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Article ii declaration of principles and state

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ARTICLE II – DECLARATION OF PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIESThe function of the Declaration of Principles and State Policies in the constitution are:1. To shed light on the meaning of the other provisions of the constitution; and2. To guide all departments in the implementation of the ConstitutionARTICLE III – THE BILL OF RIGHTSTheBill of Rightsmay be defined as declaration and enumeration of the individual rights and privileges which theConstitution is designed to protect against violations by the government or by individual or groups of individuals. It is acharter of liberties for the individual and a limitation upon the power of the state.Classification of Rights1. Natural Rights – right possessed by every citizen without being granted by the State for they are conferred by Godto human being so that he may live a happy life. Ex. The right to live and the right to love.2. Constitutional Rights – rights conferred and protected by the Constitution. Since they are part of the fundamentallaw, they cannot be modified or taken away by the law- making body.Classification of the Constitutional Rights1. Political Rights – rights which give citizens the power to participate directly or indirectly, in the establishment oradministration of the government. Ex: rights of citizenship and suffrage.2. Civil Rights – right which the law will enforce at the instance of private individuals for the purpose of securingthem the enjoyment of their means of happiness.2.1. Social and Economic Rights – rights are intended to insure the well being and economic security of the individual.2.2. Rights of the Accused – Intended for the protection of a person accused of any crime.3. Statutory Rights – provided by law promulgated by the law making body and consequently, may be abolished bythe same body.Ex: rights to receive a minimum wage and to inherit property.The Rights of the Individual As Provided by the Bill of Rights1. No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, or property without due process of law nor shall any person be deniedthe equal protection of the laws.2. The right of person to be secured in their persons, houses, papers, and effect against unreasonable searches andseizures of whatever nature and for any purpose shall be inviolable, and no search warrant or warrant of arrest shall beissued except upon probable cause to be determined personally by the judge after examination under oath or affirmation of
the complaint and the witnesses he may produce, and particularly describing the place to be search and the persons orthings to be seized.3. The privacy of communication and correspondence shall be inviolable except upon lawful order of the court, orwhen public safety or order requires otherwise as prescribed by law. Any evidence obtained in violation of this or thepreceding section shall be inadmissible for any purpose in proceeding.

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Term
Spring
Professor
JEANNE G. ACOSTA
Tags
Government, Provinces of the Philippines

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