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Marriage and Family
Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
1. Pets are present in __________ percent of American households.
a. 10
b. 25
c. 40
d. over 50
2. In his book, The New Work of Dogs, journalist Jon Katz argues that, today, most dogs
a. have work responsibilities.
b. are not viewed as family members.
c. are companion animals.
d. do not represent “family.”
3. According to the text, almost 80 percent of families with children have
a. lice.
b. mini-vans.
c. pets.
d. nervous breakdowns.
4. The Census Bureau uses which of the following terms to describe a person or a group
of people residing together?
a. family
b. nuclear family
c. extended family
d. household
5. According to the text, in recent years, people have been
a. marrying earlier in life.
b. avoiding marriage.
c. postponing marriage.
d. cohabiting more than marrying.
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Marriage and Family
6. Cohabitation has emerged as a lifestyle
a. that is stigmatized as unhealthy and immoral.
b. that is much more common than marriage.
c. that continues to be illegal.
d. that can be intermediate between marriage and singlehood or an alternative to mar-
riage.
7. The text reports that between 1990 and 2000, _________ percent of marriages were
preceded by cohabitation.
a. less than 10
b. about 15
c. 25
d. over 50
8. Which of the following theoretical perspectives is directly concerned with the influ-
ence of family policy?
a. interactionist
b. family systems
c. family ecology
d. conflict
9. A strength of the __________ perspective is that it sensitizes us to significant politi-
cal-economic and social-cultural issues that may not be addressed in other theories.
a. interactionist
b. family ecology
c. structure-functional
d. family systems
10. In his book The Culture of Fear, sociologist Barry Glassner demythologizes some
common fears about dangers to children, including all but WHICH of the following?
a. corporate white-collar crime
b. kidnapping by a stranger
c. teen suicide
d. in-school violence
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Marriage and Family
11. The text points out that it appears we cannot ever completely shield children from
global or local dangers, and suggests a(n) __________ analysis of risk.
a. exploratory
b. ecological
c. realistic
d. systems
12. Which of the following is NOT a reason given by the text for decreased American in-
volvement in neighborhood and community?
a. longer working hours
b. commuting patterns
c. homogeneous neighborhoods
d. the tendency to rely on technological tools for interpersonal contact.
13. According to the family development perspective, each developmental task has “on-
time” transitions and a certain order in which major transitions to adult roles take
place, called _______.
a. role sequencing
b. in a row
c. at-a-boys
d. stage order
14. The sequence of singlehood, marriage, parenthood, grandparenthood, and widowhood
are a focus of which of the following perspectives?
a. feminist
b. family development
c. family systems
d. interactionist
15. Which of the following is NOT one of the positive consequences of increased longevity
identified in the text?
a. increasing numbers of elderly people being cared for by a smaller group of middle-
aged and young adults
b. more years invested in education
c. longer marriages for those who do not divorce
d. a longer period during which parents and children interact as adults
Unit 1 Examination
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Marriage and Family
16. The text points out that, as the proportion of children declines,
a. adults are more likely to be living with children.
b. neighborhoods are less likely to contain children.
c. children are more likely to be a consideration in daily life.
d. the needs and concerns of young children will be elevated in our consciousness.
17. The text defines this term as “the opportunities one has for education and work,
whether one can afford to marry, the schools that children attend, and a family’s
health care”:
a. tokens
b. lucky shots
c. life chances
d. cultural bonuses
18. In 2005, the top 20 percent of U.S. families received __________ percent of the na-
tion’s total income.
a. 20
b. 30
c, 40
d. 50
19. Which of the following has the highest family incomes?
a. married couple families in which the wife is not in the labor force
b. married couple families with wives in the labor force
c. male-headed families
d. female-headed families
20. According to the text’s discussion of social class differences among marriages,
a. working-class couples tend to emphasize values associated with parenthood and job
stability and may be more traditional in gender role ideology.
b. white-collar partners are less inclined to value self-expression.
c. middle-class parents stress obedience and conformity in children.
d. parents in working-class families value self-direction and initiative in children.
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Marriage and Family
21. According to a photograph in the text, families who have a parent deployed in Iraq
due to the war sometimes use a __________ as a reminder and emotional focus for
the duration of that family member’s absence.
a. candle in the window
b. “flat daddy” or “flat mommy”
c. photo album
d. flag
22. According to the text, the military is a more “family friendly” setting (at least in
peace time) than the civilian world, and has several benefits and support systems for
families. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
a. family housing
b. extensive health insurance
c. longer deployments overseas
d. day care and school age activity centers for older children
23. Warmth, sensitivity, tenderness, and placing concern about others’ welfare above self-
interest can be classified as __________ character traits.
a. aggressive
b. instrumental
c. expressive
d. agentic
24. The text observes that men are not all alike. Recognizing this, scholars have begun to
analyze __________ in the plural, rather than the singular – a recent and subtle
change meant to promote our appreciation for the differences among men.
a. masculinities
b. agentics
c. machismos
d. instrumentalities
25. Between 1-4% of live births produce children who are __________, that is, children
have some anatomical, chromosomal, or hormonal variation from the male or female
biology that is considered normal.
a. transgendered
b. homosexual
c. transexual
d. intersexual
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    Marriage and Family

    Multiple Choice Questions (Enter your answers on the enclosed answer sheet)
    1. Pets are present in __________ percent of American households.
    a. 10
    b. 25
    c. 40
    d. over 50
    2. In...
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