CRIM 1150 - Chapter 6 - Subculture Theories.docx -...

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Subculture Theories – CRIM 1150Explain deviance in terms of subculture of particular groups – some groups develop norms and values different from those of wider society – it is centered around the idea that crime and deviance is a reaction by a group who reject the majority view and/or feel excluded – subculture is a subdivision within the dominant culture that has its own norms, beliefs and values – typicallyemerge when people in similar circumstances find themselves isolated from the mainstream and band together – delinquent subcultures emerge in response to special problems that members of the dominant culture do not face – different immigrant groups – different crime rates – creation of distinct cultural values in groups – especially in response to problems the majority or mainstream don’t experience Culture can be described as simply the shared social values, tastes, behavioral standards, customs, and social rules of a distinct social grouping – how do we define Canadian culture? ProblemsRestricted by focus on crimes that are a product of group gang involvement – largely limited to lower class crime – limited research and empirical verification – can opportunity alone explain crime?What about female rime? White collar crime? The self report study (showed results that both lower and upper committed crime) – the link between class and delinquencyAlbert Cohen’s Theory of Status Deprivation (just want to belong)Status deprivation – rooted in differences between classes – particularly the lower class and the middle class – how does a gang come about according to his theory?-Lower class boys want to achieve success and higher social status, just like middle class boys -Middle class measuring rod – hard work, relying on oneself, controlling aggression, using

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