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FinalexamB Miklowitz spring06 philosophy230

FinalexamB Miklowitz spring06 philosophy230 - 250 QESERVE...

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Unformatted text preview: 250 QESERVE. Fwt’rL Phil. 230: PhiloSophical Classics Dr. Paul Miklowitz FINAL EXAMINATION Directions: This exam consists of 15 true/false questions (1-15) and 60 multiple choice questions (16-75). Please use a "Scantron Form 882" answer card and a No. 2 pencil . to record your responses. - You have two hours for this exam, and you may not use your books or notes. Please hand in both your answer form and these questions when you are finished. We: ‘ 1. Logic is the study of knowledge. F 2. Epistemology is the study of knowledgeT 3. Metaphysics is the study of knowledge. {3 4. Politics is not one of the traditional subdivisions of philosophy. F -5. Socrates was not a real person, but only a character‘in Plato's dialogues? 6. Socrates was Plato's teacher and Plato was Aristotle's teacher. 'T 7. Aristotle was Alexander the Great's teacher.T '- 8. Unlike Plato, Aristotle did not write dialogues. l: 9. Unlike Plato, Aristotle did not believe the senses could give us true knowledge. . P 10. Descartes, is famous both as a philosopher and as a mathenatician. F“ 11. According to Kant, metaphysics is not possible as a science. I; 12. Things-in-thenselves are necessarily in space“ and time, _ according to lKant.T 13. Synthetic propositions are determined by the law of contradiction. F— 14. The third essay in Nietzsche's W is about the meaning of aesthetic ideals. _ - /( 15. Nietzsche was a Nazi. T Phil. 230 - Final Exam Dr. Miklowitz Page 2 Wm . . 16. The first philosopher in the Western tradition is generally said . be: ' 6, Thales - Socrates c) Anaximander \\d&\ Heraclitus \e~)\ Plato 17. \29\ Pythagoras thought it sinful to eat beans, while Parmenides was a bean farmer \bi Pythagoras was an Athenian, while Parmenides belonged to Sparta, the enemy of Athens c) ' Pythagoras believed in the truth of geometrical knowledge (such as the "Pythagorean Theorem"), while Parmenides was primarily a religious thinker _ Pythagoras believed that all reality was composed of numbers, while Parmenides believed all reality to be a unity - they were not opposed; Parmenides was, in fact, a student of Pythagoras' a 18. The pre-Socratic philosopher who held that fire was the most basic of the elements was: a) Thales b) Heraclitus c) Pythagoras d) Anaximenes e) Parmenides 19. According to Plato, true knowledge can be gained only by means of. divine revelation . k mathemati cs \BQ\ logical analysis \da\ accidental_discovery e) dialectic @ (“Q the Forms 20. -True knowledge for Plato is knowledge of: God c) correct opinion ' \dl_ objects of experience e mathematical ideas Phil. 230 — Final Exam Dr. Miklowitz ‘Page 3 21. which of the following is not the focal point of one of the arguments Socrates uses to establish the immortality of the soul? opposites are generated out of opposites the doctrine of recollection the theory of Forms the essence of the soul the unlawfulness of suicide 22. Which of the following is claimed in Simmias' "atunement theory"? when the body dies, the soul must die too the body is like a stringed lyre, the soul is like the harmony played on the lyre like harmony, which the Greeks believed to be divine, the soul is divine '" all of the above none of the above 23., How does Socrates refute the atunement theory? the soul and body are perpetually quarreling harmony admits of degrees but the soul does not it contradicts the doctrine of recollection the soul is not conditioned by the body, but rather conditions it all of the above 24. Why is the "weaver analogy" of Cebes a stronger challenge to Socrates than the atunement theory? ’ are ed) N§%\ because a weaver is a human being, while a lyre is an inanimate thing because it accounts for the prior existence of the soul because it doesn' t rely on mythological claims about the suppoSed divinity of harmony because it accounts for the future existence of the s oul it isn 't a stronger challenge; Socrates actually has more trouble with the atunement theory 25. “‘“ 26. 27. 28. 29. Phil. 230 - Final Exam Dr. Miklowitz Page 4 Why does Socrates tell Crito that he owes a debt to Asclepius just e) before he dies? because he regarded death as a cure from life gecause he had lost a bet that Athens Would never put him to eath because he had borrowed money from him to pay the cost of his defense in court because he was an honorable man who wanted to settle all his debts with his fellow men before he died none of the above Which of the following was probably not one of Descartes' reasons for writing the Meditatigng? \ 9-0 U‘ vvv \>\ to persuade the Church that reason was not inconsistent'with faith to make philosophy as logical and certain as mathemetics to convince himself of his own existence to purge philosophy of unresolvable Scholastic debates to prove the existence of God Which of the following is no; exploited by Descartes' method of systematic doubt? ‘ Q ”as \fl‘ ‘191 we may be dreaming memory may be faulty the senses may deceive us there may be an "evil demon" argumentation may reach the wrong conclusion The conclusion of Descartes' second meditation is: 623 (C), a) e) a) \ I am a thinking thing I think; therefore I am I think, I am God exists I may be deceived in what I believe The formal reality of the idea of God is: an attribute of an infinite substance an infinite substance an attribute of a finite substance an idea of an infinite substance less than an infinite suibstance but more than a finite substance ...
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