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Unformatted text preview: Research Design Issues (notes to go with lecture slides) • • •
• Usually involves detailed study of social life in naturally occurring contexts; Cases represent instances of human behaviour or events; we can document actual events by interviewing, observing, videotaping, etc. Often develop theory “along the way”, using “grounded-‐theory approach”; we stick “closely to the ground,” i.e., the actual experiences of those involved in the interactions in order to make sense out of their experiences; conceptualization and operationalization occur simultaneously with the data Researchers compare cases, looking for what’s common across cases and what sets them apart Context = critical; social meaning and significance of events require that we place these in context to help us understand human actors, where they’re coming from, their main Reductionism • Essentially opposite of ecological fallacy, i.e., statements about groups or higher level of reality based on information about individuals • Measurement of individual-‐level phenomena can be grouped, but differs from measurement of group-‐level phenomena directly • For example, study of links between urban poverty and crime requires study of city-‐level indicators (not individuals’ economic statuses or victimization) Quantitative Design Issues • Operationalization: measuring reality • Concepts translated into variables • Variables can be quantitative or qualitative in nature • Variables have two or more attributes • Variables may be “independent,” “dependent,” or “intervening” (notion of causal relationships) • Linked together in form of hypotheses ...
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- Fall '14
- Sociology, research design, group-‐level phenomena, human actors