ENG 200 Lesson 1.7. Sentences.pdf - ENG 200 Lesson 1.7....

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9/20/15 8:48 AMENG 200 Lesson 1.7. SentencesPage 1 of 6centaerLast Updated: Fall 2015English 200: Composition IIInstructor:Dennis KawaharadaENG 200 Course SyllabusENG 200 Course ScheduleLaulima Website:University of North CarolinaWriting Center:Handouts MenuEditing and Proofreading Review:Links at the Purdue University OWLLesson 1.7. Editing SentencesIn Lesson 1.7, you'll review sentence editing, with a focus on writing concisely.In "How do I revise at the sentence level?"("Revising Drafts"), the University of NorthCarolina's Writing Center quotes Peter Elbow on one technique for revising sentences—readingthem out loud:Read your paper out loud, sentence by sentence, and follow Peter Elbow’s advice:“Look for places where you stumble or get lost in the middle of a sentence. These areobvious awkwardness’s that need fixing. Look for places where you get distracted oreven bored—where you cannot concentrate. These are places where you probably lostfocus or concentration in your writing. Cut through the extra words or vagueness ordigression; get back to the energy. Listen even for the tiniest jerk or stumble in yourreading, the tiniest lessening of your energy or focus or concentration as you say thewords . . . A sentence should be alive” (Writing with Power135).Grammar vs. StyleGrammaris based on rules: there is a correct way and a wrong way to punctuate a sentencein professional and academic writing; there is a correct way and a wrong way to make a verbagree with a subject, or a pronoun agree with its antecedent.Style, on the other hand,is based on choice: there are many ways to write and punctuate asentence, from which a writer chooses the way that best expresses what he or she wants tosay. A good sentence goes beyond mere grammatical correctness; it aims for a style suited tothe audience, purpose, and context of the sentence. A good professional and academic stylemay be defined by the following three qualities:consistency,clarity, andconciseness. Pointof view, voiceandtone, which we'll cover in Unit 3, also play a role.Consistency
9/20/15 8:48 AMENG 200 Lesson 1.7. SentencesPage 2 of 6Editing forconsistencyincludes eliminatinginconsistent verb tense shifts(shifting frompast to present or present to past for no reason) andunnecessary shifts in point of view(switching among first to second or third person or from singular to plural for no reason);consistency also includes maintainingparallelism, orstructural consistency, in the phrasingof sentences.You should have covered aspects of sentence consistency in your intorductory college writingcourse (ENG or ESL 100). For a review of editing for consistency, see the following pages atPurdue OWL:Verb Tense Consistency: avoiding inconsistent shifting in tense from past to present or viceversa)Pronouns (Shifts in number or person): avoiding inconsistent pronoun shifts in person andnumberParallel Structure (1)

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