ANTH 3004 Test 1 Study Guide Notes

ANTH 3004 Test 1 Study Guide Notes - REL/ANTH 3004 FIRST...

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REL/ANTH 3004 FIRST MIDTERM TEST Fall, 2013 Prepare the following questions. On the day of the test (Wednesday, Sept 25), I will choose the ones that you will answer. Your answers should be clear, precise, detailed, and complete. Make each sentence count. Egregiously bad style and vagueness will be penalized. If you wish, you may provide drawings to illustrate some of your points. Shorter Answers (15 minutes each) 1. Demonstrate your understanding of the complexity of biblical toponomy by presenting the arguments for identifying biblical Gezer or Samaria or Debir (5-8 sentences). GEZER Major Cannanite city during Late Bronze Age. In Joshua 10, conquered and inhabited by Israelites Construction during Solomon Lingustics Modern name ( Tel al Jazar) Islamic – similarities to ancient Hebrew, a close phonetic translation Sources Bible supports its existence ( Joshua and Kings) Listed in the conquest list of Thutmose III right after Gibbeth (which is now Tell Melat, 5 miles to the West of Tel al Jazar) Joshua 16:1-3 places it between the Mediteranian sea and Lower Beth Horton (Modern Beit ‘ur et-Tahta) Classical Historian Eusebius (300 AD) said that Gezer was near Nicopolis (or Biblical Emmaus = Modern Imwas) Supporting Archeology 1847 Charles Clermont- found stones surrounding the suspected site (Tel al Jazar) which where inscribed with “the boundary of Gezer” 2. On a wall in the Karnak temple at Thebes, four battle scenes surround the peace treaty between Ramses II and the Hittite king ca. 1275 BCE. Each battle scene also has a hieroglyphic text, and the cartouches in the texts have the name Sety II. Present (6-8 sentences) F. Yurco’s arguments for (a) relating the battle scenes to
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Merneptah, and (b) identifying the enemies in the battle scenes . Then state (1 succinct but substantive sentence) A. Rainey’s objection to Yurco’s interpretation of scene 4. Ramses II built the wall, inscribed the peace treaty and two battle scenes on the left. Merneptah partially erased the two battle scenes of Ramses II. He then inscribed over them battle scenes of his own, each with an inscription. And Added 2 more scenes to the right There are 4 enemies drawn and the inscription mentions 4 enemies 1) The first scene of a sieged city has an inscription specifically mentioning the defeat of Ashkelon 2) Yurco assumes the second scene, also a siege of a city, is of Gezer 3) Yurco assumes the 3 rd scene, a siege of a city, is of Yano-am 4) And the 4 th scene, the defeat of a people on an open field, is of the defeat of the Israelites. There is some archeological evidence to support some of this: Objects naming Merneptah and a 13 th -century destruction level were found at Gezer Rainey Objects enemy soldiers in scene 4 are wearing ankle-length cloaks, which are typical of Canaanite soldiers.
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  • Spring '08
  • Irvine,S
  • Archaeology, Israelites, Canaan, battle scenes, Israelite settlements, Tel al Jazar

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