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A in terms of its visual characteristics b in terms

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a. in terms of its visual characteristicsb. in terms of its pronunciationc. in terms of its meaningd. answering the question “is the word in capital letters?”e. no difference between a, b and c66. The placebo effect is a demonstration of how individuals’ expectations aboutany treatment can affect their experience of the treatment. Which of thefollowing is an example of how this is managed when new treatments (forexample, a new pill or a psychological therapy) are tested for their efficacy(treatment effect), to ensure that any benefit seen is purely due to thetreatment itself, and not due to individuals’ expectations?a. Having an appropriate control conditionb. Randomly allocating individuals to the treatment or control conditionc. Having individuals blinded to their condition allocation (i.e., eachindividual does not know if they are in the treatment or controlcondition)
d. All of the abovee. None of the above67. Which of the following is NOT true about daily hassles?a. There is variation in how individuals interpret (appraise) daily hasslesb. The appraisal of daily hassles is associated with physical ill healthc. The appraisal of daily hassles is associated with mental ill healthd. Daily hassles occur less frequently than major life eventse. They are worse (weaker) predictors of physical ill health than are majorlife events68. Which of the following is a fundamental aspect of the definition of pain? Pain:a. is unrelated to tissue damageb. results entirely from physical input (tissue damage)c. is both a sensory and emotional experienced. results entirely from perceptual sensese. is unreliable69. The main result from the ‘SMILES’ trial, which investigated the link between dietchanges and depression, was that:a. Individuals with clinical depression had worse diets than those withoutdepressionb. Improving one’s diet can positively impact depressive symptoms, and we canconclude cause-and-effect due to the study’s designc. A diet higher in nutrition is associated with less depressive symptoms, but wecannot conclude cause-and-effect due to the study’s designd. Diet was not associated with any change in depressive symptomse. Smiling makes you happy70. What term describes the processes used to manage demands, stress, andconflict?a. Copingb. Appraisalc. Stressd. Behaviour changee. The biopsychosocial model71. The model that first argued that there is more to health than merely theabsence of disease, as discussed in lectures, was which of the following?a. The biopsychosocial modelb. The illness-wellness continuumc. The biomedical modeld. The stress-appraisal-coping modele. The fashion model
72. I take a pill that my friend tells me will increase physiological arousal. Aftertaking it, I start to feel light-headed, spacey, jittery, and panicky. Two hourslater, my friend tells me the pill was inert (it was a sugar pill only with nothingelse in it). This is best a demonstration of:a. The placebo effectb. The nocebo effectc. The biomedical modeld. The illness-wellness continuume. My ‘friend’ being a terrible friend73. As discussed in lectures, there are multiple physical connections between thebrain and the body, where signals can move from certain body parts (e.g. thegastrointestinal system) to the brain, and vice versa. The relevance of thisinformation for the field of psychology is that:a. Therapies that target gastrointestinal health (e.g. dietary interventions)

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