ethical issues and organ allocation - Running head ETHICAL HEALTH CARE ISSUES IN ORGAN ALLOCATION 1 Organ Allocation and Ethical Health Care Issues

ethical issues and organ allocation - Running head ETHICAL...

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Running head: ETHICAL HEALTH CARE ISSUES IN ORGAN ALLOCATION 1 Organ Allocation and Ethical Health Care Issues HCS/545 August 19, 2013 Mary Cummings
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ORGAN ALLOCATION AND ETHICAL HEALTH CARE ISSUES 2 Organ Allocation and Ethical Health Care Issues The medical profession abides by a Code of Ethics. Physicians are dedicated to provide medical service with compassion and dignity. Providing patients with the best health service possible interests is the main duty of the medical profession. Medical facilities and physicians strive to live up to this code and frequently use all available resources to provide the best medical care to their patients. Many times because of limited resources physicians are cannot provide the services patients need. Organs for transplantation are an example of a limited resource. Because there are not enough available organs for every patient who could benefit some will receive a needed transplant, and some will not. This creates a dilemma for the medical profession that has sworn to uphold the duty to do all it can to benefit a patient since the best care they can provide is limited by availability. The scarcity of organs for transplantation results in allocation of the available resources. Guidelines have been established stating standards and a protocol for applying the standards. Standards include urgency of need, blood type, size of the organ, likelihood of success, contribution to society, life expectancy, ability to pay, location of organ and recipient, length of wait and likelihood to follow aftercare advice (Kilner, 1990). There are different standards for different organ transplants. The lists of waiting recipients is meant to be objective. Recipients are given scores based upon the standards. Physicians blindly review the scores and place the recipients on the waiting list.. Because child donors are much rarer the standards used are slightly different from the standards uses for the adult list.
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