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Test01Answers - GEOL 108 Test # 1 Answers Answer Key for...

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Unformatted text preview: GEOL 108 Test # 1 Answers Answer Key for Test #1 Section 1. Multiple-choice questions. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Mark your choice on the optical scan sheet. 1. Ninety percent of our atmosphere lies below an altitude of about: (a) 6 km. (b) 16 km. (c) 31 km. (d) 65 km. (e) 100 km. 2. The primary purpose of a smokestack is to (a) change the lapse rate. (b) burn off inversion layers. (c) promote adiabatic cooling of the smoke. (d) hide pollutants from EPA inspectors. (e) reduce the concentration of pollutants at ground level. 3. The atmosphere is heated primarily by (a) absorption of radiation from the ground. (b) conduction from the ground. (c) absorption of solar radiation. (d) convection from the ground. (e) evaporation from the oceans. 4. Two cities are in the middle of a continent. City A is atop a high mountain while city B is near sea level. All other conditions are similar. How would you expect the climates of the two cities to compare? (a) City A will have a cooler average temperature and will experience a smaller range of temperatures over the course of a day than city B. (b) City A will have a warmer average temperature and will experience a smaller range of temperatures over the course of a day than city B. (c) City A will have a cooler average temperature and will experience a larger range of tem- peratures over the course of a day than city B. (d) City A will have a warmer average temperature and will experience a larger range of temperatures over the course of a day than city B. (e) City A will have a cooler average temperature and will experience approximately the same range of temperatures over the course of a day as city B. 5. A primary reason for drawing isotherms on a map of temperature values is to allow (a) determination of temperature ranges. (b) calculation of mean values. (c) elimination of extreme values. (d) recognition of temperature patterns. (e) none of the above 2 of 8 Wednesday Feb. 13 GEOL 108 Test # 1 Answers 6. As liquid water is evaporated into the atmosphere, heat energy is (a) absorbed by the remaining liquid. (b) absorbed by the surrounding air. (c) absorbed by the evaporating water. (d) given off by the water vapor. (e) released by the evaporating water. 7. These six pollutants are known as the criteria pollutants and are covered by the National Ambient Air Quality Standards. (a) particulates, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, lead, and VOCs (b) particulates, sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, lead, and ozone (c) particulates, sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxide, lead, VOCs and smog (d) particulates, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, lead, ozone, and chlorofluorocarbons (e) sulfur dioxide, carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxide, lead, ozone, and chlorofluorocarbons 8. How is the temperature affected by the presence of thick clouds?...
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Test01Answers - GEOL 108 Test # 1 Answers Answer Key for...

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