psyctest3 - CH 11 Study Guide Know various definitions of...

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CH 11 Study Guide Know various definitions of intelligence Intelligence is the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations General Intelligence (g)- the factor that underlies the various clusters of tests items that measure a common ability Definitions of intelligence seem to express what people value in a human being and can vary from culture to culture Know theories of general intelligence versus multiple intelligences. GI: correlate with a person’s ability to do solve novel problems, using primary mental abilities. Also, Spearman tested subjects and found that when one person excelled at one of the 7 clusters, they usually did well on all the others. “A general intelligence factor that according to spearman and others underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measure by every task on an intelligence test” MI: Gardner suggests the idea of multiple intelligences, each relatively independent of each other, unlike GI which are all connected. 8 intelligences are Linguistics, logical-mathematical, musical, special, bodily kinesthetic, intrapersonal(self), interpersonal(others) naturalists. No set tests for these intelligences so it is difficult to test the theory Be familiar with Gardner’s theory and Sternberg’s theory and the evidence for and against each. Gardners- focuses on the idea of multiple intelligences, which are independent of each other, so it is difficult to know whether comparable strengths will be found in other areas. It’s proved by Savant Syndrome, one where a person can have low scores on intelligence tests but have island of brilliance somewhere else. A person with otherwise limited mental abilities has an exceptional specific skill such as in computation or drawing. Finds that there are 8 intelligences. Sternbergs - agrees with Gardners idea of multiple intelligence, however he finds that there are 3, not 8 intelligences resulting in the triarchic theory containing Analytical intelligence- book smart, creative intelligence-artistic smart, and practical intelligence-street smart. Multiple abilities contribute to life success SEE PAGE 436 What is emotional intelligence? Emotional intelligence is the ability to perceive, use, manage, understand and process emotions. They are self aware, less impulsive, better with relationships What do intelligence tests predict? If there more to intelligence and success than what is measured by IQ tests? Intelligence test can predict occupational status and job performance because they can find the g factor you have with academic smarts. IQ test show if you are
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competent enough and have the tools in your brain and the appropriate academic aptitude. They measure whether or not you can get into a specific vocation based on your academic strengths, however the most successful people are those with more than just a good brain, they have other great traits and personalities that make them excel. It takes creativity- the ability to produce new and novel ideas- and a
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psyctest3 - CH 11 Study Guide Know various definitions of...

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