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Chronic alcohol useabuse affects the hepatic system

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Chronic alcohol use/abuse affects the hepatic system primarily. The gastrointestinal and renalsystems are not as significantly impacted. Central nervous system problems are often seen inacute alcohol intoxication, and may be seen in advanced alcoholic liver disease.PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Comprehension13.During cell injury caused by hypoxia, why does an increase in the osmotic pressure withinthe cell occur?a.Plasma proteins enter the cell.b.The adenosine triphosphatase (ATPase)-driven pump is stronger during hypoxia.c.Sodium chloride enters the cell.d.An influx of glucose occurs through the injured cell membranes.ANS: CIn hypoxic injury, movement of fluid and ions into the cell is associated with acute failure ofmetabolism and a loss of ATP production. Normally, the pump that transports sodium ions out ofthe cell is maintained by the presence of ATP and ATPase, the active transport enzyme. Inmetabolic failure caused by hypoxia, reduced ATP and ATPase levels permit sodium toaccumulate in the cell, whereas potassium diffuses outward. The increase of intracellular sodiumincreases osmotic pressure, which draws more water into the cell. (Transport mechanisms aredescribed in Chapter 1.) The remaining options do not accurately describe the cell injury thatresults in increased osmotic pressure caused by hypoxia.
PTS:1DIF:Cognitive Level: Remembering14.Which statement istrueregarding the difference between subdural hematoma and epiduralhematoma?

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