personality final paper

personality final paper - Personality Disorders Within...

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Personality Disorders Within psychology there are many different forms of disorders that have sparked much interest and raised many questions. Most of these psychological disorders require outside professional help and medication, although other forms of disorders can function well enough to not even need help and rarely seek medical attention. For this paper I will explore and discuss different types of personality disorders, their characteristics and their possible etiologies. According to Sue, Sue and Sue Personality disorders are characterized by inflexible and maladaptive personality traits that cause significant functional impairment or subjective distress for the individual (167) In total there are 10 different types of personality disorders and the first set is characterized by emotional, dramatic and erratic behaviors. The first personality disorder within this group is called the Histrionic personality disorder which is characterized by self dramatization, the exaggerated expression of emotions and attention seeking behaviors. People who are afflicted with this disorder are often very flirtatious and tend to act very flamboyantly. They may come off as very warm, charming and caring but in actuality they are very superficial and shallow. This type of person tends to get excited very easily and during therapy the client will most likely display manipulative suicidal gestures and tries to draw attention to themselves
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through very seductive actions. Although it is hard to get accurate statistics on those with personality disorders, due to the fact that many rarely seek help, it is estimated that one to three percent of the United States population has a histrionic personality disorder. Gender differences are not know for this particular disease but environmental factors such as parental reinforcement for this attention seeking behavior has been known to foster and perpetuate the development of this disorder (173). Another personality disorder within this first group is Borderline personality disorder which is characterized by intense fluctuations in mood, self image and interpersonal relationships. According to Herman, Perry and Van der Kolk people who are classified with disorder usually have very rocky, up and down intense relationships (490). They have been known to be very warm and friendly one day and be very hostile the next. They exhibit extremely impulsive behavior and report having a chronic feeling of emptiness which is often accompanied by suicidal behavior. It has been said that people with this disorder lack a sense of purpose and self esteem which can lead to bouts of depression. It is also possible that people with this disorder may experience psychotic symptoms although they usually pass quickly because the person recognizes that they are not real or socially acceptable. There are a couple different theories as to why Borderline personality occurs, but the main theory rests on the idea of a faulty self identity. Due to this inadequate
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course PSY 241 taught by Professor Woodard during the Spring '07 term at Wheaton MA.

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personality final paper - Personality Disorders Within...

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