Ch 2 outline

Ch 2 outline - Chapter 2: Biology and Behavior...

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Biopsychology (def.) Major Systems of Interest: Nervous system and Endocrine System Nervous System: Input, processing, output I. Cells of the Nervous System a. Neurons and glia b. Structure of the neuron i. Dendrites ii. Cell body iii. Axon iv. Terminal buttons v. Neurotransmitters vi. Synaptic cleft vii. Synapse viii. Receptors ix. Pre-synaptic and post-synaptic neurons x. Reuptake c. Functions of neurons i. Action potentials: all-or-none ii. Myelin sheath iii. Refractory period iv. Post-synaptic potentials v. Neural Networks II. The Chemistry of Behavior: Neurotransmitters a. Three classes of neurotransmitters i. Small molecules 1. acetylcholine 2. norepinephrine 3. serotonin 4. dopamine 5. GABA 6. glutamate ii. Peptides 1. endorphins iii. Gases 1. nitric oxide III. Divisions of the Nervous System a. Central and Peripheral b. Peripheral nervous system i. Somatic division ii. Autonomic division 1. sympathetic nervous system – fight or flight
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Ch 2 outline - Chapter 2: Biology and Behavior...

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