1 The articles of confederation were drafted in 1777 and ratified during war times as a quick and

1 The articles of confederation were drafted in 1777 and ratified during war times as a quick and

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1 The articles of confederation were drafted in 1777 and ratified during war times as a quick and formal way or governing. But after t he war was over the articles was found out to be a weak central government as a whole and full of problems. First of all there was no necessity to pay taxes to the central government and as soon as the war was won the British flooded the market with imports while America had little to no exports at all. Also since they were no longer apart of the empire the prices had risen substantially, add this with the fact that the soldiers who fought for the Americans returned home only to find that they had received no pay and what they received was in inflated useless printed paper. The inflation led to depression after the war and was felt in Massachusetts with rebellion. Daniel Shay was a decorated war hero who got fed up with the new taxes being levied by the courts so he gathered 500 men and forced the courts to shut down in order to prevent any new taxes from being passed. The rebellion was shot down rather quickly and a few men were killed for treason. This helped the push for a new national government and it was soon worked on and established in 1887 at the constitutional convention. James Madison on the first day proposed the Virginia plan in which the articles would be scraped as a whole and a new strong body of government would take over and the states would more resemble counties than actual states. This plan met opposition because smaller states felt a fear of being overshadowed by states with larger populations so they came to the great compromise. With this done the only thing left was to get it ratified by all 13 states which was no easy task since the country was divided upon federalism and anti-federalism. The federalist papers though were a strong group of essays written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay to sway the public’s opinion on the matter in favor of federalism, a strong central government. It worked and by 1790 it was ratified and a bill of rights was being drawn up. With the creation of a new country though came domestic and international problems. The British were taking American ships that traded west of the French West Indies and at home there was a rebellion with the farmers of Pennsylvania where Congress had taxed the distillation of whiskey and the farmers had enough of this and had a small uprising. President Washington ordered a federal army with a size of thirteen thousand men to go and occupy western Pennsylvania, they showed a willing force to preserve the union and the people noticed and the uprising died down almost immediately. In doing so this showed the power of the constitution compared to the articles of confederation where the state would have been left in charge of dealing with an uprising and it probably would have gotten out of control. Alien and Sedition Acts-4 acts limting the freedom of the press and free speech and the
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HIST 1377 taught by Professor Buzzanco during the Spring '05 term at University of Houston.

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1 The articles of confederation were drafted in 1777 and ratified during war times as a quick and

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