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Accuracy is very important for this assignment.

1.

(TCO 1). Sociology:
(Points: 5)
is the systematic study of social behavior and human groups
focuses primarily on the influence of social relationships upon people's attitudes and behavior, as well as the influence of people's attitudes and behavior upon social relationships
focuses on how societies are established and change
all of the above


2. (TCO 1). The study of how contemporary societies develop and change is know (Points: 5)
biology
anthropology
sociology
psychology


3.

(TCO 3). Critics of television often suggest that executives of major television networks and movie corporations are white, wealthy males, who decide what programs or movies will be produced and which directors and actors will obtain jobs in the industry. This analysis reflects the:
(Points: 5)
functionalist perspective
conflict perspective
interactionist perspective
global perspective


4.

(TCO 2). Which one of the following disciplines investigates personality and individual behavior?
(Points: 5)
History
Psychology
Political Science
Sociology


5.

(TCO 2). People may behave differently in artificial situations than they would in the “real world.” This poses a particular problem for researchers using:
(Points: 5)
questionnaires
content analysis
replication
laboratory experiments


6.

(TCO 4). The worldwide integration of government policies, cultures, social movements, and financial markets through trade and the exchange of ideas is referred to as:
(Points: 5)
innovation
discovery
globalization
diffusion


7.

(TCO 4). The statement, “attempts to create bilingualism in the United States represent subordinate language minorities seeking opportunities of self-expression,” reflects the views of which sociological perspective?
(Points: 5)
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Global perspective


8.

(TCO 4) Philip Zimbardo's study of a simulated prison environment that used college students as prisoners and prison guards:


(Points: 5)
indicated that it is impossible to replicate a "real life" situation in a laboratory
demonstrated that a social structure can influence the type of social interactions that occur
indicated that social interactions are not influenced by social structure characteristics
all of the above


9. (TCO 3). The teacher-expectancy effect reflects the views of which sociological perspective? (Points: 5)
functionalist
feminist
interactionist
globalist


10.

(TCO 4). Harry Harlow's research with rhesus monkeys indicated that:
(Points: 5)
early childhood deprivation could always be reversed with intense resocialization
the ill effects of being raised in isolation were often irreversible
there was no comparison between the development of the monkeys and human development
midlife deprivation was more serious than early childhood deprivation


11.

(TCO 4). The increased recitation of "The Pledge of Allegiance" and the singing of the "Star-Spangled Banner" to reinforce patriotism following the aftermath of the 9/11 attacks on New York City and Washington D.C. is an example of which functional prerequisite?
(Points: 5)
Replacing personnel
Preserving order
Providing and maintaining a sense of purpose
Teaching new recruits


12.

(TCO 3). Which of the following perspectives is most likely to be concerned about the quality of childcare due to the lack of governmental support for childcare workers that earn less per hour than food
(Points: 5)
Functionalists
Conflict Theorists
Feminists
both B and C


13.

(TCO 1). As a response to the AIDS epidemic, new social networks have emerged that care for the sick, educate the healthy, and lobby for more responsive public policies. The creation of these new networks represents the interests of which sociological perspective?
(Points: 5)
Functionalist perspective
Conflict and feminist perspectives
Interactionist perspective
Global perspective


14.

(TCO 4). A group is any number of people:
(Points: 5)
with similar norms, values, and expectations who regularly and consciously interact
who happen to be together in the same place (e.g., passengers)
who share a common feature (e.g., hair color) but do not interact
all of the above


15.

(TCO 5). Which one of the following would be an example of a bureaucratic dysfunction?
(Points: 5)
The Peter Principle
Employees deprived of a voice in decision-making
The stifling of initiative and imagination
All of the above


16.

(TCO 5). The space shuttle Columbia disaster of 2003 was attributed to mechanical failure and:
(Points: 5)
the bureaucratic culture of NASA
lack of qualified volunteers
failure of primary group relations
all of the above


17.

(TCO 3). Which sociological perspective is most likely to be concerned with television distorting gender roles and stereotyping, often rooted in the media's willingness to promote more traditional views?
(Points: 5)
Functionalist perspective
global perspective
Interactionist perspective
Feminist perspective


18.

(TCO 5). Employees who work full-time or part-time at home rather than in an outside office and who are linked to their supervisors and colleagues through computer terminals, phones, and fax machines are referred to as:
(Points: 5)
Gemeinschaft
bureaucrats
interfacers
telecommuters


19.

(TCO 5). Which characteristic did sociologist Darnell Hunt suggest would be most likely to affect the interpretations of news coverage events by social audiences?
(Points: 5)
gender
class
occupation
race


20. (TCO 5). In Robert Merton's terms, people who over zealously and cruelly enforce bureaucratic regulations can be classified as: (Points: 5)
ritualist
rebels
innovators
retreatists
1. (TCO 6). An inner-city youth spends many hours in the neighborhood playground, shooting baskets on the basketball court and engaging in every game that he can play. His skills become outstanding and he receives a college scholarship and then signs a lucrative contract to play in the National Basketball Association. This is an example of: (Points: 5)
achieved status
ascribed status
horizontal mobility
structural mobility


2. (TCO 9). Social change refers to: (Points: 5)
a theory that holds that society is moving in a specific direction
a view of society as tending toward instability
a view that society is moving in several different directions at the same time
significant alteration over time in behavior patterns and culture, including norms and value


3.

(TCO 9) Positive efforts to recruit minority group members or women for jobs, promotions, and educational opportunities are known as:
(Points: 5)
reverse discrimination
quotas
pluralism
affirmative action


4. (TCO 7). Which of the following is an example of serial monogamy? (Points: 5)
Dave is married to Sheila, but they get divorced and he marries Marlene. After they get divorced, he marries Janet, and when she dies, he marries Lorraine
Maria is married to Juan. Juan dies and Maria marries Carlos
Steve shares an apartment with Bonnie for five years, but then he marries Jessica and they buy a home of their own
both A and B


5. (TCO 9). Which sociological perspective would be most interested in studying how the introduction of an affirmative action program in a factory affects workplace relationships among employees? (Points: 5)
functionalist
conflict
interactionist
globalist


6.

(TCO 4). Capitalism is an economic system in which:
(Points: 5)
means of production are largely in private hands, and the main incentive for economic activity is the accumulation of profits
all property is communally owned and no social distinctions are made on the basis of people's ability to produce
the means of production and distribution are collectively owned
none of the above


7. (TCO 2). Which of the following is not part of the code of ethics for social science researchers (Points: 5)
preserving confidentiality
protecting subjects form personal harm
protecting the privacy of the subjects
making all research notes available for public scrutiny


8. (TCO 1). Children who experience divorce in their families are more likely to experience divorce themselves when they are adults. This is an example of a (Points: 5)
dysfunction of families
latent function of families
manifest function of families
proactive function of families


9.

(TCO 9). A group of individuals form a protest movement to stop the destruction of the Brazilian rain forest, the spread of businesses into wildlife refuges in the United States, and other examples of environmental destruction through expansion and industrial pollution. This group would be an example of:
(Points: 5)
gemeinschaft
technocrats
vested interests
Bear liberals


10.

(TCO 2). The statement, “people who live in poverty have shorter life expectancies than wealthier citizens,” is an example of:
(Points: 5)
causal logic
a correlation
an independent variable
the Hawthorne effect


11.

(TCO 2). The statement, "working mothers are more likely to have delinquent children than are mothers who do not work outside the home," is an example of:
(Points: 5)
causal logic
a correlation
an independent variable
the Hawthorne effect


12.

(TCO 6). A recent analysis of newspaper coverage of female gubernatorial candidates indicated that:
(Points: 5)
newspaper coverage focused on a female candidate's personal life, appearance, or personality more than a male's
newspaper articles are more likely to illustrate political issues with statements made by female candidates
newspapers often fail to cover the political rallies of female candidates
male and female candidates have received equal treatment by the news media in recent elections


13.

(TCO 3). Which sociological perspective would suggest that teaching of creationism and social integration of sacred and profane traditions helps to transmit dominant culture and encourage social cohesion?
(Points: 5)
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Global perspective


14.

(TCO 3). Which sociological perspective notes that organized school prayer could reinforce the religious beliefs, rituals, and interests of the powerful and violate the rights of the powerless?
(Points: 5)
Functionalist perspective
Conflict perspective
Interactionist perspective
Anomie perspective


15.

(TCO 6). Sociologist W.E. Du Bois suggested in the early 1900s that institutionalization of unwed mothers was occurring:
(Points: 5)
due to the independent functions of the family
dual income marriages
in segregated facilities
because of divorce


16. (TCO 6). Which one of the following statements represents a conflict analysis of the elderly in the United States? (Points: 5)
The wisdom of the elderly is viewed as no longer relevant as the production methods change in society.
Working class people are more dependent on Social Security benefits that barely keep pace with escalating costs of necessities.
The privileged position of the upper class generally leads to better health and vigor and to less likelihood of dependency in old age.
all of the above


17.

(TCO 5). In sociological terms, members of a minority group:
(Points: 5)
experience unequal treatment
are outnumbered by the dominant group
speak a different language than the dominant group
are members of a different religious group than the dominant group


18.

(TCO 5). A Colombian woman and an Italian man, working together as members of a construction crew, overcome their initial prejudices and come to appreciate each other's talents and strengths. This is an example of:
(Points: 5)
the self-fulfilling prophecy
the contact hypothesis
exploitation theory
amalgamation


19.

(TCO 4). An inner-city youth spends many hours in the neighborhood playground, shooting baskets on the basketball court and engaging in every game that he can play. His skills become outstanding, and he receives a college scholarship and then signs a lucrative contract to play in the National Basketball Association. This is an example of:
(Points: 5)
achieved status
ascribed status
horizontal mobility
structural mobility


20.

(TCO 4). Which of the following did Max Weber suggests were analytically distinct components of stratification?
(Points: 5)
conformity, deviance, and social control
class, caste, and age
class, prestige, and esteem
class, status, and power "