Documents about Involving Human Subjects

  • 1 Pages


    Cornell, D SOC 101

    Excerpt: ... DSOC 1101 Response Paper #2 Due in section the week of February 9, 2009 In 1-2 typed, doubled-spaced pages, answer one of the following: 1. According to your textbook, what are two things sociologists do when asking questions and seeking answers that set their inquiry apart from the common sense or mere speculation of the average non-sociologist? 2. The Belmont Report proposes three criteria for the evaluation of research involving human subjects , respect for persons, beneficence and justice. Based on the film, Deadly Deception, describe how the Tuskegee Study failed to conform to each of these criteria. ...

  • 2 Pages


    JMU, POSC 295

    Excerpt: ... a. fair selection of subject b. who should hear the risk of a study, who is equal and who is not, who should receive its benefits c. the concept of justice may be questioned when we attempt to decide who will be given an opportunity to participate and who (and for what reason) will be excluded d. Justice is a difficult and complex ethical issue. However, attempt it at all times to distribute the risks and benefits fairly and without bias. G. Common Rule 1. 1981-1991: Federal Government established regulations based on the Belmont Report 2. 1991: all federally sponsored research is covered by a common set of regulations 3. 45 CFR 46: The Common Rule H. Research 1. The IRB only reviews research involving human subjects . 2. RESEARCH is a systematic investigation, including research development, testing, and evaluation, designed to develop or contribute to generalizeable knowledge. Any forethought of publication is research. I. Levels of IRB Review 1. Exempt Status a. Only 1 IRB has to approve this b. Human ...

  • 58 Pages


    Cornell, PHIL 2450

    Excerpt: ... Atul Gawande's piece (in section this week) Contemporary issues in informed consent Tuskegee syphilis Experiments 1932-72 Alabama (US Public Health Service) Government radiation studies 1944-74 Use of bio-warfare vaccines without consent of military personnel in the Gulf war. AIDS experiments in the developing countries Informed Consent and Human Research Codes The National Commission grounded requirement of informed consent in the ethical principle that includes that -individuals be treated as autonomous agents -individuals with diminished autonomy have the right to protection. WHO/CIOMS Proposed International Guidelines for Biomedical Research Involving Human Subjects Informed Consent and Human Research Codes Experiments that involve human subjects are required to meet certain guidelines. The Nuremberg Code identifies attributes of consent: consent must be "voluntary", "legally competent" and "informed". CIOMS guidelines for use of subjects in developing countries Protection of subject ...

  • 3 Pages

    Sunstein 3

    Arcadia University, ED 110.B

    Excerpt: ... ure). Comment on your list as described by Mimi Harvey in Box 12 (136-138). You might also look ahead to the handout from Ruby Payne's Framework For Understanding Poverty for this as well. Age College experience Family experience Only child Middle-Class family Math Skills Paycheck 8. How did Karen Dowling negotiate her entry into her Photo Phantasies Fieldwork? (138-139) Karen sent in a letter stating her intentions and reasoning for doing the fieldwork. She then had to wait for permission from the board to allow her to do so. She then had to find a time best suitable for Ginny, the store manager. 9. Explain the 3 major principles relevant to the research involving human subjects Respect for Persons Informants should only participate voluntarily. They should not be pressured into offering more time than they have. Beneficence- Researchers should protect informants against risk from harm or from the loss of any benefit. All profits must be shared or the story cannot sell. Justice- Informants must be selected ...