EAB3002 Exam 3 Study Guide

EAB3002 Exam 3 Study Guide - EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Operant...

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EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE - 1 - Operant Behavior that operates on the environment to produce consequences that in turn strengthen the behavior Topography The physical form or characteristics of the response Operant Class All the responses that result in the same consequence Discriminative Stimulus An even that precedes an operant and sets the occasion for behavior to be reinforced Differential Reinforcement Reinforcing an operant in one situation but not in another. S-delta The stimulus that precedes the response when an operant does not produce reinforcement Contingency of Reinforcement The relationship between the events that set the occasion for behavior, the operant class, and the consequences that follow this behavior The Four Basic Contingencies Positive Reinforcement, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Punishment, Negative Punishment Positive Reinforcement A stimulus follows behavior and as a result, the rate of that behavior increases Negative Reinforcement The removal of an event increases the rate of response Positive Punishment An operant produces an event and rate of operant behavior decreases Negative Punishment Removal of an event or stimulus decreases operant behavior Rewards and Intrinsic Motivation Rewards tied to level or quality of performance increase intrinsic motivation or leave intrinsic interest unaffected Rewards and Creativity Rewards increase creativity, increases novel performance that affects new tasks, and increases intrinsic interest and task enjoyment Premack Principle A higher frequency behavior will function as reinforcement for a lower frequency behavior
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EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE - 2 - Operant Conditioning An increase or decrease in operant behavior as a function of a contingency of reinforcement Law of Effect (Thorndike) Operants may be followed by the presentation of contingent consequences that increase the rate of this behavior Rate of Response (aka “Operant Rate”); provides a direct measure of the selection of behavior by its consequences Free Operant Method An animal may repeatedly response over an extensive period of time. The organism is free to emit many responses or none at all; more suitable to study the probability of response in a given situation Operant Chamber A device used in a laboratory to study operant conditioning Deprivation Operation The procedure of restricting access to food (the potential reinforcing stimulus) Conditioned Reinforcer An event or stimulus that acquires its reinforcing function over the lifetime of the organism Operant Level The baseline rate of response; the rate of response before any known conditioning Continuous Reinforcement When each response produces reinforcement Repertiore The behavior an animal is naturally capable of emitting on the basis of species and environmental history Successive Approximation Reinforcing closer and closer approximations to the final performance Cumulative Recorder Laboratory instrument that records the frequency of operant behavior in time Ad libitum weight The body weight of an organism that has free access to food 24 hr a day
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This note was uploaded on 04/09/2008 for the course EAB 3002 taught by Professor Yankelevitz during the Spring '08 term at University of Florida.

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EAB3002 Exam 3 Study Guide - EXAM 3 STUDY GUIDE Operant...

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