the _ or living component of an ecosystem. 2. Study Table 27-1. 3. Why is interspecific competition harmful to both species involved? 4. Describe Gause's experiment that demonstrates the competitive exclusion principle. 5. MacArthur showed that when two species with similar requirements coexist, the harmful effects of competition are reduced due to _. 6. What effects of interspecific competition did J. Connell observe in his experiments with barnacles? 7. You should be able to describe the evolutionary adaptations of predator and ...