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Team Test 2 i.d's

Team Test 2 i.d's - Team Test I.D.s Week 7 1 Gorbachev...

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Team Test I.D.s November 20, 2007 Week 7 1. Gorbachev Growing up as a communit, he wanted to reform and strengthen the Communist party 1986-7 Created 4-Point programs 2. Perestroika Part of Gorbachevs 4 point program for reformation Stop stagnation; overhaul and modernize economy 9 point program (capitalist reforms) Made factories self-financing Workers paid by how much they produced Goods corresponded to price Competition among factories Family farm – farmers could sell goods 3. Glasnost “openness” Democratic reforms Explored corruption and incompetents for the benefit of economy Civil Society – freedom of speech, press, political parties 4. Pamyat A radical group that wants to go back to the time of Alex III 1. extreme Russion nationalism 2. Eastern Orthodox 3. Hated west and democracy 4. Extreme Anti Semitism Darker Side of freedom emerges 5. Chernobyl April 1986 Refers to the nuclear power station explosion and the exposed Soviet corruption Attempted to conceal the accidents. Irresponsibility and carelessness Gorbachev took responsibility Made new appointments 6. Nationalities Problem Ethnic groups with in Russia who wanted independence (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia) Gorbachev withdrew troops and gave them independence Bush was too timid to acknowledge independence of some ethnic groups (Ukraine and Belarus)
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Week 9 1. Confucius Philosopher of life in China (551-449 BCE) Believed gov. should be run by people that know how Created Exam system Determined status hierarchy Meritorious officials Ways and Behaviors in Life 3 Bonds, 5 Relationships in life 2. Mandate of Heaven Emperors rule by permission When an emperor becomes too corrupt another family overthrows the dynasty 3. Scholar/Gentry Landowners that passed the exam Most respected after Emperor 4. Three Bonds 1. Emperor to subjects (dominant to subordinate) 2. father to son (father can kill son for disobeying) 3. husband to wife (law – wife obeys husband) 5. Imperial Bureaucracy Type of government China had Ruled by emperor through birth All men in government passed civil service exam Talented and had organized bureaucracy 10 century – Government officials must be Scholars 6. Examination System To determine position of status hierarchy “4 orders” Confucius came up with liberal arts examination system 4 orders: 1. Scholar/Gentry 2. Peasants 3. Artisans 4. Merchants Not respected: 5. Soldiers 6. Actors and Actresses 7. Hong Merchant Only Merchants allowed to trade with foreigners (had a monopoly) Became very corrupt and wealthy 8. Qing Dynasty
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From 1644-1911 Manchu Chinese – First Dynasty that was not Han Chinese Chinese justified the fall of Qing dynasty on the fact that they were not Han 9. Han Chinese 90% of China All Dynasties except Qing Chinese viewed these different groups like different races 10. British East India Company A monopoly trade organization Licensed by the British government Parallel to the Hong merchants Traded for tea with Gold and silver with China Britain and China agreed on free trade
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