What is the Scientific method? 13:36 Defining the problem State as clearly as possible what you hope to investigate Operational Definition: explanation of abstract concept that is specific enough to allow a researcher to assess the concept Operationalization is the process of translating concepts and theories into observable ideas, so that they can be tested/ observed Operational Definition Example “Marital Status” could be specified as: Married Divorced Single Common-law Widow Widower Reviewing the Literature Literature: relevant scholarly studies and information that pertain to subject you are researching Will Wikipedia count? Refines the problem under study, clarifies possible techniques to be used in collecting data, and eliminates or reduces avoidable mistakes Formulating the Hypothesis
Hypothesis: speculating statement about relationship between two or more factors known as variables. Example: The higher one’s educational level. The more money one will earn. Variable: measurable trait or characteristic subject to change under different conditions Independent variable: variable that is hypothesized to cause or influence another. E.g., higher education (level of education) Dependent Variable: variable that depends on the influence of the independent variable to affect its action. E.g., more money (income) Casual Logic: an independent variable influences a dependent variable The time students pend reviewing material for a quiz may be directly related to or
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- Winter '13
- Sociology, Widow inheritance, widow, Independent variable influences