According to Sutherland’s theory of Differential Association, poor people are not
the only individuals that commit crime.
Crime, according to Sutherland, is everywhere;
this includes not only crime on streets committed by people of lower class, but crime in
offices committed by people of higher class as well.
This concept is known as
occupational crime: crimes committed by professionals in their facility as professionals.
There has been crime in the course of occupation for a long time, but it wasn’t brought to
anyone’s attention until Sutherland’s theory of Differential Association. This theory
along with many others, including Michael Gottfredson and Travis Hirschi’s self- control
theory, give many explanations to why crime is committed in the course of occupation.
Dr. Joseph Shaw Jones, a Gastroenterologist, battled a drug and alcohol addiction,
which soon began to affect his career.
On numerous occasions, Jones would show up late
to operations in a state of disarray.
His eyes were glassy, speech slurred, and his hands
would tremble. In 1989, the Medical Board was aware of Jones addiction to drugs but
still allowed him to obtain a license to practice, as long as he meant specific terms to help
treat his addiction.
A few years later, in 1993, the Medical board found that Jones had
violated these specific terms to abstain from the use of drugs and alcohol.
later showed that Jones previously tampered with drugs meant for patients to feed his
Nurses even stated, “they heard a number of patients screaming during
In 1998 Nancy Rodriguez, a woman from Loudoun County was recommended to
Jones for a colonoscopy.
Rodriguez claimed that during the procedure, Jones had
switched the pain medication, causing her to wake in the middle of the procedure with a
Rodriguez stated that she made Jones aware of her discomfort and he did
nothing to ease her pain.
Jones and Rodriguez ended up settling the case at an
undisclosed amount, and Jones continued to practice. In 1999, Jones was discovered
using drugs meant for patients while performing colonoscopies, he was fined $10,000 but
was still able to keep his license. However, in 2001, only after pleading guilty to drug
possession charges in a Federal Court, did the Medical board suspend Jones’ license to
practice and sentenced to 30 months in a federal prison.
Jones was forced to give up his
medical license for a period of three years.
Yet after two years and two months, Jones
was given his medical license back by the Virginia Board of Medicine.
Jones’ multiple accounts of malpractice and drug addiction are definitely