Unit 2 Survival - Massachusetts Maritime Academy/Vessel...

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Capt. Murphy/Unit 02 1 Vessel Familiarization Unit 02 Principles of Survival At Sea Principles of Survival At Sea
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Capt. Murphy/Unit 02 2 Principles of Survival At Sea Unit Learning Objectives 1. Learn to understand and control fear 2. Learn to understand courage 3. Explain the value of leadership 4. Describe the functions of a leader 5. Explain the “Seven Steps For Survival” and provide examples. 6. Explain and demonstrate the international distress signals. Understanding Fear What is fear? Fear is perhaps man’s oldest and most powerful emotion. Fear is a painful emotion excited by ignorance, the expectation of evil, or the apprehension of harm from impending danger. The order and progressive degrees of fear are: 1. apprehension 2. fear or panic 3. dread 4. fright 5. terror
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Capt. Murphy/Unit 02 3 Understanding Fear We fear things in direct proportion to our ignorance of them. We must never allow ourselves to be driven by fear or panic into unreasoned action. Perhaps the most famous quote about fear is: "The only thing we have to fear is fear itself; nameless, unreasoning, unjustified, terror which paralyzes needed efforts to convert retreat into advance." -- FDR’s First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1933 “Experience will help you to master your fear” -- Hannibal Lecter , The Red Dragon. Recognizing the Symptoms of Fear Irritability Increased hostility A flood of talk - followed by complete silence Hysterical laughter and/or crying Confusion Forgetfulness Inability to concentrate Sensation of unreality Panic, bewilderment Rapid heartbeat Rapid breathing Pupils dilated Muscular tension, increased tiredness Sweating—hands, armpits and feet Dry mouth and throat High-pitched voice and stammering An empty stomach, causing giddiness Nausea and vomiting Loss of continence Inability to speak Inability to hear Inability to move Physical Signs & Symptoms
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Capt. Murphy/Unit 02 4 Controlling Fear Feelings of fear are natural when you believe you life is threatened. Do not be ashamed to admit that you are afraid. Even though your adrenalin is raging, you must learn to control your panic. Take three deep breaths and slow down your thought process half a beat. The principles of survival at sea stress the importance of regular training and drills, preparedness for any emergency, knowledge of actions to be taken and knowledge of the main dangers to survivors. Your training, experience and knowledge will save you. Organization and discipline are critical to your survival. Controlling Fear
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Unit 2 Survival - Massachusetts Maritime Academy/Vessel...

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