1. Peshach (passover) – The festival recalling the escape from Egypt in the exodus. 2. Decalogue – Refers to laws connected into a group of ten; the Decalogue is the ten Commandments received by Moses on Mount Sinai. 3. Pharaoh – Egyptian term for “great house” that became the generic term for king of Egypt. 4. Fatalism – what will be, will be. The doctrine that all events are predetermined by fate and are therefore unalterable. 5. Deism – God is detached from the present working of the universe; to contrary God is involved in Human affairs. 6. Henotheism – loyalty to one God without denying the existence of other Gods. 7. Code of Hammurabi – A Mesopotamian law code associated with the eighteenth-century B.C.E. Old Babylonian monarch Hammurabi; it has similarities to the biblical Book of the Covenant. 8. Habiru – An Akkadian term denoting persons or groups who were social and political outlaws from established society. 9. Hyksos – Derived from Egyptian for “rulers of foreign countries,” these Semitic rulers
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Moses, Mesopotamian law code, Babylonian monarch Hammurabi