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LING 101 - UNC Study Resources
  • 2 Pages LING 101 Roots
    LING 101 Roots

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Roots Every word has a single roota free morpheme onto which other, bound morphemes may be attached. Exception: Compound words (like pancake or blackboard) have two roots (free morphemes). Bound Roots: There are certain words which clearly have m

  • 6 Pages Linguistics What is it not
    Linguistics What Is It Not

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Linguistics: What is it not? Wednesday, August 24, 2011 10:02 AM *Where words come from, whether or not to use prepositions at the end of sentences, whether a dialect is correct, etc. Language is taken for granted. *There is much more to language than the

  • 6 Pages Morphology The Analysis of Word Structure
    Morphology The Analysis Of Word Structure

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Morphology: The Analysis of Word Structure Thursday, October 06, 2011 7:47 PM Words and word structure 1. 2. Lexicon: A speaker's mental dictionary of words. Morpheme: The smallest unit of language that carries information about meaning or information. 1.

  • 12 Pages Notes
    Notes

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    AJ! Monday, November 28, 2011 11:20 AM Morphology 1. 1. 1. Level of the word 1.a. Morphemes 1.a.i. The smallest meaningful unit in a word. 1.a.i.1. Dog, it, dogs 1.a. Allomorphs When deciding if something is a morpheme it needs to be based on data. 1.a. H

  • 8 Pages Phonetics The Sounds of Language
    Phonetics The Sounds Of Language

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Phonetics: The Sounds of Language Thursday, August 25, 2011 12:47 PM *Human bodies and minds are specially made for speech* Neural impasses and throat mechanics. Phonetics 1. 2. The inventory and structure of the sounds of speech. Phones: The wide variety

  • 5 Pages Phonology The Function and Patterning of Sounds
    Phonology The Function And Patterning Of Sounds

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Phonology: The Function and Patterning of Sounds Monday, September 19, 2011 3:58 PM 1. Phonology: The component of a grammar made up of the elements and principles that determine how sounds pattern in a language. 1. Syllable: A unit of linguistic structur

  • 2 Pages Section 1
    Section 1

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Section 1 Monday, November 07, 2011 5:50 PM 1. 1. 1. 2. 3. 1. 1. 1. 1. 2. 1. 1. 2. 1. 1. Meaning: 1.a. An utterance's content. Semantics: 1.a. The study of meaning in human language. Synonyms Antonyms Polysemy: 1.a. Occurs where a word has two or more rel

  • 4 Pages The Study of Language Acquisition
    The Study Of Language Acquisition

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    The Study of Language Acquisition Wednesday, November 16, 2011 9:11 PM Language? Kids? 1. Grammar: The mental system that allows people to speak and understand a language. Two approaches 1. Naturalistic approach Investigators observe and record children's

  • 2 Pages Writing and Language
    Writing And Language

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Writing and Language Monday, September 26, 2011 7:39 PM 1. 2. Writing: The symbolic representation of language by graphic signs or symbols. Logographic writing: The type of writing in which symbols called logograms represent morphemes or even entire words

  • 1 Page SCN_0076
    SCN_0076

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page SCN_0075
    SCN_0075

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 2 Pages SCN_0074
    SCN_0074

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 2 Pages SCN_0073
    SCN_0073

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page Language
    Language

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Wednesday, December 07, 2011 10:02 AM 1. Language 1.a. A system of rules and principles that allows us to organize, understand and 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. express thought. 1.b. A biological phenomenon unique to humans. 1.c. Arbitrariness, symbolic pairing 1.d.

  • 8 Pages Language Change
    Language Change

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Language Change Monday, November 28, 2011 10:07 AM Why do languages change? Do languages always go from more complex to more simple? (the force of destruction) Did all languages come from the same proto-language? Language acquisition 1. Perception-driven

  • 3 Pages LING 101 Phonological Processes
    LING 101 Phonological Processes

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Phonological Processes Objective: Given a rule, determine what, if any, phonological process is at work. Overview & Examples Some phonological rules are examples of specific phonological processes. Assimilation and Dissimilation Assimilation is w

  • 2 Pages LING 101 Morphology trees
    LING 101 Morphology Trees

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Morphology Trees Overview: Draw morphology trees. Overview Morphology trees are diagrams used to illustrate: (1) what are the individual morphemes in a given word, (2) what order the affixes were added to the root, (3) what each affix is doing to

  • 2 Pages LING 101 Lexical Categories
    LING 101 Lexical Categories

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Basic Lexical Categories (Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb) For morphology and syntax, it is vital to be familiar with these lexical categories. (In syntax, we also discuss prepositions, determiners, qualifiers, quantifiers, auxiliaries, and complem

  • 2 Pages LING 101 conventions
    LING 101 Conventions

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Rule-writing Conventions Symbols To Know /X/ X is a phoneme (underlying sound) [Y] Y is an allophone (actual pronunciation in this environment) -> becomes; shows up as / when; where; in the environment of _ placeholder for the allophone, showing

  • 3 Pages LING 101 Phonemes vs allophones
    LING 101 Phonemes Vs Allophones

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Phonemes vs. Allophones Objective: To distinguish phonemes from allophones. Definitions So far, weve been describing speech sounds. Now were going to distinguish between two types of speech sounds: phonemes and allophones. Phoneme: A speech sound

  • 2 Pages LING 101 Minimal pairs
    LING 101 Minimal Pairs

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Minimal Pairs Objective: To identify minimal pairs. Minimal pairs are pairs of words with different meanings and exactly one sound difference. For example, cat and bat are minimal pairs because only the first sound is different ([k] vs [b]). Howe

  • 2 Pages LING 101 Example Problems
    LING 101 Example Problems

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Example Problems: 1. What sound(s) is/are described by this list of features? a. cfw_+labial, +nasal To find this sound, locate all the sounds that are cfw_+labial. Then, find out which cfw_+labial sounds are also cfw_+nasal. There is only sound

  • 2 Pages LING 101 environments
    LING 101 Environments

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Environments Objective: Make charts showing the environments to compare two sounds, and make a decision about complementary vs. contrastive distribution. If complementary, decide which is the underlying phoneme. Overview In order to determine if

  • 3 Pages LING 101 stuff 3
    LING 101 Stuff 3

    School: UNC

    LING 101 What are features? From the description of natural classes, it is clear that sounds have specific features (for example, [t] is alveolar, as is [n], but [k] is not). It is possible to think of every sound as a collection of features which disting

  • 4 Pages The International Phonetic Alphabet
    The International Phonetic Alphabet

    School: UNC

    The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) Objective: Transcribe English speech sounds in the international phonetic alphabet. What is the international phonetic alphabet (IPA), and why do we need one? The International Phonetic Alphabet is a way of transc

  • 2 Pages LING 101  Week 1
    LING 101 Week 1

    School: UNC

    LING 101 Week 1 Condusive Tag Question- A question added at the end of a sentence asking the hearer for confirmation of what was just said. Example- Cecil is still sleeping, isn't he? Prescriptively vs Descriptively wrong Descriptively Wrong- Wrong becaus

  • 1 Page Humans are pre bornequipped with the basics of human language
    Humans Are Pre Bornequipped With The Basics Of Human Language

    School: UNC

    Course: Introduction To Language

    Wednesday, November 16, 2011 10:01 AM *Humans are pre born/equipped with the basics of human language. -Noam Chomsky 1. Encoded in our DNA like walking. 2. We cherish our childrens mistakes. a. We can't understand them. 1. We can teach new words and meani

  • 2 Pages SCN_0072
    SCN_0072

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page SCN_0071
    SCN_0071

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

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    SCN_0070

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 2 Pages Assignment 2.1
    Assignment 2.1

    School: UNC

    Kelsey Kaul Linguistics 101 Assignment 2 _ Chapter 1 Exercise 5 a) Jasons mother left himself with nothing to eat. - Unacceptable - Jasons mother left him/herself with nothing to eat. | There is no longer an improper/unclear usage of himself. b) Miriam is

  • 4 Pages 9- Sociolinguistics
    9- Sociolinguistics

    School: UNC

    Sociolinguistics _ _ Dialect vs. Language * Dialects are mutually intelligible forms of a language that differ in systematic ways * Systematic Differences - includes phonology, syntax, lexicon, morphology - all dialects are rule based, just like languages

  • 6 Pages 8- Language Acquisition
    8- Language Acquisition

    School: UNC

    Language Acquisition _ _ Background * we learn a lot of stuff in a very short amount of time * Children have to learn : 1- Phonetics 2- Phonological Rules 3- Morphological Rules 4- Syntactic Rules 5- Semantics and Pragmatics * no one teaches you how to sp

  • 6 Pages 7- Historical Linguistics
    7- Historical Linguistics

    School: UNC

    Historical Linguistics _ _ Background * all languages change over time, and everything in language can change * language change if often very regular and systematic * historical linguistics looks at diachronic change * Why do languages change? - Articulat

  • 3 Pages Ch2 Homework
    Ch2 Homework

    School: UNC

    Course: Linguistics

    LING 101 05 September 2007 Homework #2 A) Exercise 2 i) Try to match each of the following notions with a morpheme in the Persian data. a) I - dam b) you (SG) -di c) we - dim d) you (PL) - did e) they - dand f) not - na g) was/were + -ing (continuous) - m

  • 1 Page Ch1 Homework
    Ch1 Homework

    School: UNC

    Course: Linguistics

    LING 101 24 August 2007 1) Syntax: In French, to negate something, two words are used. For example, Je ne suis pas alle au magasin. However, in English, only one word is used for this purpose. I did not go to the store. Another difference between French a

  • 3 Pages language%20acquisition
    Language%20acquisition

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    We have claimed that language change is a consequence of language/dialect contact and language acquisition by children (irregular language performance that is acquired as a regular language competence). Compare this to the standard view of language change

  • 1 Page language%20change
    Language%20change

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    Front low vowel is tense in NYC before codas made up of nasal and a voiceless: dance, half, cant, past, bath (also some morphological conditioning: didnt apply to proper names) Newark did not have this tensing sixty years ago. But now it has tense low fro

  • 200 Pages polynesian_cognate_set
    Polynesian_cognate_set

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    Reconstructing Proto-Polynesian (PPN) Irwin J. Howard and Byron W. Bender Department of Linguistics University of Hawaii at Mnoa Instructions: On the basis of the 41 words in five sister languages given in table 1 below, reconstruct the sound system of Pr

  • 1 Page Latin_French_historical
    Latin_French_historical

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    Latin kor kantre klrus kervus karb kwand kentum kinis koda French kr te kl r sr arb k s sdr k Gloss heart to sing clear deer coal when hundred ashes tail

  • 2 Pages language_change
    Language_change

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    results of language change vs the mechanism of language change classical philology (F.A. Wolf) vs. comparative philologists (G. Hermann) biography of the nation vs. analytic understanding of change parallel trajectory in biology race/species pre-Darwinian

  • 4 Pages Linguistics
    Linguistics

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page Assignment 2.22
    Assignment 2.22

    School: UNC

    Kelsey Kaul Linguistics 101 Assignment 2 _ Chapter 2 Exercise 3 a) voiceless b) voiceless c) voiceless d) voiced e) voiced f) voiceless g) voiceless h) voiced i) voiceless j) voiceless k) voiced l) voiced m) voiced n) voiced 0) voiced p) voiced _ Chapter

  • 2 Pages 1- Language, a Preview
    1- Language, A Preview

    School: UNC

    Language, a Preview _ _ Language Five Components 1- Phonetics a. all possible speech sounds; how to make those sounds 2- Phonology a. the sounds within a specific language 3- Morphology a. the way in which words change over time; the altering of words for

  • 2 Pages SCN_0069
    SCN_0069

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 2 Pages SCN_0068
    SCN_0068

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

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    SCN_0067

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

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    SCN_0066

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

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    SCN_0065

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page SCN_0064
    SCN_0064

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 1 Page LING 101
    LING 101

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

  • 5 Pages 6- Semantics
    6- Semantics

    School: UNC

    Semantics _ _ Random : Object Language = what is studied. Meta Language = language used during study. Two Central Focuses * Truth - truth essentially means that given a sentence, you know the conditions that are required in order for that sentences meanin

  • 3 Pages 5- Syntax
    5- Syntax

    School: UNC

    Syntax : the Analysis of Sentence Structure _ _ Background * syntax is the analysis of how we combine words into sentences | the possible combinations are infinite | there are constraints, however, on what combinations are grammatically okay \ based on th

  • 5 Pages 4- Morphology - the analysis of word structure
    4- Morphology - The Analysis Of Word Structure

    School: UNC

    Morphology : The Analysis of Word Structure _ _ Background Info * Lexicon - where morphemes are stored in the brain - includes all non-patterned information of a language * Word - smallest freeform in a language consisting of one or more morphemes | an el

  • 5 Pages 3-  Phonology
    3- Phonology

    School: UNC

    Phonology : the Function and Patterning of Sounds _ _ Background * Phonology - the component of background that determines the selection of speech sounds is phonology - investigates how sound and meaning are related 1- discover the systematic phonetic pat

  • 5 Pages 2- Phonetics the Sounds of Languagex
    2- Phonetics The Sounds Of Languagex

    School: UNC

    Phonetics : the Sounds of Language _ _ Intro Info * humans have specialized neural mechanisms for the perception of speech sound * the examination of the inventory and structure of the sounds of speech = phonetics * Articulatory Phonetics - physiological

  • 3 Pages Pragmatics%202
    Pragmatics%202

    School: UNC

    Course: INTRODUCTION TO LINGUISTICS

    Two sentences are synonymous if and on if they have the same truth conditions and they entail the same sentences. A. Jill persuaded Megan to go to Carolina. B. Megan was persuaded by Jill to go to Carolina. C. Megan changed her mind. D. Megan intended to

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