Jeniffer_Project.docx - TEXTUAL GRAFFITI ARTS AS A METHOD...

This preview shows page 1 - 7 out of 62 pages.

TEXTUAL GRAFFITI ARTS AS A METHOD OF COMMUNICATION IN PUBLIC SERVICE VEHICLES IN BURU BURU, NAIROBI COUNTY MBOLONZI N JENIFFER C50/CE/25382/2014 A RESEARCH PROJECT SUBMITTED TO THE SCHOOL OF HUMANITIES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF ARTS (ENGLISH AND LINGUISTICS) IN KENYATTA UNIVERSITY July, 2021
DECLARATION This project is my original work and has not been presented for a degree award or any other award in the University. Signature___________________________ Date: January, 2018 Name: Jeniffer Mbolonzi Reg no: C50/CE/25382/2012 Supervisor: This project has been submitted for review with my approval as university supervisor Signature___________________________ Date: _____________________________ Dr. Emily A. Ogutu Department of Literature, Linguistics, and Foreign Languages Kenyatta University 2
DEDICATION This research project is a special dedication to my family. Thank you for being an encouragement and motivation when I needed it the most. 3
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT I would like to recognize my family members for their encouragement throughout this strenuous course. I also acknowledge the hand of the highest, God, for blessing me with good health and financial breakthrough during the research period. I warmly appreciate the fundamental role my supervisor played by providing guidelines that enabled the research to be successful. I also acknowledge the management of Kenyatta University for the significant contribution through the provision of resources and workforce to help me pursue a degree of Master of Arts. 4
TABLE OF CONTENTS DECLARATION ii DEDICATION iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENT iv LIST OF TABLES viii ABSTRACT ix CHAPTER ONE 1 INTRODUCTION 1 1.1 Background of study 1 1.2 Statement of the problem 4 1.3 Research objectives 5 1.4 Research questions 5 1.5 Assumptions of study 5 1.6 Justification of the study 6 1.7 Scope of the study 6 CHAPTER TWO 8 LITERATURE REVIEW 8 2.1 Introduction 8 2.2 The concept of graffiti 8 2.3 Graffiti and communication 11 2.4 Various discourse domains of graffiti used in public services vehicles. 12 2.5 Language and language variation used in discourse domains in public service vehicles 13 2.6 The socio-demographic differences in interpretation of textual graffiti among users of public service vehicles 15 2.7 Textual Graffiti in Kenya 16 2.8 Summary of the literature review 18 2.9 Theoretical framework 18 2.9.1 Critical Discourse Analysis Model 18 2.9.2 Fairclough (1992) offers five Propositions that frame CDA. 21 2.9.3 Criticism of CDA 22 CHAPTER THREE 23 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 23 5
3.0 Introduction 23 3.1 Research design 23 3.2 Area of study 23 3.3 Target population 24 3.4 Sampling techniques 24 3.5 Data collection procedures 25 3.6 Data analysis 26 3.7 Ethical considerations 27 CHAPTER FOUR 28 DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS 28 4.1 Introduction 28 4.2 The Various Discourse Domains of Graffiti Used in Public Services Vehicles,28 4.3 Inter-Textuality in Graffiti Texts in Public Service Vehicles 31 4.4 The Forms of Language Used in Discourse Domains in Public Service Vehicles 33 4.5 The Socio-Demographic Differences in Interpretation of Textual Graffiti among Public Service Vehicle users

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture