History of Western Civilization From Absolutism to Present

History of Western Civilization From Absolutism to Present...

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I. Key principles of the Enlightenment a. Supremacy of reason Application of “sound thinking” to: Government Justice Education Family life Religion b. Rejection of authority as a basis for knowledge and power c. Opposition to restraints i. Censorship ii. Intolerance iii. Coercion in education iv. Economic restrictions d. Favored leadership by an educated and enlightened elite               ENLIGHTENED MONARCHY Frederick the Great of Prussia Joseph II of Austria
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Catherine the Great of Russia II.  Major Philosophers and Writers: The “philosophes” – popularizers of social and natural science Influence in society through aristocratic salons, wide celebrity throughout Europe a. Francois Marie Arouet Aka Voltaire (1694-1778) Leading writer, poet, historian, satirist, playwright Time in exile (England, Germany)  Relationship with Madame du Chatelet “Reformer, not a revolutionary” Deist – “Clockmaker God”
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History of Western Civilization From Absolutism to Present...

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