CHAPTER 04 - CHAPTER 4: Some Types of Chemical Reactions...

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CHAPTER 4: Some Types of Chemical Reactions
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2 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Discovered the periodic law The properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers.
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3 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Groups or families Vertical group of elements on periodic table Similar chemical and physical properties
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4 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Period Horizontal group of elements on periodic table Transition from metals to nonmetals
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5 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Some chemical properties of metals 1. Outer shells contain few electrons 2. Form cations by losing electrons 3. Form ionic compounds with nonmetals 4. Solid state characterized by metallic bonding
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6 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group IA metals Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr One example of a periodic trend The reactions with water of Li
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7 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group IA metals Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr One example of a periodic trend The reactions with water of Li, Na
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8 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group IA metals Li, Na, K, Rb, Cs, Fr One example of a periodic trend The reactions with water of Li, Na, & K
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9 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group IIA metals alkaline earth metals Be, Mg, Ca, Sr, Ba, Ra
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10 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Some chemical properties of nonmetals 1. Outer shells contain four or more electrons 2. Form anions by gaining electrons 3. Form ionic compounds with metals and covalent compounds with other nonmetals 4. Form covalently bonded molecules; noble gases are monatomic
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11 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group VIIA nonmetals halogens F, Cl, Br, I, At
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12 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group VIA nonmetals O, S, Se, Te
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13 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Group 8A nonmetals noble, inert or rare gases He, Ne, Ar, Kr, Xe, Rn
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14 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Stair step function on periodic table separates metals from nonmetals. Metals are to the left of stair step. Approximately 80% of the elements Best metals are on the far left of the table.
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15 The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Stair step function on periodic table separates metals from nonmetals. Nonmetals are to the right of stair step. Approximately 20% of the elements Best nonmetals are on the far right of the table.
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The Periodic Table: Metals, Nonmetals, and Metalloids Stair step function on periodic table separates metals from nonmetals. Metalloids have one side
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course CHM 111 taught by Professor Jamesadams during the Spring '08 term at Greenville Technical College.

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CHAPTER 04 - CHAPTER 4: Some Types of Chemical Reactions...

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