History Midterm Exam Paper - Stewart1 MatthewStewart...

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Stewart 1 Matthew Stewart Dr. Luke Reader Midterm Exam 1 18 February 2014 Kings or Slaves “Man was born free and he is everywhere in chains. Those who think themselves  masters of others are indeed greater slaves than they”. This quote describes the kings and  queens of Europe very well. The quote describes how the powerful are actually just as  much slaves as the lower classes are. The 17 th  and 18 th  centuries exemplify how kings and  queens such as Louis XIV, Frederick the Great Elector of Prussia, and Peter the Great  rely on this system of patronage each have put into place because their positions were  unstable.  In the 17 th  and 18 th  centuries, the position as a ruler was a risky position. The  position was unstable; the position relied on kings and queens becoming slaves towards  their countries, whether this was knowingly or not. This position is unstable during this  time due to religious violence, nations not unified, and the desire for power. The have no  control over the rest of society so they must create an image to not be overthrown. All of  the kings and queens, during this time, relied on becoming an absolute monarch in a  sense, but when they did this it showed how they were slaves to their systems of  patronage.   Louis XIV displayed how he was a slave, even as a ruler. During the 17 th  century,  the French were in a time of religious violence, granting rights to different groups of 
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2 people. Religion is the center focus during this time period. Louis XIV falls into a victim  because of how society views him. Louis XIV had an impression that he must have a  divine right to rule, which plays the role into what is going on at this time with the  different religious turmoil. Louis XIV took on the role of divine righteousness to  purposely keep the turmoil from stemming up to him.  Louis XIV supports the idea of the divine right to rule in order to keep his  position on the throne. Louis XIV gave pensions to artists who worked for him. In the  end, it is no surprise that he is depicted that way he is in photographs. He is seen in  pictures as the Roman god, Jupiter. He portrays himself with such power to show how he 
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