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Unformatted text preview: Relevant readings posted on Blackboard: “Masculinities and Athletic Careers” by Messner “Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools” by Kozol “The Model Minority” by Wu “Cause of Death: Inequality” by Reuss Rodney Stark “Social Change and Social Movements” Guest Lectures: Patrick Finessay (Office of LGBT concerns) Sonia Oliva (Immigration % Social Movements) Relevant concepts from SCHAEFER: Chapter 7 “Inequality by Gender”: Gender roles Pg 177 Gender roles: expectations regarding proper behavior, attitudes, and activities of males and females– –Most people do not display strictly “masculine” or “feminine” qualities all the time Gender roles developed by identifying with females and males in families and neighborhoods and in the media –In 1980s, boys shown engaged in active play three times as often as girls –Women experience mandate to marry and become a mother –Society defines men’s roles in terms of economic success Homophobia Pg 178 Homophobia: fear of and prejudice against homosexuality. Parents normally first and most crucial agents of socialization. Other adults, older siblings, mass media, religious institutions, and educational institutions also exert important influence. Margaret Mead’s findings Pg 180- Mead’s findings confirm the influential role of culture and socialization in gender-role differentiation- There appears to be no innate or biological reason to designate completely different gender roles for men and women Instrumentality & Expressiveness (Functionalist & Conflict Views of) Pg 181-182 1 Functionalist View Gender differentiation contributes to overall social stability –Instrumentality: emphasis on tasks, a focus on more distant goals, and concern for external relationship between one’s family and other social institutions –Expressiveness: concern for maintenance of harmony and internal emotional affairs of family The Conflict Response The relationship between men and women is traditionally one of unequal power –Men’s instrumental skills more highly rewarded –Gender differences reflect the subjugation of one group (women) by another group (men) Communication patterns between men & women Study micro level of everyday behavior–Communication patterns show male conversational (and in a sense, political) dominance of males •Change topics of conversation •Ignore topics chosen by women •Minimize ideas of women •Interrupt women Glass Ceiling Pg 189 Second shift Pg 190 Many women face the challenge of trying to juggle work and family –Second shift: double burden of working outside the home followed by housework and child care Relevant concepts from SCHAEFER: Chapter 8 “Social Institutions: Family and Religion” Functional Prerequisites Pg 195-196 Functionalist View To survive, any society or relatively permanent group must accomplish five major tasks –Replace personnel –Teach new recruits 2 –Produce and distribute goods and services...
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- Fall '07
- Sociology, pg, Social movement, Society Pg 203204 Family