09 - Gender.pdf - Module 9 Gender Fr an kie HR9610 CRITICAL...

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Module 9 - GenderClick to edit Master title styleClick to edit Master subtitle style02/07/202111Module 9GenderHR9610CRITICAL ORGANISATIONAL ANALYSISSex vs. GenderSexas characteristics that are biologically defined, whereasgenderis based on socially constructed features.(World Health Organisation)Sex describes the biological sex a person was assigned at birth.Gender identity is a component of gender that describes a person's psychological sense of their gender.12© Copyright of Frankie Yee (2022). No portion of these notes may be reproduced nor used in any other instructional programmes unless authorised by the author. Unauthorised copying of these notes would lead to legal action.Frankie Yee Frankie Yee
Module 9 - GenderStages in Gender Equality1900sFew women,too manyrestrictions &full focus onwork1950sHigher number ofwomen, introduction togender sensitivity &separation of work frompersonal life1970sIncreased number ofwomen, demand for genderequality & work spills intopersonal life1980sLarge number of women infields previously reserved formen, rise of gender equityadvocacy and work‐life balance2000sThe rise of third‐waveeconomy women withtall & dauntingprofessional profilesGender based pay differentialsAre there any reasons why men get higher starting pay than women in Singapore? Is it just about serving national service?In 2018, women full-time employees earned 16.3% less than men did in terms of median income (MOM, 2018).34© Copyright of Frankie Yee (2022). No portion of these notes may be reproduced nor used in any other instructional programmes unless authorised by the author. Unauthorised copying of these notes would lead to legal action.Frankie Yee Frankie Yee
Module 9 - GenderIs this the case in Singapore?Although local female employees in the creative industry boast a higher level of education than their male counterparts, they are still receiving smaller pay packages. In terms of overall educational levels of local employees, women fared better than men, particularly in the marketing, communication, PR and events sectors where 91% of women hold a degree or higher, compared to 89% of men. Additionally, 28% of women have a masters, compared to 22% of men.Yet, on average, larger creative companies in Singapore pay male employees 15% more than women.(Source : ,Singapore’s gender salary gap still evident, 2013)iness/economy/no‐improvement‐in‐singapores‐gender‐pay‐gap‐since‐2006‐report56© Copyright of Frankie Yee (2022). No portion of these notes may be reproduced nor used in any other instructional programmes unless authorised by the author. Unauthorised copying of these notes would lead to legal action.Frankie Yee Frankie Yee
Module 9 - Genderm/singapore/first‐nationwide‐study‐gender‐wage‐difference‐manpower‐ministry‐shows‐gap‐has‐widenedWomen got S$342 less in median monthly salary than men who were in similar job roles.

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