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classreview - Karlwitz A treaty in 1699 that gave the...

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Hamas – a radical Islamic organization that denies the existence of the Jewish state in Israel. It has executed acts of terrorism, and is considered a terrorist organization by many. They are based in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and now run the Palestinian government. Meritocracy – in relation to Safavid Empire, the Empire was designed to be a meritocracy, but it didn’t work out in practice.
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Unformatted text preview: Karlwitz A treaty in 1699 that gave the Austrians control of Hungary, and forced the Ottomans to protect Christians within their empire. It symbolized and forshadowed the continuing Ottoman decline. Pogroms raids and forced emigrations of Jews from Russia and Eastern Europe during the 19 th century. The Zionist movement arose out of a desire to escape such pogroms....
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