ANTH 1001 Test 2

ANTH 1001 Test 2 - Test Two Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee) a....

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: Test Two Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee) a. enviroment Tropical Africa b. diet principally frugivorous, though also eats leaves, insects, and occasionally hunts small mammals c. locomotion arm swinging in trees knuckle walking on the ground occasional bipedalism d. morphology ( characteristics of all apes) arms lower than legs broad thorax mobile wrist stiff back ( few lumbar vertebrae) absence of tail dental formula 2,1,2,3/2,1,2,3 Y-5 cusp pattern on lower molars e. behavior use of tools ( termite probes) hunts mammals polygyny (you are a fag)- multiple make, multiple female troop structure males remain in the troop in which they were born, while females emigrate from their birth troop varied mating patterns, from promiscuity to short-tem pair bonding highly social animals often use as a model for early hominid evolution culture? Gorilla Gorilla (gorilla) a. environment tropical Africa b. diet folivory (leaves, buds, pith) c. locomotion knuckle walking on the ground d. morphology arms longer than legs broad thorax mobile wrist stiff back (few lumbar vertebrae absence of tail dental formula: 2,1,2,3/2,1,2,3 Y-5 cusp pattern on lower molars marked sexual dimorphism in body size, with makes two times larger than females prominent sagittal crest e. behavior polygny- single male and multiple female troop structure ( one adult male [ silverback male] and several adult females; offspring) both males and females emigrate from their birth troop not territorial no evidence of tool use Pongo pygmaeus (orang-utan) a. environment rainforest of Borneo and Sumatra (islands of Indonesia) b. diet frugivory c. locomotion arboreally adapted; slow, cautious climbing in trees d. morphology arms longer than legs broad thorax mobile wrist stiff back ( few lumbar vertebrae) absence of tail dental formula: 2,1,2,3/2.1.2.3 Y-5 Cusp pattern on lower molars marked sexual dimorphism in body size, with males two time larger than females prominent sagittal crest e. behavior adult male and female lead essentially solitary lifestyles, with the territory of a single male overlapping the territories of several females ( noyau social structure). social unit is adult female and her dependent offspring use of tools (sticks are modified and use to open fruits and to probe for honey or termites) Hylobates lar (gibbon) a. environment rainforest of Southeast Asia ( china, Thailand, Vietnam, Indonesia) b. diet frugivory c. locomotion brachiation (rapid arm-over-arm movement through the trees) d. morphology arms longer than legs broad thorax mobile wrist stiff back ( few lumbar vertebrae) absence of tail dental formula: 2,1,2,3/2,1,2,3 Y-5 cusp pattern on lower molars no sexual dimorphism in body size or canine size; males and females are equivalent in size e. behavior...
View Full Document

Page1 / 11

ANTH 1001 Test 2 - Test Two Pan troglodytes (chimpanzee) a....

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online