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Scientific Method in Psychology unit 9 Rachael.docx - 1...

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1Scientific Method in PsychologyAuthor's NameCourse NameProfessor's NameDepartment, Institutional AffiliationDate
2Table of Content1.Section one (scientific method)1.1 Introduction…………………………... 41.2 Definition of scientific method………41.3 Benefits of scientific method………...41.4 Conclusion…………………………...42.Section two (research methods)2.1 Introduction………………………….52.2 Experimental method………………...52.3 Strengths……………………………...52.4 Weaknesses…………………………...52.5 Non-experimental method……………52.6 Strengths……………………………...52.7 Weaknesses……………………………52.8 Conclusion…………………………….53.Section three (aggression)3.1 definition……………………………...63.2 causes of attack…………………63.3 psychodynamic theory………………63.4 Strengths and weaknesses…………...73.5 behaviorist theory……………………73.6 Strengths and weaknesses……………73.7 Conclusion……………………………84.Section four (research ethics)4.1 Introduction…………………………...8
34.2 Ethical guidelines…………………….84.3 Relevance of the approaches………….94.4 Conclusion……………………………94.5 Reference……………………………...11
4Scientific Method in PsychologyIntroductionPsychological researchers have consistently shown sincere attempts to explain humanbeings' behavior and the phenomena behind them. This comes from expressing specificbehaviors that may not be well understood among different individuals and, therefore, hard toexplain. This has thus necessitated the employment of research tools based on modernscience to bring to awareness and understanding what factors are likely to be associated withparticular types of behavior. The psychologists resolved to use scientific methods to ensurethat conclusions are based on substance and evidence facts.Section OneThe scientific method in psychology refers to psychologists' conformed ways to makeobservations, collect data, develop predictions, test the credibility of such forecasts, andfinally interpret the outcomes. Therefore, through the scientific method as a guide,psychologists researchers make observations to describe a particular behavior in measurableterms. This involves observing that specific behavior at intervals in a repeated manner,collecting evident proof, and after that formulating theory attempting to explain why aparticular behavior event occurs.The scientific method helps psychological research because it allows confirmation ofdata in several events in different environments and by various researchers. In general terms,therefore, the scientific method revolves around facts and limits the influence ofpreconceived notions (Benjamin & Englich, 2020, p. 455). This always comes with theconsideration of independent variables: the variables that cause a particular event. Theindependent variables are proceeded by dependent variables: the resultant outcome and theimpact of the independent variable.Section Two
5Starting with experimental methods, one of such methods is a field study. Suchmethods evaluate whether changes associated with the independent variables subsequentlyinfluence significant changes in the dependent variables. Secondly, in comparison to the non-

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