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StudyGuide - Abbasid Order and Court Culture Baghdad...

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Abbasid Order and Court Culture Baghdad - Abbasid capital, center of Islam. It was a cosmopolitan center, housing the “Bayt al-Hikma” (House of Islam) learning center. Mamluks - elite military slavery (many Turkic people) provided Abbasids with the human force needed for military and administrative purposes. They were captured/purchased and taken to Baghdad. After training them as elite soldiers or administratiors, they were converted to Islam. If they were freed later in life, they remained incredibly loyal, becoming proxies or governors for the Abbasids. Buyids and Saljuks- the Seljuks crossed the Oxus River in the 11 th century and took Baghdad in 1055. They did not challenge the Abbasid caliphate as religious leaders, but took political power as the sultans. They Buyids emerged out of Persia after they converted to Shi’ism at the end of the 9 th century. They took Baghdad in 945 for political power, not challenging the Abbasid caliphate. Neither group wanted the religious burden of caliphate, but solely wanted the pragmatic goals (land, taxes, etc.), and they lacked the
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