Notes on Charles I England

Notes on Charles I England - I. Charles I (1625-1649)...

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Unformatted text preview: I. Charles I (1625-1649) inherited a relatively stable kingdom from father James a. Handsome, courteous, chaste, dignified i. Restored a regal court b. Not very intelligent, and was too energetic c. Parliament gave him subsidies to help the palatinate i. Buckingham was Lord Admiral, yet he had no experience with war, naval command, and suffered from seasickness ii. 1 st try was an absolute failure 1. Ships were outdated, poorly outfitted 2. Few of the soldiers had any experience iii. Went to help French, but this looked bad for England because the French used the English to help put down the rebelling protestant Huguenots in France d. Charles married Louis VII sister, who was catholic, but agreed that children wouldn’t be raised catholic e. The people wanted to impeach Buckingham, but parliament didn’t know what to impeach him for. i. Charles sent leaders of parliament to tower because he liked Buckingham f. In 1627, England went to war with France for because of the treaty with Spain i. Needs money but doesn’t want to call parliament to have them raise taxes 1. Started taking forced loans on the subjects, which meant that he would request a loan from wealthy subjects and they couldn’t refuse it. a. There was resistance because this forced loan had never been taken when kind was trying to get around parliament i. Charles would imprison those who refused to pay b. Problems with this i. Could he raise money without parliaments consent? ii. Could he imprison people without due process? c. His forces loan raised 1/ 4 mil pounds, which was a fiscal success but political mistake ii. He dismissed the chief justices and began to replace the lieutenants and JPs with people who enforce his plans iii. Countryside had to feed troops and house them when they were stationed in the areas 1. Localities didn’t like that they had to pay to house these troops 2. War wasn’t going well in the first place g. In 1628, parliament and king had first major crisis i. People wanted reconciliation and grievances appeased ii. Good outcome- parliament seemed happy with King’s response and granted him tax of 5 subsidies iii. Passed Petition of Right 1. Didn’t include customs duties, missed grievances of Arminianism 2. Didn’t want marshal law 3. Didn’t want to have to house troops 4. Didn’t want arbitrary taxation 5. No imprisonment if they didn’t pay a loan 6. EXCEPT IN TIMES OF EMERGENCY/SPECIAL CIRCUMSTANCES iv. It all comes down to the beginning of a breakdown of trust between king and localities and a rising tension amongst the people 1. Subjects were divided 2. King endorsed this petition of rights a. Agreed that the people have these rights- it was a general restatement of the old rights i. However felt it could be overridden in times of special circumstance 3. Buckingham issue “resolved” because Buckingham was assassinated so impeachment was out of the picture v. People wanted to pass three legislations 1. Condemn Arminianism 2. Tonnage and poundage to be limited to lasting one year a.a....
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course HISE 332 taught by Professor Pollock during the Spring '08 term at Tulane.

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Notes on Charles I England - I. Charles I (1625-1649)...

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