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Terms Part Two - Terms Part Two image(s available in image...

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Terms Part Two * image(s) available in image database Justinian-emperor of the eastern empire, he is best known for his law code and for overseeing the construction of the Church at Hagia Sophia Corpus Iuris Civilis- (Body of Civil Law) is the modern name for a collection of fundamental works in jurisprudence, issued from 529 to 534 by order of Justinian I, Byzantine Emperor. San Vitale in Ravenna-Church which was a monument to the defeat of the Arian Goths. And worshiper who raised his or her eyes from the alter immediately saw Justinian and Theodora. Huns- The Huns appeared in Europe in the 4th century , apparently from Central Asia. They first appeared north of the Black Sea , forcing a large number of Goths to seek refuge in the Roman Empire; later, the Huns appeared west of the Carpathians in Pannonia , probably sometime between 400 and 410 , perhaps triggering the massive migration of Germanic tribes westward across the Rhine in December 406 Foedera Battle of Adrianople-Visigoth revolt, defeat of Valens and his army in 378. Khadija-married Muhammad in 595 and married until her death in 619. Hejira-Muhammad’s journey from Mecca to Medinah. Marked the beginning of a new era, symbolized to this day in the Arab world by a calendar that dates “In the year of the Hijra.” Five Pillars-The basic teachings of Islam: 1. the profession of faith, “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is His Prophet”; 2. individual prayer five times daily, plus group prayers at noon on Friday; 3. the sunup-to-sun- down fast during the months of Ramadan; 4. giving generous alms to the poor; and 5. pilgrimage to Mecca at least once in a person’s lifetime. *Quran-Islamic sacred writing, which Muhammad communicated in the form of “recitations,” insisting that he was transmitting a direct revelation from Allah. After Muhammad’s death, his followers arranged the recitations into 114 Suras , or chapters, containing legal and wisdom literature and moral teaching. Hadith-“sayings” of the prophet, comments sometimes made about how God’s revelations were to be understood and applied. Ali-Muhammad’s son-in-law, named caliph in 656, was murdered in 661. Sufi- a mystic tradition within Islam that encompasses a diverse range of beliefs and practices dedicated to Divine love and the cultivation of the elements of the Divine within the individual human being. Abbasid Caliphate-reigned until the 13 th century, brought the Islamic world its first golden age, also created a more international regime. Heraclius-ascended to the throne
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of the Byzantine Empire in 610, between 622 and 629 reclaimed almost everything that had been lost. Patriarch of Constantinople- the Archbishop of Constantinople — New Rome — ranking as primus inter pares (first among equals) in the Eastern Orthodox communion, which is seen by followers as the One, Holy, Catholic, and Apostolic Church.
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