Unformatted text preview: Karlwitz – A treaty in 1699 that gave the Austrians control of Hungary, and forced the Ottomans to protect Christians within their empire. It symbolized and forshadowed the continuing Ottoman decline. Pogroms – raids and forced emigrations of Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe during the 19 th century. The Zionist movement arose out of a desire to escape such pogroms....
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- Spring '07
- Safavid Empire, gaza strip, Hamas, radical Islamic organization