history essay1 - Jake Terefenko History of the Middle Ages...

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Jake Terefenko History of the Middle Ages Essay One Question 2 The begining of monasticism in the west involved Martin of Tours, who after serving in the Roman army converted to Christianity and established a hermitage near Milan. Later he moved to Poitiers where he started a community around his hermitage. He became Bishop of Tours in 372, where he established a monastery at Marmoutiers. His monastery was set up as a group of hermits living together rather than as a single integrated community. John Cassian was also a pioneer of monasticism. He began at a monastery in Egypt around 385 to study monastic practice there. In Egypt he was attracted to the life of hermits, which he considered the highest form of monasticism Around 410 he established two monasteries near Marseilles, one for men and one for women. Eventually these monistaries attracted about 5,000 monks and nuns. Very significant to the future of monasticism were Cassian's Institutes , which give a guide to monastic life and his Conferences , a collection of spiritual reflections. St. Benedict of Nursia is the most influential of Western monks. He was educated in Rome but eventually he sought the life of a hermit in a cave outside the city. Soon he
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