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Ch 11 outline (Western Civ. Hist. 100)

Ch 11 outline (Western Civ. Hist. 100) - 2 Infrastructure...

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1 Chap. 11: Material and Social Life in the Middle Ages I. More than 90% of people lived in countryside, calm before the storm (Black Death) II. Diet A. Carbohydrates B. Protein C. Fruits and vegetables D. Beverages III. Demography (see Table 11.3, p. 250) A. Life short, especially for women and children 1. Childbirth 2. Later puberty (17?) may have offered some protection 3. Death rate in first two years 30-70% 4. Warfare B. Very poor medical care IV. Upper-class life A. Decline of need for protection 1. Castles 2. Knights became an order B. Clients and hangers-on C. Rise of cash economy 1. Labor and service changed to cash in fixed amount 2. Inflation V. Village life A. Big difference between wealthy peasants and poor farmworkers 1. Peasants own land 2. Peasants own draft animals 3. Little social mobility B. Communal aspect to economy 1. Agricultural operations
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Unformatted text preview: 2. Infrastructure maintenance VI. Family A. Differences between North and South 1. Lineage group a. Weak in North outside of aristocracy b. Stronger in South, where more poor people owned land B. Generally a nuclear family C. Patriarchal, but lots of widows D. Inheritance 1. Partible–all children or sons get the same– divides up holdings if population is increasing 2. Impartible–e.g., primogeniture–leaves all but one person out in the cold E. Marriage 1. In North men and women marry in early twenties 2. In South bigger age discrepancy, with women in teens 3. Dowry replaced reverse dowry by end of 12 th century 4. Love had little to do with marriage 5. Celibate life in orders was an alternative F. Children–did parents love children?...
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