Former Soviet Union - Overview The Former Soviet Union In...

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The Former Soviet Union In 1999, Russia’s economic output was lower than that of Belgium, a country with 1/14 of Russia’s Population Doing better now because of Revenues from its oil and gas Overview Brief History • Soviet Union = USSR or CCCP • 1917 – Last Czar Nicholas II’s regime was overthrown • Bolsheviks (V.I. Lenin) gained control Æ Era of communism Bolshevik – “the majority” Menshevik – “the minority” • In 1924, formally renamed USSR • Dec. 25, 1991, final collapse • Existed for 67 years • The Comm. experiment was a failure Mikhail Gorbachev Boris Yeltsin Vladimir Putin
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Geographic Characteristics 1. Huge Size •A n E u r a s i a n S t a t e • Twice the size of the US or China • Occupies 1/6 of the land surface, excluding Antarctica • Stretches across 11 time zones • The largest territorially contiguous empire in the world, though not the greatest • Russia makes up 76.6% of the total territory RUSSIA-US SIZE COMPARISON FORMER SOVIET UNION European Part (1 qtr)
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Asian Part (3 qtrs) Asian Russia (Siberia) Central Asian Republics K azakhstan U zberkistan T urkmenistan K yrgyzstan T adzhikistan 2. Generally cold and dry climate Weather vs climate Affected by 3 natural conditions Latitudinal position Continental position Locations of large mountain ranges Æ accentuate harsh environments “Permafrost” • The Soviet planners tried to change the harsh natural environment: - irrigation systems - draining of marshes - planting extensive belts of trees
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Former Soviet Union - Overview The Former Soviet Union In...

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